ChickenBones: A Journal

for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes



The Journal of Black Poetry probably published more poets

than any other journal in the history of American literature



Books by Marvin X

Love and War: Poems  / In the Crazy House Called America / Woman: Man’s Best Friend Beyond Religion Toward Spirituality

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Notes on the Journal of Black Poetry Festival

Marvin X, Chief Planner


Tentative date for the Journal of Black Poetry Festival: Late September, 2007.

Purpose: To give honor and respect to Brother Dingane Joe Goncalves, publisher and editor of the Journal of Black Poetry JBP.

The invited poets and planners include Amiri Baraka, Askia Toure, Nikki Giovanni, Sonia Sanchez, Last Poets, Haki Madhubuti, Kalamu ya Salaam, Amina Baraka, Eugene Redman, Rudolph Lewis, Tureeda, Ayodele Nzinga, Naru, Ptah, Marcel Diallo, Tureeda, Ishmael Reed, Devorah Major, Al Young, Jose Angel Figerora, Nefertiti El Muhajir, Muhammida El Muhajir, Larry Ukali Johnson, Reginald Lockett, Devorah Major, Marvin X.

As per funding, we should consider that the JBP was published independently without corporate or government funding. Shall we continue this tradition of do for self with respect to funding this festival, since this project is a continuation of the cultural revolution that will impact the consciousness of participants, especially the hip hop generation.  And why should we beg corporations and foundations to do for us what we should do for ourselves?

If every interested poet would donate a hundred or thousand dollars, we could pull this off independently. If poets would be willing to pay their own airfare and lodging, that would be a nice chunk out of the budget. We have a tentative facility at Oakland’s Eastside Arts Center. Laney College is nearby and we expect the students at Laney’s Club Knowledge to be a part of the planning to insure the hip hop generation is represented in this intergenerational gathering.

Anyway, tell me your thoughts on funding, agenda and expected outcome. Please respond to me by email ( ) and/or snail mail: Marvin X, P.O. Box 1317, Paradise CA 95967. Happy New Year,  Marvin X

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Journal of Black Poetry Festival

Marvin X, Chief Planner

Marvin X is the chief planner of The Journal of Black Poetry Festival being organized for sometime next year. He is calling on all Pan African poets to participate. The JBP festival has the backing of founding publisher/editor Dingane Joe Goncalves. All poets who were published in the JBP are being drafted to participate. Nikki Giovanni has informed Marvin X she will contribute since her first published poem appeared in the Journal. Some of the editors included Amiri Baraka, Sonia Sanchez, Askia Toure, Larry Neal, Marvin X. Contributors included Kalamu ya Salaam, Haki Madhubuti, Last Poets, Ed Bullins, and so many others it would be impossible to list.

In fact, the Journal was the chief organ of the Black Arts Movement, along with magazines Black World, Black Theatre, Black Dialogue, SoulBook, Liberator, Umbra, and a few others. See James Smethurst’s The Black Arts Movement, University of North California Press. Almost anyone who was a budding poet or poet of substance appeared in the Journal, including poets from Africa and the Caribbean. Additionally, it was a communication organ of the black arts revolution, containing regional and national news on the cultural revolution.

The Journal of Black Poetry probably published more poets than any other journal in the history of American literature. Thus, we want to honor the man who single-handedly edited this critical publication of Pan African and North American African literature:Digane (Joe Goncalves). Shy and reclusive, Digane agreed to participate after Marvin X told him he would be kidnapped and brought to the festival.

Other key organizers include Eugene Redmond, Amiri Baraka, Sonia Sanchez, Rudolph Lewis. If you and/or your organization would like to participate and be a listed as a supporter, please leave a note on my blog: 

The festival will probably take place in Oakland at the Eastside Arts Cultural Center, which recently hosted the 40th anniversary of the Black Panther Party, and produces the annual Malcolm X Jazz Festival.

If you have ideas on the agenda or papers, send them to the above blog. Dingane is preparing to publish an anthology of the Journal that was edited by the late poet/critic Sherley A. Williams. We know contributions are needed to publish this important anthology. Certainly, any poet who appeared in the JBP should consider making a generous donation to the anthology. A topic of discussion should be how to publish radical literary organs to continue the cultural revolution.

Marvin X

Journal of Black Poetry Festival

P.O. Box 1317

Paradise CA 95967

510-472-9589  /   

Don’t be caught in the new year without a copy of Marvin X’s Beyond Religion, Toward Spirituality , essays on consciousness, Black Bird Press, 281 pages, $19.95. Order from Black Black Bird Press, P.O. Box 1317, Paradise CA 95967. Add $5.00 for priority mailing.

ISBN: 0-9649672-9-4

For interviews, bookings, contact Suninleo PR

muhammida el muhajir, creative director sun in leo, inc. 718.574.6331 718.496.2305

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Larry Neal, Guest Editor





Larry Miller                                                                                           1

Kuwasi Balagon                                                                                 2-5

Larry Neal                                                                                         6-7

Victor Hernandez Cruz                                                                          8

Askia Muhammad Touré                                                                       9

Ebon                                                                                                   10

Charles F. Gordon                                                                               11

Jimmy Stewart                                                                                12-14

Makhuka Rammopo                                                                            15

Lynn Shorter                                                                                  16-17

Stanley Crouch                                                                                 17-19

D.L. Graham                                                                                  20-22

Herbert Greshom                                                                                 22

Jacques                                                                                          23-24

Victor Hernandez Cruz                                                                   24-25

Kirk Hall                                                                                              26

Bob Bennett                                                                                   27-29

C.A. Graves                                                                                   29-33

Stuckel                                                                                           33-34

S.E. Anderson                                                                                     35

Kirk Hall                                                                                             36

Welburn                                                                                              37

Walter W. Stevens                                                                              38

S. Jones                                                                                              39

JMM                                                                                             39-41

Marvin X                                                                                       42-43

Sonia Sanchez                                                                               44-46 

Don L. Lee                                                                                    47-50

Al Young                                                                                       51-53

Edd Johnson                                                                                        55

S. Ashbya                                                                                            55

Norma Johnson                                                                              56-57

Sandra Whiteurs                                                                             58-59

Clarence Major                                                                              60-61

Sam Cornish                                                                                        61

Franklyn Prillerman                                                                              62

Michael Nicholas                                                                            63-64

Jewel C. Latimore                                                                                67

Marvin X                                                                                             67

Ridhiana Saunders                                                                               68

Ilena Joy Crushshon                                                                             69

Donald C. Frazier                                                                           69-70

Elmo Holder                                                                                         70

Octavious Abon                                                                                   71

Carolyn Rodgers                                                                                  72

Audre Lorde                                                                                   73-74

Tauhid Mshairi                                                                                      75

Paul Anthony                                                                                        76

Tauhid Mshairi                                                                                 77-81

Ebon                                                                                               82-83

William Holsey                                                                                     84

Ed Spriggs                                                                                           85


Art                                                                                                      54

News                                                                                             86-88

Authors                                                                                         89-90


The Journal of Black Poetry is published for all black people everywhere. It will appear quarterly. Copyright 1968 by Joe Goncalves. Journal of Black Poetry / 1308 Masonic Avenue #4 / San Francisco, California 94117

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[Although] its circulation was not as large [as Negro Digest/Black World . . . a circulation . . . over 100,000 . . . the largest literary magazine in American history] , The Journal of Black Poetry which published 19 issues between the mid sixties and the mid seventies, is one of the most vibrant examples of an independently published, non-academic poetry journal in the history of American publishing.


Kalamu ya Salaam, “What Is Black Poetry”

Dingane Joe Goncalves became Black Dialogue‘s poetry editor and, as more and more poetry poured in, he conceived of starting the Journal of Black Poetry. Founded in San Francisco, the first issue was a small magazine with mimeographed pages and a lithographed cover. Up through the summer of 1975, the Journal published nineteen issues and grew to over one hundred pages. Publishing a broad range of more than five hundred poets, its editorial policy was eclectic. Special issues were given to guest editors who included Ahmed Alhamisi, Don L. Lee (Haki R. Madhubuti), Clarence Major, Larry Neal, Dudley Randall, Ed Spriggs, and Askia Touré. In addition to African Americans, African, Caribbean, Asian, and other international revolutionary poets were presented.


Kalamu ya Salaam,

“Historical Overviews of The Black Arts Movement”

Goncalves (Dingane), an occasional poet, is unique in his intellectual-typographical approach to ideas (see Black Fire), but his service to black poetry has been more obvious in his work as founder-editor of the Journal of Black Poetry. He also served as poetry editor of Black Dialogue. A quiet but steady influence on the new black poetry, he has written some of the most informed criticism to come out of the period.—Eugene B. Redmond, DrumVoices: The Mission of Afro-American Poetry, A Critical History (1976)


One of the most important important results of the creation of Black Dialogue in terms of the Black Arts movement was that it led to the creation of the third important Bay Area journal, the Journal of Black Poetry, in 1966. the editor of JBP, Dingane Joe Goncalves, raised in Boston, was a leader of CORE in the Bay Area. In fact, it was in san Francisco CORE office that the visual artist and poet Edward Spriggs and Goncalves first met. the relationship between Goncalves and Spriggs no doubt strengthened, if not actually forged, Goncalves’s ties to the various black political and cultural circles centered on San Francisco States. Goncalves and Spriggs (who was soon relocated to New York) joined the staff of Black Dialogue on which Spriggs served as the East Coast correspondent and Goncalves as the poetry editor.

When Black Dialogue received far more worthwhile poetry than it could possibly print, Goncalves saw the need for a new journal devoted to black poetry. The result was JBP—on which Spriggs worked, too, as a regional corresponding editor from Harlem. In many ways the project of JBP  was much like that of Black Dialogue: to allow young black writers with or without wider reputations to speak to each other, to try out their voices. Again, much like the new avant-garde outside the Black Arts movement as well as within it, JBP emphasized process over finished product.

However JBP became far more than a journal of poetry. it published critical reviews, and news about black cultural and political movements sent in from all over the United States (and beyond). Regular corresponding editors such as Spriggs and Clarence major in new York, provided some of this news. But reader correspondents sent in much more, reporting on theaters, workshops, readings, presses, and so on from Savannah to Seattle. Also despite his political and cultural commitments, Goncalves was in many respects a very reclusive person, staying out of the conflicts that became endemic in the Bay Area after the split between the BPP and many of the Black Arts activists in the Bay Area in 1967, allowing JBP to weather political storms that destroyed, hamstrung, or forced the relocation of many key Bay Area Black Arts activists and institutions.

In short, JBP was incredibly important in facilitating grassroots communication and a sense of community among black artists across the country. If one truly wishes to gain a sense of the scope of the Black Arts movement and how the movement worked on the ground in the second half of the 1960s and the early 1970s, especially outside New York, Chicago, and the Bay Area, the news section of JBP is indispensable.—James Smethurst, The Black Arts Movement (2005)

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UCLA PN6109.7 .J82 — Journal of black poetry. v. 1, no. 1-17; summer 1966-summer 1973 San Francisco, California

Continued by Kitabu cha jua. v. 1, no. 18-, Summer 1974 Library has v.14-19(1970-75)

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The Journal of Black Poetry, Volume One (Fall-Winter), Number Three, 1966, 20 pages, Black and White photo of Malcolm X

Titles Include: Without Tenderness, The Genesis, White Power, Massa in De Cold, Cold Ground, Your Presence, A Sower Went Out to Sow His Seed, Death of a Nigger, In This Underground of Blackness, Poem for Members, her, Every Time I Feel the Spirit, What Goes Around Comes Around, The Singer, My Brother, Time to Die, Song of the Dry Season, The Golden Ode

Authors: David Diop, Alexander Pushkin, Clarence Major, Jon Eckels, Fred Bradford, Dwight Newby, Ed Bullins, Le Graham, Clarence Major, Carl Boissiere, James Danner, Raymond Dandridge, Antara

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The Journal of Black Poetry, Summer 1967, No. 5, 44 pages

Authors: Sam Cornish, Dudley Randall, Cy Leslie, Hillary Broadous, Richard Allen, Larry Neal, L.G. Damas, Jacque Roumain, Aime Cesaire, Nicolas Guillen, Jorge de Lima, Marvin X, JMM, George Jacobs, Don L. Lee, Roland Young

Titles: The Policeman Always, With Nothing Else, Sooner or Later, Ballads of the Numbers Game, The Beautiful, Towards a Ballade of the Girl Next Door, For the Life of an Uncle Tom, Yeah! I knew You didn’t, Look Not for Spirituals, Garvey’s Ghost,  The Night they Came, When the Drum Beats, Listen to the White World, A Little Rock, The Song of Hope and 9 more!

Includes Black and White photo and drawings

Titles & Authors: The Policeman Always, Sooner or Later, With Nothing Else  by Sam Cornish; Ballad of the Numbers Game, by Dudley Randall; The Beautiful by, Cy Leslie; Towards a Ballad of the Girl Next Door, by Hillery Broadous; The Primitive Man, by Marvin X; Garvey’s Ghost  by Larry Neal.

More Authors names: Essays by Roland Young; Report from Detroit by Le Graham.

Special 7-page supplement: Black Poets from Brazil, Cuba, Guyana, Martinque, Haiti.

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Journal of Black Poetry, Vol. 1 No. 11. Spring 1969. Spriggs, Ed, Guest Editor. Oversized (8-1/2×11) Poetry, essays, criticism. Many of the major BAM poets represented, including Carolyn Rodgers, Ethridge Knight, Marvin X, Nikki Giovanni, Don L. Lee, Sonia Sanchez, Stanley Crouch, Ted Joans, etc. . To back of cover. 80 pp.

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Journal of Black Poetry, Number 16, Summer 1972. Oversized. Goncalves, Joe, Ed.Many BAM poets represented, including John Clark, Sterling Plumpp, Jay Wright, Pearl C. Lomax, Kalamu ya Salaam , Elma Stuckey. many others. Essay by Walter Rodney. Contributing editors: Amiri Baraka, Marvin X, Larry Neal. To cover.100 pp.

posted 19 December 2006

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#1 – Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark #2 – Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree #3 – Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane #4 – Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper #5 – Stackin’ Paper 2 Genesis’ Payback by Joy King #6 – Thug Lovin’ (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark #7 – When I Get Where I’m Going by Cheryl Robinson #8 – Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby #9 – The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane

#10 – Covenant: A Thriller  by Brandon Massey

#11 – Diary Of A Street Diva  by Ashley and JaQuavis

#12 – Don’t Ever Tell  by Brandon Massey

#13 – For colored girls who have considered suicide  by Ntozake Shange

#14 – For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree

#15 – Homemade Loves  by J. California Cooper

#16 – The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper

#17 – Player Haters by Carl Weber

#18 – Purple Panties: An Anthology by Sidney Molare

#19 – Stackin’ Paper by Joy King

#20 – Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey

#21 – The Upper Room by Mary Monroe

#22 – Thug Matrimony  by Wahida Clark

#23 – Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark

#24 – Married Men by Carl Weber

#25 – I Dreamt I Was in Heaven – The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter


#1 – Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable #2 – Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans #3 – Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane #4 – Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper #5 – Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You’re Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant #6 – Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey #7 – The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight #8 – The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing #9 – The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson

#10 – John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History  by Ahati N. N. Toure

#11 – Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley

#12 –The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

#13 – The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell

#14 – The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore

#15 – Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can’t Commit  by RM Johnson

#16 – Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins

#17 – Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell

#18 – A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose by Eckhart Tolle

#19 – John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard

#20 – Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris

#21 – Age Ain’t Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice

#22 – 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino #23 – Chicken Soup for the Prisoner’s Soul by Tom Lagana #24 – 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields

#25 – Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class  by Lisa B. Thompson

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1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created

By Charles C. Mann

I’m a big fan of Charles Mann’s previous book 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus, in which he provides a sweeping and provocative examination of North and South America prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus. It’s exhaustively researched but so wonderfully written that it’s anything but exhausting to read. With his follow-up, 1493, Mann has taken it to a new, truly global level. Building on the groundbreaking work of Alfred Crosby (author of The Columbian Exchange and, I’m proud to say, a fellow Nantucketer), Mann has written nothing less than the story of our world: how a planet of what were once several autonomous continents is quickly becoming a single, “globalized” entity.

Mann not only talked to countless scientists and researchers; he visited the places he writes about, and as a consequence, the book has a marvelously wide-ranging yet personal feel as we follow Mann from one far-flung corner of the world to the next. And always, the prose is masterful. In telling the improbable story of how Spanish and Chinese cultures collided in the Philippines in the sixteenth century, he takes us to the island of Mindoro whose “southern coast consists of a number of small bays, one next to another like tooth marks in an apple.”

We learn how the spread of malaria, the potato, tobacco, guano, rubber plants, and sugar cane have disrupted and convulsed the planet and will continue to do so until we are finally living on one integrated or at least close-to-integrated Earth. Whether or not the human instigators of all this remarkable change will survive the process they helped to initiate more than five hundred years ago remains, Mann suggests in this monumental and revelatory book, an open question.

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Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America

By Melissa V. Harris-Perry

According to the author, this society has historically exerted considerable pressure on black females to fit into one of a handful of stereotypes, primarily, the Mammy, the Matriarch or the Jezebel.  The selfless Mammy’s behavior is marked by a slavish devotion to white folks’ domestic concerns, often at the expense of those of her own family’s needs. By contrast, the relatively-hedonistic Jezebel is a sexually-insatiable temptress. And the Matriarch is generally thought of as an emasculating figure who denigrates black men, ala the characters Sapphire and Aunt Esther on the television shows Amos and Andy and Sanford and Son, respectively.     

Professor Perry points out how the propagation of these harmful myths have served the mainstream culture well. For instance, the Mammy suggests that it is almost second nature for black females to feel a maternal instinct towards Caucasian babies.

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Raising Her Voice

African-American Women Journalists Who Changed History

 By Rodger Streitmatter

Little research exists on African-American women journalists, even in studies of the black press. To address this gap, Streitmatter presents eleven biographies of journalists from the early nineteenth century to the present.—Journal of Women’s History

[Streitmatter] finds that their attraction to journalism cam from their desire to be advocates of racial reform, that they were courageous in the face of sexism and financial discrimination, and that they used education as their entry into journalism and subsequently received support from African-American male editors.—Journal of Women’s History

An historical chronology of eleven interesting and determined black female journalists.—Washington Times

Rodger Streitmatter is a journalist and cultural historian whose work explores how the media have helped to shape American culture. He is currently a professor in the School of Communication at American University and is the author of seven previous books.

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The African American Press

With Special References to Four Newspapers, 1827-1965

By Charles A. Simmons

Of the 4,000 or so black-owned newspapers that Simmons informs us have existed in American history, he selects four well-known publications for detailed analysis. They are the Chicago Defender, Pittsburgh Courier, Oklahoma City Black Dispatch, and Jackson (Mississippi) Advocate. Following a summary of the black press in the abolition and Reconstruction eras, the author jumps into the four papers’ editorial philosophies in the 1910s and 1920s, the start of the great northward migration, instigated, some say, by the Defender. Throughout the history of black journalism, argues Simmons, the large question was what balance should be struck between militancy and accommodation, and what balance between sensationalism and straight news. During World War II, the uncompromising Courier became the top-circulating newspaper. Simmons concludes with the four papers’ reporting of the civil rights movement, in which the Advocate comes off poorly, having possibly been bribed into advocacy for the segregationist status quo. A pricey book, but one covering an important aspect of black history.



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The River of No Return

The Autobiography of a Black Militant and the Life and Death of SNCC

By Cleveland Sellers with Robert Terrell

Among histories of the civil rights movement of the 1960s there are few personal narratives better than this one. Besides being an insider’s account of the rise and fall of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, it is an eyewitness report of the strategies and the conflicts in the crucial battle zones as the fight for racial justice raged across the South.  This memoir by Cleveland Sellers, a SNCC volunteer, traces his zealous commitment to activism from the time of the sit-ins, demonstrations, and freedom rides in the early ’60s. In a narrative encompassing the Mississippi Freedom Summer (1964), the historic march in Selma, the Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, and the murders of civil rights activists in Mississippi, he recounts the turbulent history of SNCC and tells the powerful story of his own no-return dedication to the cause of civil rights and social change.

The River of No Return is acclaimed as a book that is destined to become a standard text for those wishing to perceive the civil rights struggle from within the ranks of one of its key organizations and to note the divisive history of the movement as groups striving for common goals were embroiled in conflict and controversy.

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Allah, Liberty, and Love

The Courage to Reconcile Faith and Freedom

By Irshad Manji

In Allah, Liberty and Love, Irshad Manji paves a path for Muslims and non-Muslims to transcend the fears that stop so many of us from living with honest-to-God integrity: the fear of offending others in a multicultural world as well as the fear of questioning our own communities. Since publishing her international bestseller, The Trouble with Islam Today, Manji has moved from anger to aspiration. She shows how any of us can reconcile faith with freedom and thus discover the Allah of liberty and love—the universal God that loves us enough to give us choices and the capacity to make them. Among the most visible Muslim reformers of our era, Manji draws on her experience in the trenches to share stories that are deeply poignant, frequently funny and always revealing about these morally confused times.

What prevents young Muslims, even in the West, from expressing their need for religious reinterpretation? What scares non-Muslims about openly supporting liberal voices within Islam? How did we get into the mess of tolerating intolerable customs, such as honor killings, and how do we change that noxious status quo?

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery /

George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 — The Founding of Haiti 

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update 18 August 2012




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Related Files:  Dingane Joe Goncalves  Journal of Black Poetry Festival