Haiti on the UN Occupation

Haiti on the UN Occupation


ChickenBones: A Journal

for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes



Stop engaging Haiti in neo-liberal death policies, “free market,”

the privatization of the state enterprises. These policies only bring more misery,

unemployment, and insecurity to the country.



Books on Haiti and the Caribbean

Hubert Cole. Christophe: King of Haiti. New York: The Viking Press, 1967.

C.L.R. James. The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L’Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution (1938)

Edourad Gissant. Caribbean Doscourse (2004)  /  Barbara Harlow. Resistance Literature (1987)

Josaphat B. Kubayanda. The Poet’s Africa: Africanness in the Poetry of Nicolas Guillen and Aime Cesaire (1990)


Myriam J. A. Chancy. Framing Silence: Revolutionary Novels by Haitian Women (1997)

Paul Laraque and Jack Hirschman.  Open Gate An Anthology of Haitian Creole Poetry (2001)

David P. Geggus, ed. The Impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World.  University of South Carolina Press, 2001.

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Haiti on the UN Occupation on the 92nd anniversary of the first US occupation of Haiti (1915- 1934)


July 28th 2007 marks exactly ninety-two years since our country was first invaded and occupied by the United States. Since then the country is officially been under total domination by American Imperialism.

 In 1492 the Spanish colonial power came to this part of the world to amass a vast quantity of our wealth. They killed the first Indigenous people—the Indians. After this horrible massacre of the Indians they went out and snatched the Africans to make them slaves. But after long centuries of struggle, the rebellious slaves finally defeated the French and kicked them out of Haiti. In spite of their well-earned victories, the French colonial powers and their allies systematically demanded that the new Haitian authorities pay them for a so-called “debt of independence.”

The plundering of our natural resources, the paying of that so called debt, ninety two years of American domination upon the country taking all types of forms; all of that brought about extreme difficulties for the country. All of that constitutes real barriers to have and enjoy real and durable independence.

They also put in jeopardy all tentative by the popular sectors to establish a different kind of society, free of domination and exploitation.

In 1915, U.S imperialism invaded Haiti to encourage big capitalist enterprises to make the rich richer; they came and seized our gold reserve in the Central Bank. The biggest resistance they faced came from the peasant sectors. Under the direction of Charlemagne Perate and Benoit Batraville, the peasants were able to organize themselves into the Caco guerillas resistance against the occupation. The American military massacred many hundreds of peasants that were the integral part of that army of the resistance through treachery and deception.

In October 1994, the American military invaded the country a second time to bring about the return of Aristide and at the same time apply the nefarious neo-liberal plan. After Aristide mandate, Preval came to exactly continue the same plan. Under the second occupation, Preval started to liquidate the state enterprises. Meanwhile the Haitian government sold out the Minoterie d’ Haiti (National Flour Company) and the Ciment d’ Haiti (The National Cement Company).

Nowadays many other state Enterprises are being threatened and are underway to be sold under the government of President Preval and his Prime Minister Alexis.

In 2004, at exactly the time of the 200th Celebration of Haiti’s Independence, American, French and Canadian troops invaded our soil. Several months later the Minustha (United Nations) forces took over to continue the occupation.

It is the Minustha that is taking care of Police reforms, it is also them that is reforming Haitian Justice. They are present in all sphere and important institutions of the State in order to continue  carrying their plan to push projects that liquidate the State Holdings or keep it under imperialism domination and the rule of the corrupt bourgeoisie.

In this historical crossroad we are facing today, we the undersigned organizations are making this important historical call to all progressive forces to fight in unity for the defense and the autonomy of this country, We essentially ask all popular organizations and progressive forces to come forward and unite in that fight. We do not want an occupied country where foreign diplomats and U.N soldiers are the arrogant caretakers. We want a free country that exists for those that live in it. We want an autonomous state that exists in the interest of the masses of people.

To come to the realization of that autonomous state, we ask that the current government in place.

1) Stop renewing the Minustha mandate in Haiti.

2) Stop engaging Haiti in neo-liberal death policies, “free market,” the privatization of the state enterprises. These policies only bring more misery, unemployment, and insecurity to the country.

3) Stop paying the I.M.F and World Bank loans and debts and use the monies to provide health, education, and other services to the population.

4) Immediately address the crisis of the management of the State Enterprises. Get the State Enterprises to function properly and keep them as the property of the country.

To come to the realization of that autonomous state, we ask that the current government in place.

1) Stop renewing the Minustha mandate in Haiti.

2) Stop engaging Haiti in neo-liberal death policies, “free market,” theprivatization of the state enterprises… These policies only bring more misery, unemployment, and insecurity to the country.

3) Stop paying the I.M.F and World Bank loans and debts and use the monies to provide health, education, and other services to the population.

4) Immediately address the crisis of the management of the State Enterprises. Get the State Enterprises to function properly and keep them as the property of the country.

Down with occupation!                         Down with privatization!                         Long live a free and sovereign Haiti!                         Long live Haiti’s State Enterprises!   We, the undersigned members of   M.D.P (Movement for Popular Democracy), Tet Kole Ti Peyizan Ayisyen (Unity of poor/little Haitians peasants), Chandel (Popular Organization for Popular Education), Morap (Movement for Reflexion and Popular Action, Move (Organized movement for Efficient Life), SAJ/Veye Yo (Solidarity among the Youth/Vigilance)  

are making this unity call for general mobilization, all over the country against the U.N occupying forces (Minustha) in/our territory.

(Unofficial English Translation by Lionel O Legros, Aug.3, 2007)

Source. E-mail: )

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Marguerite ‘Ezili Dantò’ Laurent, Esq.Founder and Chair, Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network (“HLLN”) (Dedicated to protecting the full civil, human, economic and cultural rights of Haitians living at home and abroad) April 15, 2007

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The Haitian Revolution, 1791 to 1804: Or, Side Lights On the French Revolution

By Theophilus Gould Steward

This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.—

The Haitian Revolution, 1791 to 1804. By T. G. Steward. Thomas Y. Crowell Company, New York, 1915. 292 pages. $1.25.

Reviewed by J.R. Fauset. The Journal of Negro History. Vol. I., No. 1, January. 1916.

In the days when the internal dissensions of Haiti are again thrusting her into the limelight such a book as this of Mr. Steward assumes a peculiar importance. It combines the unusual advantage of being both very readable and at the same time historically dependable. At the outset the author gives a brief sketch of the early settlement of Haiti, followed by a short account of her development along commercial and racial lines up to the Revolution of 1791. The story of this upheaval, of course, forms the basis of the book and is indissolubly connected with the story of Toussaint L’Overture. To most Americans this hero is known only as the subject of Wendell Phillips’s stirring eulogy. As delineated by Mr. Steward, he becomes a more human creature, who performs exploits, that are nothing short of marvelous. Other men who have seemed to many of us merely names—Rigaud, Le Clerc, Desalines, and the like–are also fully discussed.

Although most of the book is naturally concerned with the revolutionary period, the author brings his account up to date by giving a very brief resumé of the history of Haiti from 1804 to the present time. This history is marked by the frequent occurrence of assassinations and revolutions, but the reader will not allow himself to be affected by disgust or prejudice at these facts particularly when he is reminded, as Mr. Steward says, “that the political history of Haiti does not differ greatly from that of the majority of South American Republics, nor does it differ widely even from that of France.”

The book lacks a topical index, somewhat to its own disadvantage, but it contains a map of Haiti, a rather confusing appendix, a list of the Presidents of Haiti from 1804 to 1906 and a list of the names and works of the more noted Haitian authors. The author does not give a complete bibliography. He simply mentions in the beginning the names of a few authorities consulted.—

J. R. Fauset.

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Salvage the Bones

A Novel by Jesmyn Ward

On one level, Salvage the Bones is a simple story about a poor black family that’s about to be trashed by one of the most deadly hurricanes in U.S. history. What makes the novel so powerful, though, is the way Ward winds private passions with that menace gathering force out in the Gulf of Mexico. Without a hint of pretension, in the simple lives of these poor people living among chickens and abandoned cars, she evokes the tenacious love and desperation of classical tragedy. The force that pushes back against Katrina’s inexorable winds is the voice of Ward’s narrator, a 14-year-old girl named Esch, the only daughter among four siblings. Precocious, passionate and sensitive, she speaks almost entirely in phrases soaked in her family’s raw land. Everything here is gritty, loamy and alive, as though the very soil were animated. Her brother’s “blood smells like wet hot earth after summer rain. . . . His scalp looks like fresh turned dirt.” Her father’s hands “are like gravel,” while her own hand “slides through his grip like a wet fish,” and a handsome boy’s “muscles jabbered like chickens.” Admittedly, Ward can push so hard on this simile-obsessed style that her paragraphs risk sounding like a compost heap, but this isn’t usually just metaphor for metaphor’s sake. —


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Create Dangerously is an eloquent and moving expression of Danticat’s belief that immigrant artists are obliged to bear witness when their countries of origin are suffering from violence, oppression, poverty, and tragedy. In this deeply personal book, the celebrated Haitian-American writer Edwidge Danticat reflects on art and exile, examining what it means to be an immigrant artist from a country in crisis. Inspired by Albert Camus’ lecture, “Create Dangerously,” and combining memoir and essay, Danticat tells the stories of artists, including herself, who create despite, or because of, the horrors that drove them from their homelands and that continue to haunt them. Danticat eulogizes an aunt who guarded her family’s homestead in the Haitian countryside, a cousin who died of AIDS while living in Miami as an undocumented alien, and a renowned Haitian radio journalist whose political assassination shocked the world. Danticat writes about the Haitian novelists she first read as a girl at the Brooklyn Public Library, a woman mutilated in a machete attack who became a public witness against torture, and the work of Jean-Michel Basquiat and other artists of Haitian descent. —CaribbeanLiterarySalon  / Review and Interview by Kam Williams

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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Negro Digest / Black World

Browse all issues

1950        1960        1965        1970        1975        1980        1985        1990        1995        2000 ____ 2005        


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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery /

George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 — The Founding of Haiti 

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update 13 January 2012



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Related files: The Revolutionary Potential of Haiti  Nobody ever chose to be a slave   Haiti on the UN Occupation

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