ChickenBones: A Journal

for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes



 Carruthers earned respect as one of the world’s leading experts in classical African civilizations.

His interests carried him throughout the continent of Africa, conducting study tours to Egypt,

 Ethiopia, the Nile Valley, Zimbabwe, Senegal, the Ivory Coast and other parts of West Africa.



Books by Jacob H. Carruthers


African or American: A Question of Intellectual Allegiance   Western Civilization: Africa or Greece, Whose Legacy?

Kemet and the African Worldview   Essays in Ancient Egyptian Studies  Kemet and the African Worldview

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Maa Kheru  ‘True of Voice’

The Passing of Jacob H. Carruthers

Scholar and Educator

Visitation: Thursday January 8, 2004    

Services  well be held Friday January 9, 2004 


Hotep Asa and all,

Dr. Jacob H. Carruthers made his transition this morning, January 4, 2004 at 9:38 a.m. Chicago Time into the realm of the ancestors. His spirit soars as I write these words. These tears are mixed with joy and sadness that I must tell you of his passing. Please do not be distressed, for his love and joy will live on forever. His magnificent works will lead us into the future and assure liberation for our people.

The Creator knew what was best for my teacher, my friend, my mentor, my brother and all the other things he has meant to me and so many others around the world. He is truly loved. There is a hole in my heart and I feel so sad yet, I rejoice in knowing one of the most brilliant men I have ever met in my lifetime. Jake is a genius and will serve us well among the ranks of Dr. Clarke, Dr. Williams, Dr. Diop, Dr. McIntyre, et al. and for that I am grateful.

The Association for the Study of Classical African Civilizations (ASCAC) asks for prayers and libations of all Africans for safe passage of the Ka of our youngest ancestor as he begins his initiation into eternity.

Know that you are loved by me and the ASCAC family as we all continue to build for eternity.

neb ankh, udjah, seneb, mi Ra djet (May you have all life, prosperity and health like the sun forever !!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Queen Nzinga Ratibisha Heru,  International President

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Dr. Jake was a great scholar and educator, also a friend to everyone that has had the opportunity to share his space.  I had hoped to have him in New Orleans this past fall but his illness prevented that.  Fortunately, Benjamin Swinson, another good friend and scholar was in the wings and prepared to step in. 

His works, “Intellectual Warfare” and “The Irritated Genii” are among the important books of the 20th century.  His creation, the Kemetic Institute, will live on and flourish according to those tenets that he set forth over the years. 

We will only have to miss his corporeal presence.  His spirit is undying. Chuck Siler

Maa Kheru  ‘True of Voice’

Cage Memorial Chapel

7651 S. Jeffery Blvd

Chicago, Illinois    60649

(773) 721-8900

Visitation: Thursday January 8, 2004    

12 noon until 8:00 PM

Services  well be held Friday January 9, 2004 at St. James United Methodist Church 4611 South Ellis Ave. Chicago, Illinois 60653

(773)   285-4244

Visitation: 10–11 AM                     Services: 11 AM

Professor Jacob Carruthers, born  15 February 1930 in Dallas, firmly believed that a large part of liberating African American people comes from understanding and connecting history, culture, and heritage.He received a B.A. from Samuel Houston College in 1950, an M.A. from Texas Southern University in 1958, and a Ph.D. in political studies from the University of Colorado in 1966. From 1966 to 1968, Carruthers worked as an assistant professor at Kansas State College before joining the staff of Northeastern Illinois University’s Center for Inner City Studies (CICS).

Along with Anderson Thompson, Robert Starks, Conrad Worrill and others, Carruthers, shaped the CICS program into one that emphasized self-determination, activism, and study of the global black community.

In this context, Carruthers earned respect as one of the world’s leading experts in classical African civilizations. His interests carried him throughout the continent of Africa, conducting study tours to Egypt, Ethiopia, the Nile Valley, Zimbabwe, Senegal, the Ivory Coast and other parts of West Africa. Carruthers wrote or edited hundreds of essays and papers on his findings and his major works include: The Irritated Genie: An Essay on the Haitian Revolution, Essays in Ancient Egyptian Studies, Intellectual Warfare, MDW NTR: Devine Speech and Science and Oppression. Kemet and the African Worldview

He lectured at various educational institutions, served on evaluation teams for many area high schools, and worked as a consultant to both the Dayton and Chicago public school systems. Carruthers served as founding president of the Association for the Study of Classical African Civilizations for five years. In that capacity, he led a group of 1,000 black teachers, students, artists and scholars from the United States to the Nubian Cultural Center in Aswan, Egypt, for a two-week conference and tour of Nubia and Egypt.

He was a founding member and priest of the Temple of African Community of Chicago and founding member and director of the Kemetic (Egyptian) Institute, which sponsors the annual Teaching About Africa program for teachers and school administrators. He married his wife, Ifé, in 1986 and has four children.

Sources: History Makers    ASAC Bios

*   *   *   *   *’s 25 Best Selling Books



#1 – Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark #2 – Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree #3 – Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane #4 – Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper #5 – Stackin’ Paper 2 Genesis’ Payback by Joy King #6 – Thug Lovin’ (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark #7 – When I Get Where I’m Going by Cheryl Robinson #8 – Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby #9 – The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane

#10 – Covenant: A Thriller  by Brandon Massey

#11 – Diary Of A Street Diva  by Ashley and JaQuavis

#12 – Don’t Ever Tell  by Brandon Massey

#13 – For colored girls who have considered suicide  by Ntozake Shange

#14 – For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree

#15 – Homemade Loves  by J. California Cooper

#16 – The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper

#17 – Player Haters by Carl Weber

#18 – Purple Panties: An Anthology by Sidney Molare

#19 – Stackin’ Paper by Joy King

#20 – Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey

#21 – The Upper Room by Mary Monroe

#22 – Thug Matrimony  by Wahida Clark

#23 – Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark

#24 – Married Men by Carl Weber

#25 – I Dreamt I Was in Heaven – The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter


#1 – Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable #2 – Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans #3 – Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane #4 – Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper #5 – Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You’re Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant #6 – Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey #7 – The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight #8 – The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing #9 – The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson

#10 – John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History  by Ahati N. N. Toure

#11 – Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley

#12 –The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

#13 – The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell

#14 – The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore

#15 – Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can’t Commit  by RM Johnson

#16 – Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins

#17 – Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell

#18 – A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose by Eckhart Tolle

#19 – John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard

#20 – Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris

#21 – Age Ain’t Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice

#22 – 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino #23 – Chicken Soup for the Prisoner’s Soul by Tom Lagana #24 – 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields

#25 – Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class  by Lisa B. Thompson

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Sex at the Margins

Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry

By Laura María Agustín

This book explodes several myths: that selling sex is completely different from any other kind of work, that migrants who sell sex are passive victims and that the multitude of people out to save them are without self-interest. Laura Agustín makes a passionate case against these stereotypes, arguing that the label ‘trafficked’ does not accurately describe migrants’ lives and that the ‘rescue industry’ serves to disempower them. Based on extensive research amongst both migrants who sell sex and social helpers, Sex at the Margins provides a radically different analysis. Frequently, says Agustin, migrants make rational choices to travel and work in the sex industry, and although they are treated like a marginalised group they form part of the dynamic global economy. Both powerful and controversial, this book is essential reading for all those who want to understand the increasingly important relationship between sex markets, migration and the desire for social justice. “Sex at the Margins rips apart distinctions between migrants, service work and sexual labour and reveals the utter complexity of the contemporary sex industry. This book is set to be a trailblazer in the study of sexuality.”—Lisa Adkins, University of London

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The Warmth of Other Suns

The Epic Story of America’s Great Migration

By Isabel Wilkerson

Ida Mae Brandon Gladney, a sharecropper’s wife, left Mississippi for Milwaukee in 1937, after her cousin was falsely accused of stealing a white man’s turkeys and was almost beaten to death. In 1945, George Swanson Starling, a citrus picker, fled Florida for Harlem after learning of the grove owners’ plans to give him a “necktie party” (a lynching). Robert Joseph Pershing Foster made his trek from Louisiana to California in 1953, embittered by “the absurdity that he was doing surgery for the United States Army and couldn’t operate in his own home town.” Anchored to these three stories is Pulitzer Prize–winning journalist Wilkerson’s magnificent, extensively researched study of the “great migration,” the exodus of six million black Southerners out of the terror of Jim Crow to an “uncertain existence” in the North and Midwest. Wilkerson deftly incorporates sociological and historical studies into the novelistic narratives of Gladney, Starling, and Pershing settling in new lands, building anew, and often finding that they have not left racism behind. The drama, poignancy, and romance of a classic immigrant saga pervade this book, hold the reader in its grasp, and resonate long after the reading is done.

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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Negro Digest / Black World

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery /

George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 — The Founding of Haiti 

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update 12 December 2011





Tributes Obituaries Remembrances    Transitional Writings on Africa