Framework for African Students (Biblio)

Framework for African Students (Biblio)


ChickenBones: A Journal

for  Literary & Artistic African-American  Themes



 Globally, people of African descent are not minorities, as we are not a “minor” people.

In the 21st century, people of African descent will be the second largest ethnic group on

the planet after the Chinese! Also, people of African descent are currently the second largest ethnic group in the western hemisphere. We must stop using the language of racist imperialist. 



Framework for African (Black) Studies  


By Rhonda Miller/Chuck Siler


Always start in Africa

Our story begins in Africa. 

· Always begin study with historical works by scholars of African descent who are committed to the liberation of African people. 

· Then, move to the study of the African Diaspora, paying close attention to the causes of dispersal and the patterns of dispersal – voluntary and involuntary.  

· In studying the African Diaspora, remember that people of African descent were not originally “slaves,” but instead were captured, kidnapped and enslaved. We must stop using the slave masters language. 

· Enslavement is merely one chapter in the long history of African people. Never begin a discussion of the history of people of African descent with a discussion of slavery and enslavement.

· Always remember that the majority of people of African descent in the western hemisphere are not immigrants, therefore, the immigrant model of success is not applicable to people of African descent in this hemisphere. 

· Globally, people of African descent are not minorities, as we are not a “minor” people. In the 21st century, people of African descent will be the second largest ethnic group on the planet after the Chinese! Also, people of African descent are currently the second largest ethnic group in the western hemisphere. We must stop using the language of racist imperialist. 

· People of African descent must re-learn how to mentally disconnect from white supremacist environments. In order to do this, we must regularly listen to Black radio and read the Black press. Examples: Radio – “Tom Joyner Morning Show” and “Sunday Journal,” with Bill Rousselle (WYLD-FM); Newspapers – LA Weekly, Data News Weekly, New Orleans Tribune.; Magazines – Emerge (our mind), Essence (our soul) and Black Enterprise (our money) 

· Speaking of our money, our most important 21st century issue is Reparations for African people – the world owes us! This is especially true of Europe and the United States as these parts of the world financially benefited from the enslavement of African people from 1441 to 1888. A reparations reading list is attached. · Always remember the following African proverb: “Until the lion writes his own story the tale of the hunt will always glorify the hunter.”  


African (Black) Studies Reading List

(All titles are available at Community Book Center and the Afro-American Bookstop. Many titles are also in the New Orleans Public Library) History, Anthropology , Philosophy & Politics 

(Read in order listed below, except # 8) 

1) Introduction to Black Studies Maulana Ron Karenga 

2) African Intellectual Heritage: A Book of Sources Molefi Asante & Abu Abarry 

3) African Culture: The Rhythms of Unity Molefi Asante & Kariamu Asante 

4) Introduction to African Civilization John Jackson 

5) African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality Cheikh Anta Diop 

6) The Destruction of Black Civilization Chancellor Williams 

 7) Africans and Their History Joseph Harris 

8) Afrocentricity, The Afrocentric Idea, & Kemet, Afrocentricity and Knowledge  Molefi Asante (This trilogy is the key philosophical work on the concept of “Afrocentricity.” They must be read together in exact order, as each work builds upon the other. You can skip this trilogy and read as a break between other works listed).

 9) Africans at the Crossroads: African World Revolution  John Henrik Clarke

10) Blueprint for Black Power: A Moral, Political, and Economic Imperative for the 21st Century Amos Wilson 

11) Race and Reparations: A Black Perspective on the 21st Century Clarence Munford 

12) Reading list from New Dimensions in African History John Henrik Clarke & Ben Jochannan 

Part I – From the Origins of Man to 1600 AD

Part II – From 1600 AD to the Present – focus on Africans in the western hemisphere

 (Depending upon your interest, you can use this reference as a study guide or pick and choose topics).  

Selected Readings on Reparations (Rhonda’s favorites 2/2000) 

1) Reparations Yes! (Available from the local NCOBRA chapter)  

2) The Forty Acres Documents (Available from the local NCOBRA chapter) 

3) Black Reconstruction in America: 1860-1880 W. E. B. Du Bois, 1935 

4) The Betrayal of the Negro: from Rutherford B. Hayes to Woodrow Wilson Rayford Logan, 1954 & 1997 

5) The White Use of Blacks in America – Dan Lacy, 1973 

6) The Case for Black Reparations Boris Bittker, 1973 

7) The Wealth of Races Richard America, 1990 

8) Paying the Social Debt Richard America, 1993 

9) Black Labor/White Wealth Claud Anderson, 1994 

10) Black Wealth/White Wealth: A New Perspective on Racial Inequality Melvin Oliver & Thomas Shapiro, 1993 

11) Race and Reparations: A Black Perspective for the 21st Century Clarence Munford, 1996 

12) The Debt: What America Owes to Blacks Randall Robinson, 1999 

13) Racist America – Joe R. Feagin, 2000 White Racism Joe R. Feagin, 200114) Race and Civilization – Clarence J. Munford, 2002

Magazine Articles 

1) Emerge, February 1997, “Righting a Wrong,” by Lori Robinson

2) Emerge, September 1997, “A Simple Gesture,” by Betsy Peoples

3) Essence, October, 1997, “Essence Dialogue: Do African Americans Deserve Reparations?”

All books are available at the New Orleans Public Library, Tulane University Library (accessible via interlibrary loan) or can be purchased at Community Book Center -217 N. Broad and The Afro American Bookstop at New Orleans Center & 5900 Read Blvd.  



1) The Norton Anthology of African American Literature – general editor, Henry Louis Gates 

2) Breaking Ice: An Anthology of Contemporary African American Literature Terri McMillan, editor 

3) The New Calvalcade: African American Writing from 1760 to the Present (1990) – series 

4) Reading Black, Reading Feminist Henry Louis Gates, editor 

5) Black Erotica Williams, Martin & Bell, editors 

6) The New Negro: Voices of the Harlem RenaissanceAlain Locke, editor 

7) Voices of the Harlem Renaissance Nathan Huggins, editor 

8) Black Southern Voices John O. Killens and Jerry Ward, editors 

9) A Bend in the River Kalamu ya Salaam, editor 

10) Black Drama Anthology Woodie King & Ron Milner, editors 

11) Black Poets & Prophets Woodie King & Earl Anthony, editors 

12) The Black Woman Toni Cade, editor 

13) Black Voices & New Black Voices (These two anthologies were the unofficial bibles of Black literature in the 1970s’)  

The Affirmative Action Debate, ed. by George Curry Nixon’s Piano: President’s and Racial Politics From Washington to Clinton Kenneth O’Reilly

LA History & Culture (* in LEH Library)

 1) *Africans in Colonial Louisiana Gwendolyn Midlo Hall 

2) *Louisiana’s Black Heritage Ed Haas, et al. 

3) Congo Square in New Orleans Jerah Johnson 

4) *Black New OrleansJohn Blassingame

 5)* Negro Iron Workers of Louisiana Marcus Christian 

6) *Revolution & Romanticism and the Afro-Negro Protest Tradition in Louisiana 1718-1868 Caryn Cosse Bell 

7) *Creole New Orleans: Race and Americanization Arnold Hirsch & Joseph Logsdon 

8) The Second Battle of New Orleans Liva Baker 

9) *Crescent City Schools: Public Education in New Orleans 1841-1991 Don DeVore & Joseph Logsdon 

10)* Lords of Misrule: Mardi Gras and the Politics of Race in New Orleans James Gill 

11)  Rising Tide John Barry  

First reading list (1988-89) 


“African American Historians and the Reclaiming of African History,”: John Henrik Clarke in African Culture: The Rhythms of Unity by Molefi Asante & Kariamu Asante 

“DNA Researchers Trace All Humans to Single Woman in Ancient Africa,” New York Times, 3/30/86 

“Everyone’s Biological Mother: Biologist Speculate that ‘Eve’ Lived in Sub-Saharan Africa,” Time,1/26/87

“Mitochondrial DNA & Human Evolution,” Rebecca Cann, Nature, January 1987, pp.31-36

“Nubian monarchy called Oldest,” Boyce Rensberger, New York Times, 3/1/79

A1 & A16 Editions of Journal of African Civilizations, edited by Ivan Van Sertima: The African Presence in Early America and The African Presence in Early Asia

The African Presence in Early Europe

Blacks in Science: Ancient & Modern

Nile Valley Civilizations

Egypt Revisited

Egypt, Child of Africa

Black Women in Antiquity

Great African Thinkers (Cheikh Anta Diop)

Great Black Leaders Ancient & Modern

African Presence in World Cultures

Golden Age of the Moor Reference UNESCO General History of Africa – The UNESCO International Scientific Committee for the Drafting of a General History of Africa Vol. I. – Methodology & African PrehistoryVol. II – Ancient Civilizations of Africa

Vol. III – Africa from the 7th – 11th Century

Vol. IV – Africa from the 12th – 16th Century

Vol. V. – Africa from the 16th – 18th Century

Vol. VI. – The 19th Century until 1880

Vol. VII. – Africa Under Foreign Domination

Vol. VIII – Africa Since 1935

1988-89 list

Origins Richard Leakey 

Stolen Legacy George James 

Blacks in Antiquity Frank Snowden 

Africa as Seen by Classical Writers William Leo Hansberry 

World’s Great Men of Color, vol. I & II – Joel Chandler Harris 

They Came Before Columbus – Ivan van Sertima 

From Slavery to Freedom John Hope Franklin 

Before the Mayflower Lerone Bennet

Eyes on the Prize Juan Williams 

The Africans: A Triple Heritage Ali Mazuri 

Two Nations: Black & White, Separate, Hostile & Unequal Andrew Hacker 

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Bill Moyers and James Cone (Interview)  / A Conversation with James Cone

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John Coltrane, “Alabama”  /  Kalamu ya Salaam, “Alabama”  / A Love Supreme

A Blues for the Birmingham Four  /  Eulogy for the Young Victims   / Six Dead After Church Bombing 

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Audio: My Story, My Song (Featuring blues guitarist Walter Wolfman Washington)

*   *   *   *   *’s 25 Best Selling Books



#1 – Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark #2 – Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree #3 – Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane #4 – Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper #5 – Stackin’ Paper 2 Genesis’ Payback by Joy King #6 – Thug Lovin’ (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark #7 – When I Get Where I’m Going by Cheryl Robinson #8 – Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby #9 – The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane

#10 – Covenant: A Thriller  by Brandon Massey

#11 – Diary Of A Street Diva  by Ashley and JaQuavis

#12 – Don’t Ever Tell  by Brandon Massey

#13 – For colored girls who have considered suicide  by Ntozake Shange

#14 – For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree

#15 – Homemade Loves  by J. California Cooper

#16 – The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper

#17 – Player Haters by Carl Weber

#18 – Purple Panties: An Anthology by Sidney Molare

#19 – Stackin’ Paper by Joy King

#20 – Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey

#21 – The Upper Room by Mary Monroe

#22 – Thug Matrimony  by Wahida Clark

#23 – Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark

#24 – Married Men by Carl Weber

#25 – I Dreamt I Was in Heaven – The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter


#1 – Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable #2 – Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans #3 – Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane #4 – Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper #5 – Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You’re Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant #6 – Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey #7 – The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight #8 – The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing #9 – The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson

#10 – John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History  by Ahati N. N. Toure

#11 – Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley

#12 –The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

#13 – The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell

#14 – The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore

#15 – Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can’t Commit  by RM Johnson

#16 – Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins

#17 – Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell

#18 – A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose by Eckhart Tolle

#19 – John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard

#20 – Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris

#21 – Age Ain’t Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice

#22 – 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino #23 – Chicken Soup for the Prisoner’s Soul by Tom Lagana #24 – 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields

#25 – Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class  by Lisa B. Thompson

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Sex at the Margins

Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry

By Laura María Agustín

This book explodes several myths: that selling sex is completely different from any other kind of work, that migrants who sell sex are passive victims and that the multitude of people out to save them are without self-interest. Laura Agustín makes a passionate case against these stereotypes, arguing that the label ‘trafficked’ does not accurately describe migrants’ lives and that the ‘rescue industry’ serves to disempower them. Based on extensive research amongst both migrants who sell sex and social helpers, Sex at the Margins provides a radically different analysis. Frequently, says Agustin, migrants make rational choices to travel and work in the sex industry, and although they are treated like a marginalised group they form part of the dynamic global economy. Both powerful and controversial, this book is essential reading for all those who want to understand the increasingly important relationship between sex markets, migration and the desire for social justice. —Lisa Adkins, University of London

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Debt: The First 5,000 Years

By David Graeber

Before there was money, there was debt. Every economics textbook says the same thing: Money was invented to replace onerous and complicated barter systems—to relieve ancient people from having to haul their goods to market. The problem with this version of history? There’s not a shred of evidence to support it. Here anthropologist David Graeber presents a stunning reversal of conventional wisdom. He shows that for more than 5,000 years, since the beginnings of the first agrarian empires, humans have used elaborate credit systems to buy and sell goods—that is, long before the invention of coins or cash. It is in this era, Graeber argues, that we also first encounter a society divided into debtors and creditors.  Graeber shows that arguments about debt and debt forgiveness have been at the center of political debates from Italy to China, as well as sparking innumerable insurrections. He also brilliantly demonstrates that the language of the ancient works of law and religion (words like “guilt,” “sin,” and “redemption”) derive in large part from ancient debates about debt, and shape even our most basic ideas of right and wrong. We are still fighting these battles today without knowing it.

Debt: The First 5,000 Years is a fascinating chronicle of this little known history—as well as how it has defined human history, and what it means for the credit crisis of the present day and the future of our economy.   Economist Glenn Loury  /Criminalizing a Race

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Across That Bridge: Life Lessons and a Vision for Change

By John Lewis

The Civil Rights Movement gave rise to the protest culture we know today, and the experiences of leaders like Congressman Lewis have never been more relevant. Now, more than ever, this nation needs a strong and moral voice to guide an engaged population through visionary change. Congressman John Lewis was a leader in the American Civil Rights Movement. He was chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and played a key role in the struggle to end segregation. Despite more than forty arrests, physical attacks, and serious injuries, John Lewis remained a devoted advocate of the philosophy of nonviolence. He is the author of his autobiography, Walking with the Wind: A Memoir of a Movement, and is the recipient of numerous awards from national and international institutions, including the Lincoln Medal; the John F. Kennedy “Profile in Courage” Lifetime Achievement Award (the only one of its kind ever awarded); the NAACP Spingarn Medal; and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor, among many others.

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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Negro Digest / Black World

Browse all issues

1950        1960        1965        1970        1975        1980        1985        1990        1995        2000 ____ 2005        


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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery /

George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 — The Founding of Haiti 

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update 28 May 2012




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