ChickenBones: A Journal
for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes
Blacks, Unions, & Organizing in the South, 1956-1996
A DOCUMENTARY HISTORY
Compiled by Rudolph Lewis
Fred Punch & 1199 Workers
Hopkins Hospital Hit by Hour-Long Walkout
by Hollace Weiner, Staff Reporter
The News American
(Monday, July 14, 1969)
The Johns Hopkins Hospital became the first area hospital hit by an apparent organized walkout when more than 150 non-professional workers left their jobs about 11 A.M. Cautioned repeatedly by officials of the Drug and Hospital Workers Union that Baltimore’s hospitals would be targets for another drive for wage increases and other fringe benefits by the union, Hopkins officials said they were “astonished” by the brief walkout.
Last month the union, with the close cooperation of the Southern leadership Conference, maneuvered the hospitals in Charleston, S.C. Into many concessions, but only after hundreds of arrests, protest marches and charges of police brutality.
Today’s walkout was short-lived and appeared to be orderly and without incident. The majority of the demonstrators, dressed in hospital uniforms, were back on their jobs before noon.
The workers trickled outside the hospital after 11 A.M. and paraded around the building chanting “when the union comes marching in,” to the tune of the Old Dixieland song, “When the Saints Go Marching In.”
The workers, primarily employees of the kitchen, nurses’ aides, maintenance workers and lab technicians, were almost 100 percent Negro. About 50 percent of the demonstrators were men.
While the peaceful demonstrators strolled around one of America’s most prestigious hospitals, doctors, patients and administrators peered from windows and leaned over balconies for a better view.
Shortly after the start of the walkout, demonstrators gathered around Fred Punch, a 33-year-old union organizer from New York, who jumped on the hood of his car to address the workers.
“We’re showing them you want to be free, that you want to have something to say about what goes on in the hospital,” Punch shouted to the workers.
Then he demanded free hospitalization and insurance “as a compensation for the occupational hazard of working around people with diseases.”
He also demanded a “real” grievance procedure, with employee representatives sitting on the panel.
Warming up, Punch charged hospital supervisors with “arbitrarily firing and suspending” workers politicking for the union.
Then Punch leaped from the car and with about 20 of the demonstrators charged into the hospital and headed for the office of the hospital president, Dr. Russell A. Nelson.
Outside the door of the president’s office, the union representative and the workers met hospital administrator David L. Everhart.
“When will you meet with me?’ Punch said to Everhart.
Everhart replied, “I will meet with the union at their convenience.”
The two then set a meeting for Friday at 9 o’clock at the Sheradon Baltimore Inn, across the street from the hospital.
Everhart said he was “astonished” by the walkout.
he said he had sent a letter to Punch last Friday informing him that he (Everhart) would be glad to meet with Punch.
Everhart also said the hospital had consented to allow a secret ballot election to determine if the workers wanted to be represented by the union.
Earlier, Punch admitted the hospital’s concession to the secret ballot election, but charged that officials had scheduled meetings “at which employes are urged to vote against a union.”
“We believe the hospital’s position to be fair and responsible,’ a statement by the hospital said. “The hospital has offered to meet a union representative. We believe the demonstration was unnecessary and disruptive to this hospital’s work, which is to care for sick people.”
The Union has demanded of several Baltimore hospitals that they increase wages and offer fringe benefits to their non-professional workers.
Hopkins raised its minimum wages to $1.80 per hour two weeks ago.
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For July 1st through August 31st 2011
#1 – Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark #2 – Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree #3 – Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane #4 – Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper #5 – Stackin’ Paper 2 Genesis’ Payback by Joy King #6 – Thug Lovin’ (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark #7 – When I Get Where I’m Going by Cheryl Robinson #8 – Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby #9 – The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane
#10 – Covenant: A Thriller by Brandon Massey
#11 – Diary Of A Street Diva by Ashley and JaQuavis
#12 – Don’t Ever Tell by Brandon Massey
#13 – For colored girls who have considered suicide by Ntozake Shange
#14 – For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree
#15 – Homemade Loves by J. California Cooper
#16 – The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper
#17 – Player Haters by Carl Weber
#18 – Purple Panties: An Eroticanoir.com Anthology by Sidney Molare
#19 – Stackin’ Paper by Joy King
#20 – Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey
#21 – The Upper Room by Mary Monroe
#22 Thug Matrimony by Wahida Clark
#23 – Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark
#24 – Married Men by Carl Weber
#25 – I Dreamt I Was in Heaven – The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter
#1 – Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable #2 – Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans #3 – Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane #4 – Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper #5 – Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You’re Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant #6 – Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey #7 – The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight #8 – The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing #9 – The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson
#10 – John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History by Ahati N. N. Toure
#11 – Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley
#12 –The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander
#13 – The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell
#14 – The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore
#15 – Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can’t Commit by RM Johnson
#16 – Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins
#17 – Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell
#18 – A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose by Eckhart Tolle
#19 – John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard
#20 – Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris
#21 – Age Ain’t Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice
#22 – 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino #23 – Chicken Soup for the Prisoner’s Soul by Tom Lagana #24 – 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields
#25 – Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class by Lisa B. Thompson
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This book explodes several myths: that selling sex is completely different from any other kind of work, that migrants who sell sex are passive victims and that the multitude of people out to save them are without self-interest. Laura Agustín makes a passionate case against these stereotypes, arguing that the label ‘trafficked’ does not accurately describe migrants’ lives and that the ‘rescue industry’ serves to disempower them. Based on extensive research amongst both migrants who sell sex and social helpers, Sex at the Margins provides a radically different analysis. Frequently, says Agustin, migrants make rational choices to travel and work in the sex industry, and although they are treated like a marginalised group they form part of the dynamic global economy. Both powerful and controversial, this book is essential reading for all those who want to understand the increasingly important relationship between sex markets, migration and the desire for social justice. “Sex at the Margins rips apart distinctions between migrants, service work and sexual labour and reveals the utter complexity of the contemporary sex industry. This book is set to be a trailblazer in the study of sexuality.”Lisa Adkins, University of London
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By David Graeber
Before there was money, there was debt. Every economics textbook says the same thing: Money was invented to replace onerous and complicated barter systemsto relieve ancient people from having to haul their goods to market. The problem with this version of history? Theres not a shred of evidence to support it. Here anthropologist David Graeber presents a stunning reversal of conventional wisdom. He shows that for more than 5,000 years, since the beginnings of the first agrarian empires, humans have used elaborate credit systems to buy and sell goodsthat is, long before the invention of coins or cash. It is in this era, Graeber argues, that we also first encounter a society divided into debtors and creditors. Graeber shows that arguments about debt and debt forgiveness have been at the center of political debates from Italy to China, as well as sparking innumerable insurrections. He also brilliantly demonstrates that the language of the ancient works of law and religion (words like guilt, sin, and redemption) derive in large part from ancient debates about debt, and shape even our most basic ideas of right and wrong. We are still fighting these battles today without knowing it. Debt: The First 5,000 Years is a fascinating chronicle of this little known historyas well as how it has defined human history, and what it means for the credit crisis of the present day and the future of our economy.
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From The World and Africa, 1965
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posted 24 July 2008