Inside the Caribbean

Inside the Caribbean

ChickenBones: A Journal

for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes

Inside the Caribbean


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Emancipation Day Saint Martin

164 years Ago (July 1) 1848-2012



Not Voting for Obama

We’re not even buying a voting ticket to the show  

By Ezili Dantò


Lasana Sekou and Kendel Hippolyte

Open Bocas Lit Fest Poetry Readings in Trinidad

By Shivanee Ramlochan

WADU Leader Dudley Thompson Transitioned  / Ziggy Marley Struggling for Peace in the World (Interview)

 The Bible & Biblical Typology, A Useful Method of InterpretationThe Confessions of Nat Turner (Krzemienski)  /   Farrakhan: Gadhafi fought . . . with Honor  

Housing Discrimination Settlement with Bank of America Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan on $335 million settlement—PBS

Cuba’s Raul Castro backs gay rights—

Cuban President Raul Castro backs greater gay rights and ending discrimination against homosexuals, his daughter Mariela, a famed sexologist, said Saturday during a colorful gay rights march in Havana.”He has done some advocacy work, speaking of the need to make progress in terms of rights based on sexual orientation and gender identity,” Mariela Castro told reporters. “The Cuban president… has been talking about this issue, but he has not made it public. It is surely part of his strategy,” she added, when asked if her father backed her campaign to legalize civil unions for gays and lesbians. “He himself has said that… we cannot make progress if we continue to live with these prejudices.” Mariela Castro runs Cuba’s National Center for Sex Education (CENESEX) and is an outspoken advocate for the rights of homosexuals and transsexuals in Communist-ruled Cuba. She is pushing for passage of legislation that would legalize same-sex unions, but stops short of endorsing gay marriage. She is hopeful that lawmakers will take up the bill sometime this year.—Yahoo

Cubans take part in a march to commemorate the World Day Against Homophobia in 2011

What Color is Haitian Jesus?  /  The Best African American Literary Magazines?  / Olbermann Calls Obama A Sellout, Republicans Treasonous / For Love of Liberty

France Appoints Three Blacks as Ministers—Christiane Taubira [born 2 February 1952,] from French Guiana, has been named minister of justice in the new French Socialist government. She’s the first black woman to become minister (Rama Yade, originally from Senegal, had been a junior minister in the previous government.) Taubira, who is on the left of the Socialist Party, is the author of a law, now called “Loi Taubira,” voted by the French Parliament in 2001, which recognizes the slave trade and slavery as crimes against humanity. She was the first person from the Overseas Department, the first woman, and the first person of color to run for president in 2002. Taubira, 60, a divorced mother of four has a PhD in economics, a BA in sociology, and a degree in African-American studies. Another woman from the overseas departments, George Pau-Langevin [Born 19 October 1948] from Guadeloupe—a member of Parliament representing Paris—was named junior minister for educational success. Victorin Lurel [20 August 1951], also from Guadeloupe, became minister in charge of overseas departments. . . . The French Overseas Departments . . . swung emphatically in favour of Hollande as he swept Sarkozy from power in France’s presidential election runoff on May 6. In Guadeloupe, Hollande enjoyed his biggest victory in the region, winning 72 per cent of the vote as against 28 per cent for Sarkozy.—AntiguaObserver

Why Africa Is Not Israel   / Bearing the Owners’ Names & Other Burdens  / Sensualization of Pain  /  What to Do with “Deception and Deviltry”



Princess Juliana Int’l Airport  Rolls Out Carnival Welcome for Passengers

SIMPSON BAY, St. Maarten (April 23, 2012)—Both arriving passengers as well as other users of the airport and airport community knew that Carnival was certainly in the air, as SXM (also abbreviated as PJIA) engaged carnival-costumed revelers to give out this year’s Carnival Program to passengers right at the jet bridges and as they walked toward Immigration clearance. . . . The carnival revelers not only distributed carnival programs to passengers, but also throughout the airport terminal building . . .  “Carnival is the most important expression of our culture and we at SXM believe we should promote this as much as possible, hence our efforts at ensuring that all those coming in or leaving our island during this period know that something special is happening here,” noted Managing Director, Regina LaBega. The special meet and greet at the Princess Juliana Int’l Airport (SXM) will continue into next weekend, when Carnival reaches its high point

Dizzy Gillespie, Arturo Sandoval,”Night in Tunisia” / gang starr— jazz thing  /ALICE COLTRANE—Something About John Coltrane

While The Blood Runs Warm In My Veins (Aretha Franklin)  / Poet Kamau Brathwaite reads from Born to Slow Horses

27 Days: Dedicated to Monsieur Monsignac, his fellow survivors and those passed on (Written by Keenan Norris and Alexandria White)

Originally performed by Alexandria White and Darold Rawls at Evergreen Valley College, San Jose,CA


Michael Manley, Maurice Bishop, Kurt Waldheim, Fidel Castro

Louis Reyes Rivera Made His Transition

Friday evening, 2 March 2012, Brooklyn New York

On the Passing of Piri Thomas

By Louis Reyes Rivera

What to Do with “Deception and Deviltry” (Lewis) / Community Organizer vs. Corrupt Politician  (Bruce A. Dixon)           Wilson’s Obama Poem   Responses to Barack Obama Winning The Presidency

Ngugi wa Thiong’o Moving the Center: Language, Culture, and Globalization / Happy Birthday Miles – an interview + three performances

The Brilliant Disaster

JFK, Castro, and America’s Doomed Invasion of Cuba’s Bay of Pigs

By Jim Rasenberger

My telling of the Bay of Pigs thing will certainly not be the first. On the contrary, thousands of pages of official reports, journalism, memoir, and scholarship have been devoted to the invasion, including at least two exceptional books: Haynes Johnson’s emotionally charged account published in 1964 and Peter Wyden’s deeply reported account from 1979. This book owes a debt to both of those, and to many others, as well as to thousands of pages of once-classified documents that have become available over the past fifteen years, thanks in part to the efforts of the National Security Archives, an organization affiliated with George Washington University that seeks to declassify and publish government files. These newer sources, including a CIA inspector general’s report, written shortly after the invasion and hidden away in a vault for decades, and a once-secret CIA history compiled in the 1970s, add depth and clarity to our understanding of the event and of the men who planned it and took part in it. . . . With the possible exception of Castro, no one came out of the Cuban venture smelling sweet, but over time the CIA came to assume the rankest odor of all. Starting with the publication of two important memoirs by senior Kennedy aides in the fall of 1965—Arthur M. Schlesinger’s A Thousand Days and Theodore Sorensen’s Kennedy—a steady stream of books championed the view that John Kennedy was a victim in the Bay of Pigs, and especially a victim of the CIA’s arrogance and malfeasance.

Protests, Resignation After BART Shooting  /  Hound Dog Taylor & Little Walter Amiri Baraka: Evolution of a Revolutionary Poet  / Mukoma wa Ngugi : A Glimpse into African Consciousness

Ghosts in Our Blood

With Malcolm X in Africa, England, and the Caribbean

By Jan R. Carew

Carew, an activist, scholar, and journalist, met Malcolm X during his last trip abroad only a few weeks before he was killed in 1965. It made such an impression on Carew that he felt compelled to search out Malcolm’s family and friends in order to flesh out the family history. He interviewed Wilfred (Malcolm’s older brother) and a Grenadian friend of Malcolm’s mother named Tanta Bess. Comparing his family’s experiences with that of Malcolm X, he gives the most complete picture yet of Malcolm’s mother. Carew also offers a tantalizing glimpse of Malcolm X’s transforming himself into El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, a man less blinded by his own racial prejudices yet as committed to the betterment of his race as ever. Just before his death, Malcolm X became convinced that a U.S. agency was involved with those trying to kill him, and Carew here reveals the evidence Malcolm X gave him to support these beliefs. The mystery of Malcolm’s death remains unresolved, and we are once again filled with regret that he was cut down before he could fulfill the promise of his later days. —Library Journal

Quilting the Black Eyed Pea  /  Blues as Secularized Spirituals  /  God Parent of Hip Hop Nikki Giovanni   /  Gil Scott-Heron “Blue Collar”

Keenan Norris Of Obama and Oakland  /  Coal, Charcoal, and Chocolate Comedy  /   fresno gone   /  Freedom Vision  /  27 Days

Haiti: The Land Where Negritude

First Stood on Its Feet

By  Rose Ure Mezu, Ph.D.

Fourth World Multiculturalism

as Antidote to Global Violence

Poem by Dr. Rose Ure Mezu

Tiger Woods: Sinners Shaming Sinners  / On Passing the Health Care Bill of 2010

The Black Arts Movement Literary Nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s  By James Edward Smethurst / ChickenBones Black Arts and Black Power Figures

Kwame Ture defines Pan-Africanism (1 of 2)  / Kwame Ture defines Pan-Africanism (2 of 2)  /  Debate James Baldwin and Malcolm X / African Hair and Its Significance

Pelican Heart—An Anthology of Poems by Lasana M. Sekou

Edited by Emio Jorge Rodriguez

Passion for the Nation is what comes out of Sekou’s poems at a first glance and at a deeper reading. The book is a selection gathered from eleven of Sekou’s poetry collections between 1978 and 2010. Rodríguez is an independent Cuban academic, writer, and essayist. He has been a researcher at Casa de las Américas’s Literary Research Center and founded the literary journal Anales del Caribe (1981-2000). María Teresa Ortega translated the poems from the original English to Spanish. A critical introduction, detailed footnotes, and a useful glossary by Rodríguez are also found in the book of 428 pages. The collection has been launched at conferences in Barbados, Cuba, and Mexico. Rodriguez’s introduction to Pelican Heart refers to Dr. Howard Fergus’s Love Labor Liberation in Lasana Sekou, which is the critical commentary to Sekou’s work that identifies three cardinal points in his poetics. I would add as cardinal points: Belief or Driving Force of people in political processes, like his political commitment to make St. Martin independent, as the southern part of the Caribbean island is a territory of the Netherlands, while the northern part is a French Collectivité d’outre-mer.—Sara Florian

Richard Wright Print Resources  /  China II Report  (June 4-19, 2010)  / Open Note to President Barack Obama //  Searching for the Half Sign (O. R. Dathorne)  // Farrakhan in Harlem On Libya

Tracy Chapman—Telling Stories  /  Film: The Killing Of The Imam  / Elaine Brown: Black Panthers, Freeing political prisoner  / Bassey Ikpi—Apology to My Unborn

Blacks in Hispanic Literature: Critical Essays

Edited by Miriam DeCosta-Willis 

Blacks in Hispanic Literature is a collection of fourteen essays by scholars and creative writers from Africa and the Americas. Called one of two significant critical works on Afro-Hispanic literature to appear in the late 1970s, it includes the pioneering studies of Carter G. Woodson and Valaurez B. Spratlin, published in the 1930s, as well as the essays of scholars whose interpretations were shaped by the Black aesthetic. The early essays, primarily of the Black-as-subject in Spanish medieval and Golden Age literature, provide an historical context for understanding 20th-century creative works by African-descended, Hispanophone writers, such as Cuban Nicolás Guillén and Ecuadorean poet, novelist, and scholar Adalberto Ortiz, whose essay analyzes the significance of Negritude in Latin America. This collaborative text set the tone for later conferences in which writers and scholars worked together to promote, disseminate, and critique the literature of Spanish-speaking people of African descent. . . . Cited by a literary critic in 2004 as “the seminal study in the field of Afro-Hispanic Literature . . . on which most scholars in the field ‘cut their teeth’.”

Runoko Rashidi —

Delany and Blyden   Niger and the National Museum    African Libraries Project  Runoko Rashidi    The Black Presence in the Bible / Runoko in Budapest‏   / A Tribute to Ivan Van Sertima

Haiti Abstains—Dan Coughlin—22 March 2011—“The majority of the Haitian people did not vote in this election because the majority of people stand behind Lavalas,” said Wilnor Moise, a 29-year-old former bus conductor from Cité Soleil, referring to Fanmi Lavalas (FL), the democratic movement of former Haitian president Jean-Bertrand Aristide, which was barred from participating in the elections. Haiti’s disputed parliamentary and presidential poll, culminating in the final round of voting this past Sunday, is key to the future of billions of dollars in pledged earthquake aid and to that of the 14,000-strong UN force that has occupied Haiti since the 2004 coup d’etat that overthrew Aristide and his party. The banning of progressive parties and the FL from this year’s polls, allegedly because of procedural and technical issues, opened the electoral landscape to two neo-Duvalierist presidential candidates: Mirlande Manigat, 70, the wife (and some say surrogate) of a former right-wing president, and Michel “Sweet Micky” Martelly, 50, a popular konpa musician.—TheNation / Return of the Aristide Family to Haiti. Part 1  — Part 2   Carnival Musician Michel Martelly Elected

Black Labor Samuel Gompers    John Mitchell    John L. Lewis

  Walter Reuther

The Negro and Industrial Unionism  Labor Fights All Injustice 

Yvette’s cookbook is a 2011 bestseller

GREAT BAY, St. Martin (July 31, 2011)—It’s official. It’s a bestseller! From Yvette’s Kitchen To Your Table – A Treasury of St. Martin’s Traditional & Contemporary Cuisine by Yvette Hyman has sold out, according to House of Nehesi Publishers (HNP). In a record seven weeks after its June 2011 release here, less than 80 copies of the cookbook are left in bookstores and with the author’s family representatives charged with distribution, said Jacqueline Sample, HNP president. The decision on whether to reprint a new batch of From Yvette’s Kitchen  … lies with the family of the late award-winning chef, said the publisher.“We are very thankful to the people of St. Martin for embracing Yvette’s cookbook. The visitors to our island also bought many copies of this beautifully designed book of the nation’s cuisine,” said Sample.From Yvette’s Kitchen  is made up of 13 chapters, including Appetizers, Soups, Poultry, Fish and Shellfish, Meat, Salads, Dumplings, Rice and Fungi, Breads, and Desserts.The 312-page full color book includes recipes for Souse, the ever-popular Johnny cake, and Conch Yvette’s. Lamb stew, coconut tart, guavaberry, and soursop drink are also among the over 200 recipes à la Yvette in this Treasury of St. Martin’s Traditional & Contemporary Cuisine, said Sample.“We hope that this cookbook’s success also adds to the indicator of the performance and importance of books published in the Caribbean,” said Sample.The other HNP book that sold out in such a short time was the 1989 poetry collection Golden Voices of S’maatin. That first title by Ruby Bute had sold out in about three months and has since been reprinted, said Sample.

Beverly Jenai: Do Cowboys Dance?   That Which Binds   The Painting  My Friend Yictove / Jean-Michel Basquiat : The Radiant Child

How the U.S. Impoverished Haiti (Jean Damu) / Also Poems on Haiti by Marvin X, Ayodele Nzinga, and  Dr. Rose Ure Mezu

Jean Saint-Vil of Canada Haiti Action is interviewed by Pat Van Horne / New Orlean’s Heart is in Haiti

No, Mister! You Cannot Share My Pain! (John Maxwell)   / The hate and the quake (Sir Hilary Beckles)

  Rudy’s Place : Sussex County: A Tale of Three Centuries  Public Education in Sussex County in Black and White   History of Jerusalem Baptist Church

Victor Hernández Cruz [born 1949 in Aguas Buenas, Puerto Rico. He moved to New York City with his family when he was five years old, but he didn’t start learning English until two years later when his family.] is a leading poet of the “Neo-rican” (or Neorican or Nuyorican) movement in American literature, characterized by writers of Puerto Rican descent who have lived primarily in the United States and whose works utilize “Spanglish”—an idiomatic English inflected with Spanish and Black English.

Cruz’s poems address themes of cultural fusion based on his experience as a Puerto Rican born immigrant to New York City and expressed through the rhythms of Latin and African-American music, particularly salsa and jazz. Cruz’s major collections of poetry include Maraca (2001) Snaps (1969), Tropicalization (1976), Red Beans: Poems (1991), and Panoramas (1997).—Enotes

Louis Armstrong—Solitude / Billie Holiday & Louis Armstrong—Farewell to Storyville / Cree Summer—Savior Self / Edwidge Danticat Speaks at York College

Staggering number of Caribbean Immigrants Sexually Abused in Detention Centers

The ACLU said documents obtained from the federal government reveal that immigrants reported being sexually abused at the centers nearly 200 times since 2007. . . . 56 of the 185 allegations were made in Texas, more than in any other state. . . . The guard, Donald Dunn, pleaded guilty to official oppression and unlawful restraint in the assaults of five women while working at the T. Don Hutto Detention Center. . . . The suit also names Dunn’s supervisor, three Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officials, the Texas county of Williamson and the Corrections Corporation of America, a private prison company that manages the facility. . . .

Shapiro said that the documents the ACLU recovered may just be the “tip of the iceberg.” “I shudder to think how many are not reported,” he said. Earlier this week, ICE Director John Morton said his agency deported nearly 400,000 immigrants during the fiscal year that ended in September, the largest number of removals in the agency’s history.—RepeatingIslands.

Snoop Dogg ft Dr DRE & D’Angelo—Imagine Trinity Roots—New Zealand  /  Bicycle Corps: America’s Black Army on Wheels  /  A Different Kind of Blue

Books By Puerto Rican Poet/Writer, Alberto O. Cappas

  Doña Julia and Other Selected Poems  / Never Too Late to Make a U-Turn  

Lessons for Myself

The Top Seven Suppliers of Oil to the US—8 July 2010—The top seven countries on the following list account for more than $140 billion worth of oil every year—1. Canada 2. Mexico 3. Saudi Arabia  4. Venezuela  5. Nigeria 6. Angola 7. Iraq—Truth-Out

President Underscores Similarities With Brazilians

Mr. Obama, characteristically, did not overtly address his race, or race in general, in several joint appearances with Ms. [Dilma] Rousseff on Saturday. He came closest in their meeting with business executives from American and Brazilian corporations, but Mr. Obama spoke indirectly, more in terms of social and economic status than race. He hailed “the American dream” as appropriate for both the United States and Latin America, defining it as “the idea that no matter who you are, or where you come from, or how you start out, you can overcome the greatest obstacles and fulfill the greatest hopes.” “I’m a testament to that dream,” he said. Through his long presidential campaign and since, Mr. Obama has often seemed to address the issue only when forced to by outside events. . . .—NYTimes

Netsayi—Monkeys’ Wedding  /  Netsayi—George  /  Netsayi—World Sessions film  /  Arthur Ashe  /  Bob Marley and Lauryn Hill  / Lauryn Hill—Doo Wop


The Flowering Rock, Poems by Eric Merton Roach / Kam Williams Interviews Colin Roach

How the U.S. Impoverished Haiti

By Jean Damu

The Non-Sovereign State of Haiti

Its Non-Election for Its Non-Government

Commentaries by Glen Ford, et al


Juan Williams Muzzled (Kam Williams) / A Fictional Interview with Obama  / Haiti: Where Negritude First Stood on Its Feet

SNCC Freedom Singers: If You Miss Me from the Back of the Bus   / Keep Your Eyes on the Prize  /  This Little Light of Mine  / Nobody Gonna’ Turn Me Round

Gil Scott-Heron 1 of 6Gil Scott-Heron 2 of 6  /  Gil Scott-Heron 3 of 6Gil Scott-Heron 4 of 6  /  Gil Scott-Heron 5 of 6  /  Gil Scott-Heron 6 of 6

Haitian quake survivors to arrive in Senegal

Dakar, Senegal—Senegal’s president says he’s honoring a promise to offer a home to Haitians recovering from January’s catastrophic earthquake. The West African nation has chartered a special flight to bring 160 Haitian students to Senegal on Tuesday. The students will finish their studies in Senegal. President Abdoulaye Wade says he’ll greet them at the airport. Wade offered free land to Haitians after the Jan. 12 earthquake that killed tens of thousands of people. Haiti and Senegal were both French colonies, and Wade said Haitians were sons and daughters of Africa. Senegal’s GDP per capita is only marginally higher than Haiti’s, and the country is plagued by massive unemployment. Every year thousands of Senegalese men risk their lives trying to reach Europe in flimsy boats.—Google AP

Kalamu ya Salaam : Alabama   /  Clifford Brown: You Get Used to It  /  And Then They Laughed  /  Kalamu ya Salaam: A Primary Bibliography

Joshua Bennett—10 Things I Want To Say To A Black Woman  /   Joshua Bennett Performs at the White House Poetry Jam  /  You Are on Indian Land

Wyclef Jean can’t run for president— August 20, 2010—Council spokesman Richard Dumel said election officials have accepted 19 candidacies and rejected 15 others. The Haitian-born singer’s candidacy was turned down because he did not meet the residency requirement of having lived in Haiti for five years before the Nov. 28 election. Jean, whose parents brought him to the United States as a child, has lived off and on in Haiti in recent years. In 2007 he was named roving ambassador to Haiti by President Rene Preval, an appointment he had argued qualified him to run for president of the country. The 40-year-old former Fugees frontman was ensconced in a hotel not far from where the electoral council was deliberating. About an hour before the candidate list was announced, Jean and his entourage left the hotel without speaking to the press. . . . —RGI

The Indignant Generation / Paul Mooney discusses racism in America Paul Mooney—Nigger History Lesson The Black version of Hollywood’s Titantic

New York Ricans from the Hip Hop Zone  / New York Ricans from the Hip Hop Zone — CVitae  / New York Ricans from the Hip Hop Zone — Reviews

The children of José Lake, Sr. host family reunion

ST. MARTIN, Caribbean (2010)—The children of José H. Lake, Sr. (1925-1976) held a family reunion From July 30 to August 1, 2010. The descendants of the late St. Martin newspaper publisher, labor activist, politician, and patriot, participated in a private prayer at their patriarch’s gravesite on this Caribbean island; picnicked at Le Galleon Beach; and attended a dedication service at the Catholic Church in South Reward. Attending the services and activities were Lake children, grandchildren, one great grandchild, and additional family members. This is the second family reunion of the Lake, Sr. descendants. The siblings and their offspring based on other Caribbean islands, in Europe and in the USA that were unable to visit the St. Martin homeland for the weekend celebration were communicated with via the Internet. In photo: Children of José H. Lake, Sr.  pose during the reunion luncheon at the senior citizens center in Hope Estate, St. Martin (8/1/10). (Courtesy CTS photo) For more about the life and times of José H. Lake, Sr., see the book National Symbols of St. Martin

Shirley Sherrod—Fox News Destroying an Innocent Woman to Attack Obama / Rachel Maddow: Black People Are Coming To Get You Part 1 /  Part 2

In-Dependence from Bondage

Claude McKay and Michael Manley

Defying the Ideological Clash and Policy Gaps in African Diaspora Relations

By Lloyd D. McCarthy

Send contributions to: ChickenBones: A Journal / 2005 Arabian Drive / Finksburg, MD 21048I became aware of Rudy Lewis’ labor of love a few short months ago during a visit to Kalamu ya Salaam’s e-drum listserv. As soon as I saw the title of the journal I knew it was about Black folks, and the power of the written word.  A quick click took me into a journal that’s long on creativity, highlighting well-known, little known, and a little known writers, and commitment to the empowerment of Black folks. I contacted Rudy to ask if he’d consider publishing some of my work. His response was immediate, and a couple of days after I’d forwarded some poems to him—they were part of ChickenBones. What I didn’t know was that this journal has been surviving for the last five years with very little outside financial support. . .  If we want journals like this to “thrive” we need to support them with more than our website hits, praise, and submissions for publication consideration.

—Peace, Mary E. Weems (January 2007)                       

Multiracial Trinidad and Tobago elects a woman—The Caribbean island nation of Trinidad and Tobago ushered in a new era on May 24 by electing its first woman Prime Minister, Kamla Persad-Bissessar, a person of Indian origin. She defeated three-term Prime Minister Patrick Manning in a closely fought election. The coalition of parties led by Kamla Persad-Bissessar had stressed its multiracial, “inclusive” character during the campaign to break out of Trinidad’s usual style of politics, which is centred on the two dominant ethnic groups. Facing a no-confidence motion on the grounds of corruption, Manning took the political gamble of calling midterm elections in the hope of catching the opposition parties unprepared. However, Kamla Persad-Bissessar, leader of the United National Congress (UNC), was able to stitch together a coalition of the five main opposition parties. She brought the Congress of the People, the National Joint Action Committee (NJAC), the Movement for Social Justice and the Tobago Organisation of the People into a united coalition for “People’s Partnership”.Flonnet

Gray-Haired Witnesses for Justice / Modern Day Lynching of the Scott Sisters of Mississippi / Free The Scott Sisters / People Get Ready (alicia keys)

Dessalines’ Dream for Haiti

By Ezili Dantò The Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network

Haiti’s Billion Dollar Debt Cancelled

WASHINGTON, Jul 9 The recent cancellation of Haiti’s $1.2 billion debt is a huge victory for the impoverished country, which  will  now have greater resources to invest in “desperately needed relief” for its people, says a coalition of groups fighting poverty worldwide. Debt cancellation will allow Haiti — the poorest nation in the Western Hemisphere — to  redirect significant resources to poverty alleviation efforts and desperately needed public services such as education and health care, notes Jubilee USA. Oneworld

Petition to President-elect Obama‏ Advocates for Justice in Haiti / The Third Hurricane  (Fidel Castro)  /  Jamaica . . . Some Reflections

Ugly showdown seems probable in Puerto Rico

as student strike paralyzes university

A showdown is looming in the student strike that has paralyzed all 11 campuses of the University of Puerto Rico for more than six weeks. Late Tuesday, protest leaders rejected a 4 p.m. deadline from university President José Ramón de la Torre to cease their campus occupations and end the strike, which has kept 65,000 students out of classes since April 21.De la Torre and Puerto Rico’s Gov. Luis Fortuño warned the rebellious students they will seek court orders to have them arrested and removed. The strike, one of the longest and biggest in modern U.S. history, has garnered considerable support from both the university’s faculty and the Puerto Rican  public.

Puerto Rico: Decisive Moment 50 Days into the Student Strike

Peggy Brooks-Bertram, DrPH, PhD and Barbara Seals Nevergold

PhD, Co Editors  of: Go, Tell Michelle: African American Women Write to the New First Lady

CNN Interview—Go, Tell Michelle by Barbara A. Seals Nevergold and Peggy Brooks-Bertram

27 Days

Dedicated to Monsieur Monsignac, his fellow survivors and those passed on

Written by Keenan Norris and Alexandria White

Originally performed by Alexandria White and Darold Rawls at Evergreen Valley College, San Jose, CA

Jimi Hendrix All Along The Watchtower Only a pawn in their game 1963  /  Steal Away—Reverend Pearly Brown / March on Washington  1963

Report on the 10th National Black Writers Conference (Eugene B. Redmond) / Eighty Moods of Maya  / Images and Homages

Haiti: The Land Where Negritude First Stood on Its Feet


By  Rose Ure Mezu, Ph.D.

Mutabaruka: Reggae Sunsplash-1982 / it no good(to stay in a white man country too long /dispel the lie / Spirituality / Blacks In Amerika

Cuba notes 50th anniversary of U.S. declaration of unilateral war—The executive order was equivalent to a declaration of war on a little country that had not attacked the United States, and Eisenhower himself acknowledged in his memoirs what happened next.

“On March 17, 1960 I ordered the Central Intelligence Agency to begin organizing the training of Cuban exiles in Guatemala… Another idea was to set up an anti-Castro force inside Cuba. Some thought the United States should quarantine [i.e., blockade] the island, arguing that if the economy suddenly collapsed, the Cuban people themselves would overthrow Castro,” he wrote.

The result of that direct aggression against Cuba was quickly felt with a huge increase in terrorist attacks, the killing of campesinos by armed bands in the island’s central mountains, and the defeated Bay of Pigs invasion. War had been unilaterally declared. Decades later, that attempt to destroy the Cuban Revolution is still latent within the government of the United States. Granma

On Almost Meeting Alice Walker   A Lie Unravels the World   Lies Truth and Unwaged Housework

 Laurelle “Yaya” Richards was herself a “community center” (Lasana M. Sekou)


Salli Richardson-Whitfield in I Will Follow

Interviewed by Kam Williams

Yaya’s Frock draws large audience

The Frock by Laureurelle “Yaya” Richards

Unforgivable Blackness  / The Divided Soul of Clarence Thomas  / Dark Tourism in Ghana The Joseph  / Luqman Dawood Transaltion

Jan Carew: Mission Within the Mission by Eusi Kwayana.

Green Winter (1965) / The Third Gift (1981) / Children of the Sun (1980)

Fulcrums of Change (1988) / Ghosts in Our Blood: With Malcolm X in Africa, England and the Caribbean (1994) /

Rape of Paradise (2006) The Guyanese Wanderer: Stories (2007)

The Caribbean Review of Books

The Caribbean Review of Books (CRB) is a bimonthly magazine covering Caribbean literature and arts. We focus on reviews of new and recent books of Caribbean fiction, poems, biography, arts, culture, and current affairs, but the CRB also publishes new writing, interviews, and essays on literature and visual arts.

Because our new website, launched in time for our sixth anniversary, marks a shift in medium, but not in purpose, direction, or ambition. As in the twenty-one print editions we published between May 2004 and May 2009, the CRB will continue to provide serious (but not solemn) coverage of contemporary Caribbean books and writing via insightful, intelligent reviews and essays.

 Amite County   Beginning   Kish Mir Tuchas    Black Power   A Tribute to Kwame Toure/Stokely Carmichael


 Still I Rise: A Graphic History of African-Americans

Dog-Heart, A Novel by Diana McCaulay

—the tale of a child caught in the clash between the two Jamaicas

The novel deals seriously with issues of race, class, taking responsibility for social change and the complexity of relationships between people of different backgrounds.  By telling the story in the voice of both the boy, Dexter and the woman, Sahara, Dog-Heart effortlessly highlights the “two Jamaicas” that coexist in one small space. . . . Diana McCaulay is the Chief Executive Officer of the Jamaica Environment Trust, and is an outspoken advocate for Jamaica’s natural environment.  She also wrote a popular opinion column for the Gleaner for many years and her short stories have been published by the journal Caribbean Writer.  She writes a blog called SnailWriter . . .

Nancy Morejon – First International Festival of Poetry of Resistance

John Maxwell  1959 Launch of Jamaican Broadcasting Corporation / Half  a Century of Lies  Haiti’s Great White Hope? Re-inventing Jamaica / The Biggest Jailbreak in History / The Wealth of the Poor / . . . and Olmert Smote the Philistines  /  Israeli Offensive on Gaza Continues

The African Presence in Mexico

The Houston Museum of African American Culture, in collaboration with The Johns Hopkins University Center for Africana Studies and Callaloo Journal, held The African Presence in Mexico Symposium on April 22-23, 2010, at the Houston Museum of Fine Arts in Houston, Texas. This symposium, in which Johns Hopkins history professor Ben Vinson III (on leave in 2010) spoke and moderated a panel about contemporary Afro-Mexicans, examined the history of Africans in Mexico and their contributions to Mexican culture.

The symposium surveyed five centuries of Mexico’s history beginning with the period from 1580-1640 when Mexico had the largest African population in the New World. Symposium sessions covered a myriad of topics including: the African image in early Mexican art, African explorers and cofounders of Spanish settlements in South America and the southwestern United States. Additional sessions examined Slavery and Freedom in Colonial Mexico and Contemporary Afro-Mexicans.

The contributions of key individuals of African descent to Mexico’s history were  presented, like Mexico’s first “black” president, Vicente Guerrero (pictured at left), a formerly enslaved mulatto of Afro-Indian descent. The symposium also featured special sessions for elementary and secondary educators, artists, scholars and the general public. Source:  Horizons:Newsletter of the Center for Africana Studies at JHU, Spring 2010

Rex Nettleford, Jamaican Scholar and Educator, Dies at 76

Rex Nettleford, a Jamaican scholar, educator and choreographer who devoted his life to studying postcolonial Caribbean culture and in the process helped shape it, died in Washington on Feb. 2, one day before his 77th birthday. The cause was catastrophic brain injury following cardiac arrest, Dr. Christopher Junker of the George Washington University Hospital said.  Mr. Nettleford was in Washington to participate in a meeting of experts charged by the United Nations with monitoring the state of racial discrimination around the world. He had been expected in New York for a Jan. 28 fund-raising event for the University of the West Indies, where he had worked for over a half century.

Telegraph Obituary / / Fine Art America  /  Guardian   /  Questia  /  St John Source  / D Space  /

Rivera files: Islam and the West: Competing Fundamentalisms  / Lest We Forget Killens  /  Inside the river of poetry  / Puerto Rican Sovereignty  

GreatThingsHappenin’    Louis Reyes Rivera Interview /  Scattered Scripture   / Mickey  /   Inside the river of poetry

Support Writers Guild of America Strike

On Learning of Walter Rodney’s Death & Other Poems

By Akoli Penoukou

Deng and Alek: Lovers Paradise Lost Short story by Jane Musoke-Nteyafas

Quake Accentuated Chasm That Has Defined Haiti—This is the Pétionville district of Port-au-Prince, a hillside bastion of Haiti’s well-heeled where a mangled sense of normalcy has taken hold after the earthquake in January. Business is bustling at the lavish boutiques, restaurants and nightclubs that have reopened in the breezy hills above the capital, while thousands of homeless and hungry people camp in the streets around them, sometimes literally on their doorstep.

“The rich people sometimes need to step over us to get inside,” said Judith Pierre, 28, a maid who has lived for weeks in a tent with her two daughters in front of Magdoos, a chic Lebanese restaurant where diners relax in a garden and smoke flavored tobacco from hookahs. Chauffeurs for some of the customers inside lined up sport utility vehicles next to Ms. Pierre’s tent on the sidewalk near the entrance. NYtimes

Rivera files: Islam and the West: Competing Fundamentalisms  / Lest We Forget Killens  /  Inside the river of poetry  / Puerto Rican Sovereignty  

GreatThingsHappenin’    Louis Reyes Rivera Interview /  Scattered Scripture   / Mickey  /   Inside the river of poetry

Support Writers Guild of America Strike

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Dr. Walter Rodney: A Historical Class Analysis of Guyanese Society (YouTube)

Video:  One, Two, Three, Four, Five

How US Energy Policy Got Militarized—The association between “energy security” (as it’s now termed) and “national security” was established long ago. President Franklin D. Roosevelt first forged this association way back in 1945, when he pledged to protect the Saudi Arabian royal family in return for privileged American access to Saudi oil. The relationship was given formal expression in 1980, when President Jimmy Carter told Congress that maintaining the uninterrupted flow of Persian Gulf oil was a “vital interest” of the United States, and attempts by hostile nations to cut that flow would be countered “by any means necessary, including military force.” To implement this “doctrine,” Carter ordered the creation of a Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force, specifically earmarked for combat operations in the Persian Gulf area. President Ronald Reagan later turned that force into a full-scale regional combat organization, the U.S. Central Command, or CENTCOM. Every president since Reagan has added to CENTCOM’s responsibilities, endowing it with additional bases, fleets, air squadrons, and other assets. As the country has, more recently, come to rely on oil from the Caspian Sea basin and Africa, U.S. military capabilities are being beefed up in those areas as well. Alternet

Latin America: Still a Long Way to Go, for Black Women

At the age of 17, Meybelin Bernárdez is clear about the future: “When I finish my studies, I’ll return to help my community get on its feet,” the young Garifuna woman from Honduras, who is studying medicine in Cuba, says without hesitation. With her head held high, she adds: “I want to be an example for future generations of women. The conditions we live in are really bad, we have a lot to do for our people.”Her mother, whose skin is as dark as hers, taught her that the most important thing in life is to study. “But a poor black girl like me couldn’t even dream of being a doctor without this scholarship,” she tells IPS. Bernárdez belongs to the Garifuna ethnic group, descendants of African slaves who survived the sinking of two Spanish galleons off the coast of the Caribbean island of St. Vincent in 1635, where they intermarried with members of the local Carib tribe. The Garifuna are estimated to number around 600,000 in Central America, the Caribbean, Mexico and the United States today. Bernárdez’s words summed up the reality faced by the large majority of black women and girls in Latin America – although there are more and more who are actively rebelling against the role of victim of racial discrimination. IPSNews

 Why South Sudan Wants Obama to Lose White House Bid (Mulumba)  / Obama and the Israeli Lobby   (Uri Avnery)

Obama Victory Creates African Excitement  Obama Declares Victory  / An Obama Love Story / Meditation for Obama /   Obama 2008 Table

Peru afro dance of Chincha  / The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao / Junot Díaz

Bamboo Bikes in the Developing World / Idea behind Bamboosero

Black Poetic is a social consciousness raising, performance troupe I belong to that uses poetry to enlighten, inspire, and educate the Black community and the community at large with an emphasis on Black youth.—Peace, Mary

George Lamming. Sovereignty of the Imagination: Language and the Politics of Ethnicity – Conversations III

Political philosophy, Literature, Caribbean history, Language studies. According to Prof. Anthony Bogues, The Sovereignty of the Imagination gives us that capacity for language and therefore the ability to name and establish categories. But this is not just a literary capacity; it allows us to define freedom. George Lamming recognizes the centrality of the quest for freedom for the social group that he calls ‘this world of men and women from down below.’ George Lamming is an illustrious Caribbean novelist and cultural critic from Barbados. His novels and volumes of essays and literary criticism offer insightful analyses on history, western philosophy, racism, colonization, education, literature and Caribbean independence.

Du Bois-Malcolm-King / Beyond Vietnam A Time to Break Silence / I Have a Dream / MLK Chronology / Harry Reid and the Demagogues

UWI honours sixteen of the Regions beacons

Dunstan St. Omer, Peggy Antrobus, Arnold Rampersad, Angela Cropper,  Christopher Laird, 

Robert B. Riley, Mr. Yesu Persaud,  Zelma Edgell, Lloyd Erskine Sandiford, Paul Bernard Altman, Frederick Ballantyne Colin A Palmer, Anne Walmsley,  Oliver F. Clarke,

John Maxwell, John Issa .

An Interview with Gerardo Hernandez, Leader of the Cuban Five—Infiltrating Alpha 66—This conversation took place on April 1, 2009. Our film crew received Justice Department approval to talk with “the prisoner,” with a prison official in the room. Before his 1998 arrest, Gerardo Hernandez directed the operations of the other Cuban State Security agents who infiltrated violent groups in the Miami area for the purposes of stopping them from carrying our terrorist attacks on tourist sites in Cuba. We took complete and careful notes. Counterpunch


 Filmmaker Molefi K. Asante, Jr. opens St. Martin Book Fair  

in Marigot, June 4, 2009, 8pm


Christophe,  Pétion & Dessalines Counter  Bonaparte ‘s Invasion of St. Domingo

Hurricane Devastation in Cuba and Haiti

Bush administration’s heartless lack of compassion for poor countries.

By Miriam DeCosta-Willis

Haiti’s Human Wreckage  “I have never seen anything as painful”   no identifying the dead

After Hurricane Ike, Haiti needs `flood of helicopters’—With Haiti’s major bridges crumbled, roadways flooded and an estimated one million people homeless, humanitarian and government groups struggled Monday to push relief supplies into the country and throughout the storm-ravaged Caribbean. Four storms in rapid succession have demolished patches of the Caribbean from Cuba to Hispaniola to Jamaica to the Turks and Caicos Islands to the Bahamas, killing more than 350 people, sinking entire towns and hampering aid efforts. ”We need a flood of helicopters because there is a lot of food coming into Port-au-Prince and it cannot reach the provinces,” Haitian President René Préval said in an interview with The Miami Herald. In Haiti, rescue groups have no access to many interior villages across the southern region and to hard-hit Gonaives, north of the capital, which was cut off when a bridge collapsed. A Red Cross truck trying to reach Les Cayes on the southern coast had to turn back because of impassable roads. ”The flooding is more extensive than people realize, and it’s awful how little relief has been able to get into Gonaives and other areas,” said Dr. Arthur Fournier, a University of Miami physician who co-founded Project Medishare, a charity that transports medical aid to Haiti. Thousands of Haitians have been living in hospitals as temporary shelters, Fournier said. ”They are going to be stuck there for a long time,” he said. “They don’t have homes to go back to.” Local, national and international groups worry that a secondary disaster could arise from water-borne diseases. Fournier’s group is trying to send LifeStraws to Haiti — hand-held devices that purify water. Humanitarian workers said the most crucial supplies they need is water, sanitation items and food. . . . In South Florida, meanwhile, politicians, charities and Caribbean-American coalitions called on people to send cash and supplies to the region. MiamiHerald

Che’s Afterlife: The Legacy of an Image (2009)

By Michael Casey


Mr. Casey has written a book that is not only a cultural history of an image, but also a sociopolitical study of the mechanisms of fame. It is a book about how ideas travel and mutate in this age of globalization, how concepts of political ideology have increasingly come to be trumped by notions of commerce and cool and chic, and how the historical Che Guevara gave way, post-mortem, to a host of other Ches . . . After Che was killed in Bolivia in October 1967 at 39, at the end of a disastrous guerrilla campaign, his fame and popularity — as a martyr now — spread even more rapidly around the world. NYTimes  Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War

EU’s lifted sanctions could be turning point for Cuba—On June 19, at a summit in Brussels, the European Union announced that it would lift its diplomatic sanctions against Cuba. The gesture was predominantly symbolic, as the restraints, which had been put in place in 2003, had been temporarily suspended since 2005. The decision came about largely due to Spain’s 2005 initiative to normalize its relations with Cuba, despite opposition from several other EU members. While the EU’s sanctions only froze development aid and visits to Cuba by high-level European officials, the move to lift them signals a commitment to increased dialogue and openness between the EU and Havana. It will surely have positive effects not just for Cuba but for the EU’s currently frosty relationship with Latin America over immigration issues. Perhaps most importantly, it serves as a contrast to the hard-line policy of the United States, which has maintained an unbending trade embargo against Cuba since 1964. Spectrezine

Haitians Forced to Eat Dirt

An Editorial by Rudolph Lewis

Genocide a la bonne femme

By John Maxwell

The Revolutionary Potential of Haiti  Nobody ever chose to be a slave   Haiti on the UN Occupation

Why is Cuba Exporting Its Health Care Miracle To The World’s Poor—The offer of medical training is just one way Cuba has reached out to the United States. . . . .When an earthquake struck Pakistan . . . that country’s government warmly welcomed the Cuban medical professionals. And 2,300 came, bringing 32 field hospitals to remote, frigid regions of the Himalayas. There, they set broken bones, treated ailments, and performed operations for a total of 1.7 million patients. The disaster assistance is part of Cuba’s medical aid mission that has extended from Peru to Indonesia, and even included caring for 17,000 children sickened by the 1986 accident at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in the Ukraine. It isn’t only in times of disaster that Cuban health care workers get involved. Some 29,000 Cuban health professionals are now practicing in 69 countries—mostly in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Africa. In Venezuela, about 20,000 of them have enabled President Hugo Chávez to make good on his promise to provide health care to the poor. In the shantytowns around Caracas and the banks of the Amazon, those who organize themselves and find a place for a doctor to practice and live can request a Cuban doctor. Common Dreams


Holguin Siempre Adelante

An Artistic Journey by Claire Carew

Homage to Frida Kahlo 1907 to 2007

Why is Cuba Exporting Its Health Care Miracle To The World’s Poor—The offer of medical training is just one way Cuba has reached out to the United States. . . . .When an earthquake struck Pakistan . . . that country’s government warmly welcomed the Cuban medical professionals. And 2,300 came, bringing 32 field hospitals to remote, frigid regions of the Himalayas. There, they set broken bones, treated ailments, and performed operations for a total of 1.7 million patients. The disaster assistance is part of Cuba’s medical aid mission that has extended from Peru to Indonesia, and even included caring for 17,000 children sickened by the 1986 accident at the Chernobyl nuclear plant in the Ukraine. It isn’t only in times of disaster that Cuban health care workers get involved. Some 29,000 Cuban health professionals are now practicing in 69 countries—mostly in Latin America, the Caribbean, and Africa. In Venezuela, about 20,000 of them have enabled President Hugo Chávez to make good on his promise to provide health care to the poor. In the shantytowns around Caracas and the banks of the Amazon, those who organize themselves and find a place for a doctor to practice and live can request a Cuban doctor. Common Dreams

Thousands visit scene of Che’s death 40 years ago—Tens of thousands of disciples of the revolutionary leader Che Guevara made the pilgrimage to Ville Grande in the Bolivian jungle yesterday – the spot where he was executed exactly 40 years ago. . . . And in a further mark of the extent to which the revolutionary outlaw has been transformed into an establishment hero in Bolivia, Che’s portrait now hangs in the office of President Evo Morales – the country’s first indigenous leader. Mr Morales’s election, subsequent promises to re-distribute land and oil and gas profits, and his closeness to Venezuela’s Hugo Chaves and Cuba’s Fidel Castro, have been labelled part of a new brand of Latin American socialism. Che’s revolutionary zeal was inspired during his travels around South America as a young man, witnessing first hand the impoverished conditions in which people lived. He joined Castro’s revolution in Cuba in 1959 and left six years later with the intention of fomenting further revolution but was shot dead in a operation supported by the CIA. Independent

The Wrong Experience—Obama has advocated easing the Bush-imposed ban on Cuban-Americans visiting the island and sending money to their relatives. He makes a broader case for a new Cuba policy, arguing that capitalism, trade and travel will help break the regime’s stranglehold on the country and help open things up. Clinton immediately disagreed, firmly supporting the current policy. This places her in the strange position of arguing, in effect, that her husband’s Cuba policy was not hard-line enough. But this is really not the best way to understand Clinton’s position. In all probability, she actually agrees with Obama’s stand. She is just calculating that it would anger Cuban-Americans in Florida and New Jersey. This is the problem with Hillary Clinton. . . . The Clintons’ careers have been shaped by the belief that for a Democrat to succeed, he or she had to work within this conservative ideological framework. Otherwise one would be pilloried for being weak on national security, partial to taxes and big government and out of touch with Middle America’s social values. CubaWatch

Vilma’s Struggles


 By Fidel Castro Ruz

Fidel Castro May Day Speech 2007  It Is Imperative to Have an Energy Revolution / Global News: Politics—Literature & the Arts

South American Countries Agree to Found Banco Del Sur—Seven South American countries agreed to establish Banco del Sur, a regional development bank championed by Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, in an effort to expand regional trade and growth with their own resources. Chavez, Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva and the presidents of Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Paraguay and Uruguay will inaugurate the bank on Nov. 3, in Caracas according the “Declaration of Rio de Janeiro” signed by finance ministry officials of the seven countries today. “Banco del Sur is the beginning of a new financial architecture for the South,” said Rodrigo Cabezas, Venezuela’s finance minister, in comments to reporters in Rio de Janeiro. “Our development won’t be put at the service of other countries.” Today’s meeting included officials from Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Bolivia, Ecuador and Venezuela. Chavez proposed the bank as part of a drive to counter the influence of the U.S. in Latin America and use oil profits from record high crude prices to finance social and economic development programs. Brazil has resisted efforts to use the bank as an alternative to the International Monetary Fund and is opposed to using bank funds to support currencies. Jeb Blount Bloomberg

Race Struggle is Class Struggle A Review of  In-Dependence from Bondage  (Lewis) /  Manley’s Legacy / Southern Needs   

This useful collection of essays originated as conference papers presented at the College of Charleston in October 1998 [reaches] the interesting, and surprising, conclusion that the Haitian Revolution often mattered more as a disputed symbol than as an actual vehicle of historical change. Abolitionists, planters, slaves, and even German reformers endlessly discussed its meaning and potential ramifications even when they were not directly impacted. Politicians in Colombia and the United States analyzed the revolution not because of its actual significance to their everyday life but as a yardstick by which to measure local political sensibilities. The revolution, in a way, was a postmodernist event that mattered not for its substance but because the way it was portrayed in individual discourses revealed the fears and aspirations of each author. David P. Geggus, ed. The Impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World. (2001) Philippe R. Girard, McNeese State University

From Birmingham Alabama to Qana Lebanon   It Ain’t About Race   Healing Wisdom of Mexico  Sitting ducks at the superdome  Giving Voice Through Art

 Toussaint Table /  Chronology  /    Boukman and His Comrades  /  “More Than Just A Man” (Early Years)  /   The Betrayal, Arrest, &  Death   








Free Trade Is Harmful in Colombia 

By Dr. Keith Jennings

A Rising Voice: Afro-Latin Americans

  Haiti on the UN Occupation on the 92nd anniversaryof the first US occupation of Haiti (1915- 1934)   Haiti Cherie The Revolutionary Potential of Haiti  Nobody ever chose to be a slave  

W.E.B. Du Bois’s Papers to Be Digitized for Viewing Online  / Afrolatinos—The Untaught Story Documentary / Bob Marley feat. Erykah Badu

Bill Clinton Gives 500,000 to Sean Penn for Haiti—By Mary Green—Sean Penn just got the ultimate seal of approval: President Clinton announced his support of Penn’s ongoing work in Haiti with a half a million-dollar donation. The Clinton Foundation donated $500,000 to Penn’s charity, J/P Haitian Relief Organization. The money will provide for bridge funding for a camp in Petionville, which is run by the group. . . . President Clinton said. “In the interim, our commitment to the Petionville camp, managed by J/P HRO, will ensure the 55,000 people living there, including many children, can access health care, education, and job training services until families are able to move into more permanent homes.” “The support of President Clinton and the Clinton Foundation is an extraordinary boost in our organization’s ability to continue its work in Haiti,” Penn told PEOPLE. “From the beginning the Clinton Foundation staff and leadership have generously shared expertise and essential logistical support.”—People


Alberto O. Cappas — Doña Julia Review   Cappas Bio  Nubian Voices   Doña Julia    Her Borinquen   Haiti in Puerto Rico  My Home

Haiti Cherie—The director stressed that while the film’s plot was fictional, the experiences suffered by the characters were completely realistic.”I wanted to show what life is like in the ‘bateyes’,” Del Punta said, referring to the encampments set up on the outskirts of the sugar plantations where the cane cutters are forced to live. The workers live crowded together in the communal bateyes which usually lack running water, toilets, electricity and cooking facilities, as well as health care services and schools. There are some 400 bateyes scattered across the Dominican Republic. The cane cutters toil for up to 14 hours a day for what  human rights organisation Amnesty International has termed “derisory wages” (typically the equivalent of $2.5 a day), while some are paid in vouchers which can only be used at plantation stores. The freedom of workers to leave the bateyes is also often restricted, turning them into virtual prisons that are patrolled by armed guards. A March 2007 report by Amnesty International detailed its long-standing concerns regarding discrimination, racism and xenophobia against Haitian migrants living in the neighbouring Dominican Republic and particularly its bateyes. Italian Film Helps Haitian Plantation Workers  Life in Italy

Christophe,  Pétion & Dessalines Counter  Bonaparte ‘s Invasion of St. Domingo


Pediatrician Eliseo Rosario Dreams Like Roberto Clemente

Danny Torres Interviews Dr. Eliseo Rosario

Clines Reflects on Clemente, Stargell, and the Team of Color

Books By George Lamming

In the Castle of My Skin (1953), The Emigrants (1954), Of Age and Innocence (1958), Season of Adventure (1960), and  – The Pleasure of Exile (essays, 1960)

Conversations II: Western Education and the Caribbean Intellectual  (2000)  /  Black World (March 1973)  /  Canon Shot and Glass Beads (1974)

The History of the Guyanese Working People, 1881-1905 (1981)  / Natives of My Person (1972)  / Water with Berries  (1972)


Elizabeth Nunez emigrated from Trinidad, where she was born, to the United States of America after she completed secondary school. She is presently a CUNY Distinguished Professor of English at Medgar Evers College, the City University of New York, where she designed, developed and implemented many of the college’s first major academic programs.

She received her Ph.D. and Masters degrees in English from New York University, and her B.A. degree in English from Marian College in Wisconsin.

With John Oliver Killens, she founded the National Black Writers Conference sponsored by the National Endowment for the Humanities, and was director of the conference from 1986 to 2000. 

Books by Elizabeth Nunez

Prospero’s Daughter: A Novel  / Grace: A Novel / Stories from Blue-Latitudes:Caribbean Women Writers at Home and Abroad


Bruised Hibiscus When Rocks Dance / Discretion  /  Beyond the Limbo Silence


Defining Ourselves: Black Writers in the 90s

Anna in-Between

By Elizabeth Nunez

As a member of a privileged class in Trinidad, Anna is also caught between the democratic ideals of North America and the old colonial values that are preserved by compliance with unspoken rules of privacy and “knowing one’s place.” . . . The characters “know their place” and do not want to disturb the boundaries. Anna, on the other hand, while cognizant of the social constraints tries to break through her parents’ frame of reference because of the limits they place on her connection with her mother, who enforces colonial mores in nearly every social interaction . . . I usually develop an immediate disdain for books in which the main character is a writer or editor, but . . . Anna’s knowledge of literature (from Shakespeare to Derek Walcott) and music (from Bach to Nat King Cole and calypso) doesn’t seem forced and her musings place the action within a historical and cultural context. With Anna In-Between, Elizabeth Nunez, the author of many other award winning novels such as Prospero’s Daughter, has written the quintessential Caribbean-American novel. GeoffreyPhilp

The Bandana Republic

A Literary Anthology

by Gang Members and Their Affiliates

Edited by Louis Reyes Rivera and Bruce George

Filiberto Ojeda Rios

& Puerto Rican Sovereignty

By Louis Reyes Rivera

Louis Reyes Rivera Interview  Inside the River of Poetry 

Encounter of Europe and Native American — Files:  Aristotle and America to 1550  / Pre-Reformation Religious Ideas  /  Indian Question

Books: The Columbian Exchange  (2003) / Europe and the People without History (1982) / Aristotle and the American Indians (1959) 

The Fall of Natural Man: The American Indian and the Origins of Comparative Ethnology (1982)  / The Conquest of America: The Question of the Other (1984) 

  Genesis (1985), Faces and Masks (1987) . Century of the Wind (1988)  /  The Vision of the Vanquished (1977)

 Maya Society under Colonial Rule: The Collective Enterprise of Survival (1984) 

 Huarochiri: An Andean Society under Inca and Spanish Rule (1984)  /  Resistance, Rebellion and Consciousness in the Andean Peasant World, 18th to 20th Centuries (1987) 

 Riot, Rebellion and Revolution: Rural Social Conflict in Mexico (1988)  / Indian & Jesuit A Seventh Century Encounter (1982) 

 Harvest of Violence: The Maya Indians and the Guatemalan Crisis (1988) 

 The first social experiments in America: A study in the development of Spanish Indian policy in the sixteenth century. 1964


Hugo Chávez Interview

By Greg Palast

Sex, Love & Relationships: African Women Struggling with Love  / Black Brothers And Their White Chics  /  A Rejoinder To Black Brothers . . .White Chics  

 Some Brothers Do Have ‘Em  / Women We Hate / Contemporary African Women Struggling with Love /  Equality in African Relationships  Negro Psychosexuality / Exploring Sexuality from a Black Perspective / Black Erotica, & Revolutionary Love   / Kalamu’s Feminist Erotica


How To Love A Thinking Man (poem)  How to Love a Thinking Woman (poem)  / Toward a Feminist Theology 

/ Feminism in Africa 

 To White Women Who Think /

We’re in Love, But You Don’t Know Me  / 

On Marriage Equality  /  Impotence Need Not Be Permanent 

Jamaican Sources and African American Visions

The Art of Bernard Hoyes

By Paul Von Blum, J.D. Lecturer UCLA 

Missing People in New Orleans—Its figures paint a dramatic picture of jobs and housing decline in the central city area. During the storm’s aftermath, thousands of residents were evacuated from the city. Two years later, one in three households have still not returned, and the population has dropped from 455,000 to 274,000. Poor households with children are particularly likely to have stayed away, with the number of children in public schools at only 40% of its pre-Katrina level. To some extent, migrants from Mexico and Central America have replaced Afro-Americans in New Orleans, with an estimated additional 100,000 Hispanic people in the region. They have been attracted by some of the relatively well-paying jobs in construction and tourism. Looking for jobs—But overall, the News Orleasn metro area employs 113,000 fewer people than in August 2005, and the pace of job creation has slowed to a crawl. The biggest declines were in tourism jobs (down 24,500), government jobs (down 29,000) and healthcare jobs (down 23,000). And 4,000 smaller firms closed after the storm. “We apparently are at a place where the post-storm employment recovery is peaking,” said demographer Elliot Stonecipher. “Those categorical drops in jobs paint a picture of a devastated economy and we have to stop acting like they didn’t happen.”  Steve Schifferes. Two years on, New Orleans stalls News BBC


Speech by President Hugo Chávez     The Venezuela Connection  Black and Indian Power  The Venezuelan Revolution  Hugo Chávez Interview

David P. Geggus, ed. The Impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World.  University of South Carolina Press, 2001. (Review)

A Conversation with  Edwidge Danticat Author of The Dew Breaker / Out of the Shadows (article)


Sekou files: 37 Poems, newest book    Salt Reaper      Tortured Fragments   Visit & Fellowship II   Sekou Knighted  Nidaa Khoury  Haiti 200


Lasana Sekou in Oxford Poetry Book 

and Caribbean Encyclopedia

By Jacqueline Sample

  Shake Keane – The St. Vincent Connection

Dr. Acklyn Lynch Bibliography

African Civilizations in the New World

(Roger Bastide) /

 Caribbean  Slave Society and Economy (Beckles & Shepherd, eds.)

 Caribbean Freedom: Post Slave Society and Economy(Beckles &  Shepherd, eds.) /  Caribbean Slavery in the Atlantic World( Beckles & Shepherd, eds.)

 Women Race and Class

(Angela Davis)  /

The Wretched of the Earth (Fanon) /  There is a River



 Black Jacobins



Slaves Who Abolished Slavery: Blacks in Rebellion



A Different Drummer

(Kelley)  /

 Slave Society in Cuba During the 19th. Century

(Knight)  /

 Puerto Rico: Freedom and Power in the Caribbean

(Lewis) /

Nightmare Overhanging Darkly : Essays on Culture and Resistance


 Praise Song for The Widow

(Marshall)  /

 Slavery and Social Death

(Patterson)  /

 How Europe Underdeveloped Africa


 The Story of The Jamaican People (Sherlock and Bennett) /  Eric. From Columbus to Castro: The History of the Caribbean, 1492 -1969 (Williams)



Nestor Hernandez 1960- 2006

Cuban Photographer Dies


Open Gate An Anthology of Haitian Creole Poetry (2001) by Paul Laraque and Jack Hirschman 

Interview with Caryl Phillips

Books by Caryl Phillips

Crossing the River The Atlantic Sound  / The State of Independence / Cambridge / The European Tribe

Extravagant Strangers The Nature of Blood / A Distant Shore / Final Passage Dancing in the Dark / Forigners /

Cuba: A BookList The Autobiography of a Slave / Bridges to Cuba/Puentes a Cuba  / Fidel Castro and the Quest for a Revolutionary Culture in Cuba

Reyita: The Life of a Black Cuban Woman in the Twentieth Century  /  Singular Like a Bird: The Art of Nancy Morejon  / Caliban and Other Essays

In the Spirit of Wandering Teachers: Cuban Literacy Campaign / Santeria Aesthetics  / Castro’s Cuba, Cuba’s Fidel  / Man-making Words /Afro-Cuban Voices

Nicolas Guillen: Popular Poet of the Caribbean  /   The Altar of My Soul: The Living Tradition of Santeria Cuba: After the Revolution

Castro, the Blacks, and Africa (Carlos Moore) African Presence in the Americas (Carlos Moore, et al)



Poems by Drisana Deborah Jack

Introduction  saturday night  a poet’s farewell  waterpoem 5

Toussaint’s Memoir, Written in a French Prison Fort-de-Joux (French Jura)


A Basket to Carry Water

By John Maxwell

Time Longer Than Rope   So Poor, So Black!  Losing New Orleans   Bush in Check

   John Maxwell Table  A Week as Long as the Titanic The Duty of a Leader  Giving Genocide a Bad Name The Human Factor    The ‘Pottery Barn Rules’  

Hubert Cole. Christophe: King of Haiti. New York: The Viking Press, 1967

Send contributions to: ChickenBones: A Journal /  13219 Kientz Road / Jarratt, VA 23867  — I became aware of Rudy Lewis’ labor of love a few short months ago during a visit to Kalamu ya Salaam’s e-drum listserv. As soon as I saw the title of the journal I knew it was about Black folks, and the power of the written word.  A quick click took me into a journal that’s long on creativity, highlighting well-known, little known, and a little known writers, and commitment to the empowerment of Black folks. I contacted Rudy to ask if he’d consider publishing some of my work. His response was immediate, and a couple of days after I’d forwarded some poems to him—they were part of ChickenBones. What I didn’t know was that this journal has been surviving for the last five years with very little outside financial support. . .  If we want journals like this to “thrive” we need to support them with more than our website hits, praise, and submissions for publication consideration.

—Peace, Mary E. Weems (January 2007)

Eric Roach and the Flowering Rock

West Indian Narrative An Introductory Anthology Edited by Kenneth Ramchand / Part One  Part Two  Part Three  Part Four  Part Five



Rudy Interviews

Herbert Rogers on Cuban Life & Culture


Cuba Photo-Exhibit   Cuban BookList  A Labor of Genuine Love 

The Literary Contributions of the French West Indian  by Mercer Cook


Feminism and the Criminalization of MasculinityBy Aduku Addae

Sex, Love & Relationships: African Women Struggling with Love  / Black Brothers And Their White Chics  /  A Rejoinder To Black Brothers . . .White Chics   Feminism in Africa / Some Brothers Do Have ‘Em  / Women We Hate / Contemporary African Women Struggling with Love /  Equality in African Relationships 

Negro Psychosexuality / Exploring Sexuality from a Black Perspective  /  Feminism, Black Erotica, & Revolutionary Love  / Kalamu’s Feminist Erotica

How To Love A Thinking Man (poem)  How to Love a Thinking Woman (poem)  / Toward a Feminist Theology  / To White Women Who Think

We’re in Love, But You Don’t Know Me  / 

On Marriage Equality  /  Impotence Need Not Be Permanent 

Fidel & Cuban Culture Fidel My Early Years  /  Fidel Bio  /  Reminiscences of the Cuban Revolutionary War  / Cuba Photo-Exhibit   /  Cuban BookList 

Jimmy Carter on Cuban-American Relations  /  Herbert Rogers on Cuba  Nicohola Guillen  Ajiaco Christianity  Santeria The Beliefs and Rituals   

The Quest for the Cuban Christ  Pedro Pérez Sarduy


Haiti after the Press Went Home

By Thabo Mbeki

I Am an African  John Maxwell Table  Toussaint Table 

Books on Africa, the Diaspora & Politics of Exile

Timothy Brennan. Salman Rushdie and the Third World: Myths of the Nation (1989)

Edourad Gissant. Caribbean Doscourse (2004)  /  Barbara Harlow. Resistance Literature (1987)

C.L.R. James. The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution (1938)

Kent Johnson A Nation of Poets: Writings from the Poetry Workshops of Nicaragua (1985) /

Josaphat B. Kubayanda. The Poet’s Africa: Africanness in the Poetry of Nicolas Guillen and Aime Cesaire (1990)

George Lamming. The Pleasures of Exile (1992)  / Dinah Livingston.  Poets of the Nicaraguan Revolution (1993)

Edward W. Said. Culture and Imperialism (1993)  / Ian Isidore Smart. Nicolas Guillen: Popular Poet of the Caribbean (1990)

Penny M. Von Eschen. Race Against Empire: Black Americans and Anticolonialism, 1937-19 (1997)

Ngugi wa Thiong’o Writers in Politics: A Re-engagement with Issues of Literature & Society (1997) /

In Memory of

Max Wilson

Professor of  Philosophy

(Morgan State University)

Chair, Department of Philosophy

(Howard University)

friend and mentor

Langston Hughes and the Caribbean

Martha Cobb. Harlem,  Haiti, and Havana: A comparative critical study of Langston Hughes, Jacques Roumain, Nicolás Guillén. 1979.

Faith Berry. Before & Beyond Harlem: Biography of Langston Hughes. 1995.  / Onwuchekwa Jemie Langston Hughes: An Introduction to the Poetry (1985)

Edward J. Mullen. Langston Hughes in the Hispanic World and Haiti (1971)  /  Jonathan Scott Socialist Joy in the Writing of Langston Hughes. 2006


Jacques Roumain. Masters of the Dew (1944)

René Maran. Batouala (1921) /  Mercer Cook and Stephen Henderson The Militant Black Writer in Africa and the United States (1969)

Miguel A. De La Torre: The Quest for the Cuban Christ  / Table of Contents /  Ajiaco Christianity Dissertation / Santeria The Beliefs and Rituals


Books by and About C.L.R James

Minty Allen (a novel, 1936) /  World Revolution, 1917-1936: The Rise and Fall of the Communist International (1937)  / A History of Negro Revolt (1938)

   The Black Jacobins: A Study of Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution (1938; 1963)

Mariners, Renegades, and Castaways: Herman Melville and the World We Live In (1953), Party Politics in the West Indies (1962)

 Beyond a Boundary (1963)  / A History of Pan-African Revolt (1995)  / Facing-Reality  (2006)  /  C.L.R. James on the Negro Question  (1996)  /

Marxism-Our-Times-Revolutionary-Organization   (1999)  /  State Capitalism & World Revolution   (1986)  /   Nkrumah and the Ghana Revolution  (1978)

 A Majestic Innings: Writings on Cricket  (2006)  / C.L.R.James: A Life (2001)  /  Beyond Boundaries: C.L.R. James: Theory and Practice (2006)  /

The Letters of C. L. R. James to Constance Webb, 1939-1948  (2007)  / Rethinking Race, Politics and Poetics: C.L.R. James’ Critique of Modernity (2007)

Claude McKay Bio 

Black Consciousness Poet—Claude McKay  / The Life and Times of Black Poet Claude McKay

By  Arthur Edgar E. Smith






The Quest for the Cuban Christ   Table of Contents  Foreword  

Santeria The Beliefs and Rituals  Ajiaco Christianity 

Bill Clinton: Haiti’s Neo-Colonial Overlord—by Ashley Smith—18 November 2010—Clinton succeeded in getting Aristide to moderate his program of social reform and drop tariffs on rice to the advantage of U.S. Agribusiness. He then compelled Aristide’s successor, Rene Preval, to further deregulate the economy successfully turning Haiti into the most free market economy in the Western Hemisphere, and consequently its poorest. Confronted with this evidence, he recently apologized for impoverishing the lives of peasant farmers in Haiti. . . . .After the second U.S.-backed coup against Aristide in 2004, Clinton has worked with former World Bank employee Paul Collier, multinational corporations and the Haitian elite to impose another free-market plan on Haiti. While U.N. troops have occupied Haiti since 2004, Clinton and Collier toured the country promoting sweatshops, tourism, and export-oriented agriculture. After the devastating January 2010 earthquake in Port au Prince, Clinton became co-chair of Interim Haiti Recovery Commission. He is now the country’s neo-colonial overlord.—BlackAgendaReport


Additional Files


Toussaint L’Ouverture & Haiti Toussaint Table Toussaint Chronology  Toussaint Table 

Christophe,  Pétion & Dessalines Counter Bonaparte ‘s Invasion of St. Domingo

Experiment in Haiti

The  Galbaud Revolt & Villate Affair by François Duvalier and Lorimer Denis

The Impact of the Haitian Revolution

Toussaint’s Memoir    

The 200th Anniversary  of the Haitian Independence

Wordsworth’s Toussaint 

Aduku Addae

The ABCs of Class Struggle  

Feminism and the Criminalization of Masculinity

Manley’s Legacy A Blemish on Our History 

Marxism Irrelevant?   

Reflecting on “Love Puny Bad” Negotiating Misogynistic Masculinity in Dancehall Culture

The Sting Oracle Ninja Man, Jamaican Politics & the Gun

The Struggle in Haiti



Alberto O. Cappas  Never Too Late to Make a U-Turn


     Cappas Bio   

     Doña Julia 

     Doña Julia and Other Selected Poems  

     Haiti in Puerto Rico 

     Her Borinquen  

     My Home

Arturo Sandoval in Baltimore by Amin Sharif

Caryl Phillips


A Distant Shore A Novel

Interview with Caryl Phillips

Claude McKay Novelist & Poet


*   *   *   *   *

Cuba An African Odyssey is the previously untold story of Cuba’s support for African revolutions.

Cuba: An African Odyssey is the story of the Cold War told through the prism of its least known arena: Africa. It is the untold story of Cuba’s support for African revolutions.  It is the story of men like Patrice Lumumba, Amilcar Cabral, Agosthino Neto and of course Che Guevara who have become icons, mythical figures whose names are now synonymous with the word revolution. This is the story of how these men, caught between capitalism and communism, strove to create a third bloc that would assert the simple principle of national independence.  It is the story of a whole dimension of world politics during the last half of the 20th century, which has been hidden behind the facade of a simplistic understanding of superpower conflict.

Cuba: An African Odyssey will tell the inside story of only three of these Cuban escapades. We will start with the Congo where Che Guevara personally spent seven months fighting with the Pro-Lumumbist rebellion in the jungle of Eastern Congo. Then to Guinea Bissau where Amilcar Cabral used the technical support of Cuban advisors to bleed the Portuguese colonial war machine thus toppling the regime in Europe. Finally, Angola where in total 380,000 Cuban soldiers fought during the 27 years of civil war. The Cuban withdrawal from Angola was finally bartered against Namibia’s independence. With Namibia’s independence came the fall of Apartheid… the last vestige of colonialism on the African continent.

Cuba: An African Odyssey unravels episodes of the Cold War long believed to be nothing but proxy wars. From the tragicomic epic of Che Guevara in Congo to the triumph at the battle of Cuito Carnavale in Angola, this film attempts to understand the world today through the saga of these internationalists who won every battle but finally lost the war.

Credits: Written, directed and narrated by Jihan El-Tahri / Edited by Gilles Bovon / Photography by Frank-Peter Lehmann

Sound Recordists: James Baker, Graciela Barrault / Produced by Tancrède Ramonet, Benoît Juster, Jihan El-Tahri

Source: Snagfilms

*   *   *   *   *


Hans Koning

Death of a Nation


Herbert Rogers


Cuban BookList 

Cuba Photo-Exhibit   

A Labor of Genuine Love

Herbert Rogers, Enoch Pratt Librarian on Cuban Life & Culture

Jan Carew Mission within the Mission by Eusi Kwayana.


John Maxwell John Maxwell Table 


Beyond the Law . . .

The Cannibal Army 

A Nation in Disgrace  

Open Letter to Gerd Jarchow

People in Shame    

Empire of Fear




lasana m. sekou


     Haiti 200

     Tortured Fragments   

     Visit & Fellowship II


Louis Reyes Rivera 

     (compulsion strikes the witness)

     Inside the river of poetry   

     Interview  by Rudolph Lewis

     jorge’s journey 

     Lest we Forget Killens

     Notes for (jorge’s journey) 

     On the Passing of Rich Bartee

     Rivera Bio

     Scattered Scripture

     Writers’ Workshop   

Max Wilson Professor of  Philosophy


Nicholas Guillén Cuban Poet  (1902-1989) 


Open Gate An Anthology of Haitian Creole Poetry (2001) by Paul Laraque and Jack Hirschman 


Raquel Z. Rivera Rivera Vitae


     New York Ricans from the Hip Hop Zone

     Table of Contents   

Related files

Aristotle and America

Indian Question  

Pre-Reformation Religious Ideas  

West Indian Literature

A Conversation with Edwidge Danticat Author of The Dew Breaker

The Literary Contributions of the French West Indian by Mercer Cook

West Indian Narrative An Introductory Anthology Edited by Kenneth Ramchand

     Part One  Part Two  Part Three  Part Four  Part Five



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