Floyd W Hayes III Table

Floyd W Hayes III Table


ChickenBones: A Journal

for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes



Floyd W. Hayes III Table



Books by Floyd W. Hayes, III

A Turbulent Voyage: Readings in African American Studies / Forty Acres and a Mule: The Rape of Colored Americans

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Floyd W. Hayes, III, coordinator of programs and undergraduate studies—A senior lecturer in the Department of Political Science, Hayes is coordinator of programs and undergraduate studies in the Center for Africana Studies. His teaching and research interests include black politics and political philosophy, urban politics and public policy, educational policymaking and politics, leadership studies, and the politics of jazz. He is the author of numerous articles and the editor of A Turbulent Voyage: Readings in African American Studies.

He is currently working on a book examining the social and political thought of Richard Wright, “Domination and Ressentiment: The Desperate Vision of Richard Wright.” Hayes earned a BA in French and political science from North Carolina Central University, an MA in African Area Studies from the University of California, Los Angeles, and a Ph.D. in government and politics from the University of Maryland.

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In his search for freedom, Wright’s rebel-nihilist breaks the laws of civil society, but he considers himself innocent.  He attempts to create and live by his own values.  Wright refers briefly to this figure as an ethical criminal.  There also is the district attorney, who is sworn to uphold the law, but who does not believe in the sanctity of the law.  Rather, he admires and identifies with those who break the rules of civil society, yet view themselves as innocent.  But can individuals, particularly black persons, actually escape the laws of a decadent American social order and create their own rules?  Can individuals live beyond good and evil?  Richard Wright and the Dilemma of the Ethical Criminal

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Floyd Hayes will speak on “Womanizing Richard Wright: Constructing The Black Feminine in The Outsider.” Tuesday, April 8th 4-6pm Sherwood Room Levering Hall. WGS Program for the Study of Women, and co-sponsored with the Center for Africana Studies

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From Black Power to Africana Studies

Professor Hayes led UCLA’s Black Student Union in its efforts to bring more black professors to the University

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Floyd W. Hayes, III, Ph.D. Senior Lecturer Department of Political Science   Coordinator of Programs and Undergraduate Studies Center for Africana Studies The Johns Hopkins University Greenhouse 107 3400 N. Charles Street Baltimore, MD 21218 Phone: 410-516-7659 FAX: 410-516-7312 E-Mail:

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An African Gathering in Senegal

The African Presence in America Before Columbus

Age of the Terminator

Bebop, Modernism & Change

Black Education and Afro-Pessimism

The Collapse of Urban Public Schooling 

The Cultural Politics of Paul Robeson and Richard Wright   

A Dialogic Forum on Cosmic Evil

Down with the Clintons

The Heavyweight of White Supremacist “Scholarship”   

Intergenerational Disconnect

Jazz Moves: Studying Black Progressive Music

Letters in Support of Maryland House Bill 101

Liberated Territory (book review)

No New Thinking on Africana Politics and Philosophy (book review)

Optimism in The First Black President (book review)

Politics of Knowledge: Black Policy Professionals in the Managerial Age 

Pragmatic Solidarity

Publications of Floyd W. Hayes, III

Race in US Politics: A Syllabus

Richard Wright and the Dilemma of the Ethical Criminal 

Scholarship of Indictment

Seneca Turner’s Thoughts upon Revisiting Hip Hop (A Rejoinder . . . )

A Tribute to Kwame Toure/Stokely Carmichael

Urban Police and the Order of Community Terrorism

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Related files

50 Years of Progress Since Brown

Abell Report 

African Genesis Media Group

African Libraries Project

Amite County  

Barack Obama: The Death of White Supremacy (Chinweizu and others)


Black Power 

The Black Presence in the Bible: A Selected Bibliography 

Capitol Hill in Black and White

Civil Rights: Struggle for Black Power

Conversations with Kind Friends

Criminalizing a Race: Blacks and Prisons Table

Delany and Blyden

Hip Hop Table

Kish Mir Tuchas   

The Meritocracy Myth    

Nigeria and White Supremacy (Chinweizu)

Niger and the National Museum

Nomads of Niger

Notes from the Occupied Territories (J. Damu)

Notes on Political Education

Oakland, Toward Radical Spirituality  (Marvin X)

Ongoing Struggles in Black Academia

Paul Robeson’s Greetings to Bandung

Photos of Global African Presence

Quality Education for Black & Brown

Responses to Race as a Decoy for Class 

Runoko in Budapest

Runoko in Papua New Guinea

Runoko Rashidi

Runoko Rashidi Speaks in Nigeria

Sowell, Marx, and the Sermon on the Mount 

The State of Black-Asian Relations

Statistics on the Inequities      

Subconscious connection between blacks, apes may reinforce subtle bias

Those Missing Noses in Kemet Sculpture

Tribute to Ivan Van Sertima

Which U.S. Presidents Owned Slaves?

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Floyd W Hayes III

Deadlift at MD State Powerlifting Champions

US Navy Open meet, Feb. 20, 2010


Floyd W. Hayes, III sets a Master’s record with this 502 pound deadlift

at the 2010 Maryland State Power lifting Championships and Navy Open.

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Floyd W Hayes III

Squat at the MD State Powerlifting Championship

US Navy Open meet, Feb. 20, 2010.


Floyd W. Hayes, III sets a Master’s record with this 391 pound squat

at the 2010 Maryland State Power lifting Championships and Navy Open.

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Given the present resurgence of antiblack racism and violence throughout America—as witnessed by lynchings in Virginia and Texas, recent white supremacist aggression at many college campuses, such as Miami University in Ohio and Cornell University in upstate New York, and the vicious right-wing assault on Affirmative Action policies—Kwame Toure’s commitment to contest and uproot all forms of cultural domination is important because it should inspire us to study and struggle against injustice, even to fight the racism and repression at Purdue. Indeed, he epitomizes the contours, questions, challenges, and struggles of our times. A Tribute to Kwame Toure

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Perhaps Richard Wright’s novel of ideas, The Outsider (1953), is his most sustained and compelling inquiry into the question of the possibility and quality of Black male freedom in an anti-Black American world.  Wright also is concerned with the issue of power and the knowledge that buttresses its performance.  Ultimately, he constructs the image of a self-possessed Black man, who is fearless, knowledgeable, and courageous.  Untamed by the culture of modern society, he is an intellectually authoritative existential-nihilist—a rebel-criminal who creates and tries to live by his own social rules (Hayes 1997). 

Significantly, to counteract prevailing literary notions of the Black man as ignorant and submissive, Wright was engaged in creating a new conception of the Black man.   Finally, The Outsider represents Wright’s disillusionment with the Communist Party and with the possibility of racial justice in America. The Cultural Politics of Paul Robeson and Richard Wright

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As an actor, singer, and scholar, Robeson became the most controversial Black figure in America and the most widely known around the world during the 1930s and 1940s.  As a writer of fiction and non-fiction during the same period, Wright almost single-handedly created new, progressive, and assertive images of Black people that challenged traditional racist stereotypes.  Both men left America for a period of time.  Robeson eventually returned with hope and optimism in the USA; Wright became a permanent exile in Paris after World War II, considering white supremacist America beyond redemption.  Although Robeson saw himself as a son of Africa, Wright considered himself a Black man who was the displaced offspring of the modern West.  Significantly, both men were knowledgeable, powerful, and courageous. The Cultural Politics of Paul Robeson and Richard Wright

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I dare say that even in your American political philosophy course, there might be a discussion of 4 or 5 black political thinkers, at best. Perhaps!  At worst, most of these courses include no black voice.  Why do conventional political philosophy professors ignore this profound voice of black opposition?  Presently, I am reading through many of the speeches that black people gave during and after the Holocaust of Black Enslavement.  Why aren’t you reading them, too, in your American political philosophy course?  Philip Foner and Robert J. Branham have edited the numerous speeches of black women and men in Lift Every Voice: African American Oratory, 1787-1900.  This book contains 925 pages; obviously, black people had something important to say! Ongoing Struggles in Black Academia

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For numerous historical reasons, particularly since the advent of modernity and the rise of the Enlightenment in Western Europe, the production of Africana cultural and literary discourse has been a political act.   In particular, African American culture—and black culture in Latin America and the Caribbean—emerged within the context of Western cultural domination—the Atlantic Slave Trade, chattel slavery, imperialism, colonialism, segregation, white supremacy, and antiblack hatred and violence.  These structures and processes of domination also served as the cultural milieu in which Western Europeans and Euro-Americans came to define and represent their African captives and their American descendants (throughout the Americas) as negative and inferior. 

Hence, the life experiences of native black Americans have been characterized by intense political, social, and cultural struggle.  Black American creative artists have themselves engaged in various forms of resistance in the historic and monumental battle for black freedom, human rights, and self-determination.  In many ways, reflecting black people’s experiences with the underside of modern American culture, beboppers and their complex and improvisational music might be considered counter-modernists, as they both embraced and challenged modernist American culture. Bebop Modernism and Change

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Reasoning that poor education ultimately would hurt black and white working class children in the Nation’s capitol, community leaders called for neither racial integration nor segregation; rather, they demanded quality education.  Washington, D. C. community activists defined this educational goal unambiguously: (1) the distribution and mastery of the fundamental tools of learning: reading, writing, computational skills, and thinking; (2) academic motivation; and (3) positive character-development.  Each of these elements was supposed to advance as students matriculated from elementary through high school.

Like residents of so many other urban areas, Washington, D. C.’s black community lost the political struggle for quality education.  In 1967, the celebrated Hobson v. Hansen case terminated the school system’s tracking policy, but the court claimed that racial integration automatically improved the educational performance of black students.  Liberal civil rights leaders and educational managerial elites won the day and began to implement various racial integration policies—racial-balance using, magnet school programs, and other education experiments.  Because integration is not an end in itself but only a means to achieve an end, the contradictions and dilemmas quickly became apparent. The Collapse of Urban Public Schooling

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Some think that by setting aside a month or two to honor the contributions of African Americans trivializes it. However, this commemoration does not trivialize it, though  sometimes the way it is implemented in a school curriculum, for example, does trivialize it. It’s what James Banks, a prominent educator, calls the “Contributions Approach” to integration of diverse content into one’s curriculum. Its emphasis is on merely inserting the heroes and events and other cultural components into the curriculum without studying them in their historical context. This type of addition usually results in a superficial understanding of this racial group and serves to reinforce stereotypes and misconceptions. One example of an African American personality who has been trivialized is Martin Luther King, who has been reduced to that of a dreamer. Most young people, if they know anything at all about King, have heard of his “I Have a Dream” speech. However, King was a remarkable scholar who has produced volumes of books and speeches. Letters in Support of Black History Months

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Although Shelby’s call for pragmatic black solidarity seems to be persuasive, his argument is unconvincing, especially in view of the growing segment of young and affluent African Americans who are joining the ranks of the ultra-right wing Republican Party.  Chief among those shifting to the right is a significant segment of the black church, which is being effectively co-opted by the Bush regime’s faith-based initiatives.  This trend toward increasing religious, political, and class differentiation and fragmentation within the black population shows every sign of rendering impossible any form of mass black political unity—pragmatic solidarity or otherwise. Pragmatic Solidarity

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Bill Moyers and James Cone (Interview)  / A Conversation with James Cone

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John Coltrane, “Alabama”  /  Kalamu ya Salaam, “Alabama”  / A Love Supreme

A Blues for the Birmingham Four  /  Eulogy for the Young Victims   / Six Dead After Church Bombing 

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Audio: My Story, My Song (Featuring blues guitarist Walter Wolfman Washington)

Bob Dylan: Only a pawn in their game  / The Lonesome Death Of Hattie Carroll

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The Katrina Papers, by Jerry W. Ward, Jr. $18.95  /  The Richard Wright Encyclopedia (2008)

Dear Jerry, The Richard Wright Encyclopedia (2008) is a marvelous resource! It’s not like any encyclopedia I’ve seen before. Already, I have spent hours reading through the various entries. So much is there: people, themes, issues, events, bibliographies, etc., related to Wright. Yours is a monumental contribution! The more I read Wright (and about him), the more I am amazed at the depth and breadth of his work and its impact on the worlds of literature, philosophy, politics, sociology, history, psychology, etc. He was formidable! Floyd W. Hayes

Dear Jerry,   I received my copy of The Katrina Papers this past weekend. I had to order it directly from UNO Press. This is a formidable volume! You write with such eloquence, passion, insight, and power. As survivor and raconteur of Katrina’s devastation, you give the reader your reflections on this event; you also provide us with informed commentaries about a broad variety of other issues that attract your attention and the people with whom you interact. As a student of politics, I guess I am just overwhelmed by the breadth and depth of your critical observations. Reading this volume and The Richard Wright Encyclopedia, I can comprehend not only the centrality of Richard Wright to your scholarly project, but I also can grasp your own intellectual power and clear vision. For example, your critique of Robert Lashley’ rant about Wright’s LAWD TODAY is the model of the art of critique. Marvelous!   Thanks for your generous comment on my paper on Robeson and Wright. I continue to read both of your books. As always, Floyd W. Hayes

*   *   *   *   *’s 25 Best Selling Books



#1 – Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark #2 – Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree #3 – Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane #4 – Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper #5 – Stackin’ Paper 2 Genesis’ Payback by Joy King #6 – Thug Lovin’ (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark #7 – When I Get Where I’m Going by Cheryl Robinson #8 – Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby #9 – The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane

#10 – Covenant: A Thriller  by Brandon Massey

#11 – Diary Of A Street Diva  by Ashley and JaQuavis

#12 – Don’t Ever Tell  by Brandon Massey

#13 – For colored girls who have considered suicide  by Ntozake Shange

#14 – For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree

#15 – Homemade Loves  by J. California Cooper

#16 – The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper

#17 – Player Haters by Carl Weber

#18 – Purple Panties: An Anthology by Sidney Molare

#19 – Stackin’ Paper by Joy King

#20 – Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey

#21 – The Upper Room by Mary Monroe

#22 – Thug Matrimony  by Wahida Clark

#23 – Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark

#24 – Married Men by Carl Weber

#25 – I Dreamt I Was in Heaven – The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter


#1 – Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable #2 – Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans #3 – Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane #4 – Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper #5 – Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You’re Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant #6 – Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey #7 – The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight #8 – The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing #9 – The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson

#10 – John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History  by Ahati N. N. Toure

#11 – Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley

#12 –The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

#13 – The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell

#14 – The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore

#15 – Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can’t Commit  by RM Johnson

#16 – Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins

#17 – Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell

#18 – A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose by Eckhart Tolle

#19 – John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard

#20 – Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris

#21 – Age Ain’t Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice

#22 – 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino #23 – Chicken Soup for the Prisoner’s Soul by Tom Lagana #24 – 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields

#25 – Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class  by Lisa B. Thompson

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Greenback Planet: How the Dollar Conquered

the World and Threatened Civilization as We Know It

By H. W. Brands

In Greenback Planet, acclaimed historian H. W. Brands charts the dollar’s astonishing rise to become the world’s principal currency. Telling the story with the verve of a novelist, he recounts key episodes in U.S. monetary history, from the Civil War debate over fiat money (greenbacks) to the recent worldwide financial crisis. Brands explores the dollar’s changing relations to gold and silver and to other currencies and cogently explains how America’s economic might made the dollar the fundamental standard of value in world finance. He vividly describes the 1869 Black Friday attempt to corner the gold market, banker J. P. Morgan’s bailout of the U.S. treasury, the creation of the Federal Reserve, and President Franklin Roosevelt’s handling of the bank panic of 1933. Brands shows how lessons learned (and not learned) in the Great Depression have influenced subsequent U.S. monetary policy, and how the dollar’s dominance helped transform economies in countries ranging from Germany and Japan after World War II to Russia and China today.

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Sex at the Margins

Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry

By Laura María Agustín

This book explodes several myths: that selling sex is completely different from any other kind of work, that migrants who sell sex are passive victims and that the multitude of people out to save them are without self-interest. Laura Agustín makes a passionate case against these stereotypes, arguing that the label ‘trafficked’ does not accurately describe migrants’ lives and that the ‘rescue industry’ serves to disempower them. Based on extensive research amongst both migrants who sell sex and social helpers, Sex at the Margins provides a radically different analysis. Frequently, says Agustin, migrants make rational choices to travel and work in the sex industry, and although they are treated like a marginalised group they form part of the dynamic global economy. Both powerful and controversial, this book is essential reading for all those who want to understand the increasingly important relationship between sex markets, migration and the desire for social justice. —Lisa Adkins, University of London

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The New Jim Crow

Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness

By Michele Alexander

Contrary to the rosy picture of race embodied in Barack Obama’s political success and Oprah Winfrey’s financial success, legal scholar Alexander argues vigorously and persuasively that [w]e have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it. Jim Crow and legal racial segregation has been replaced by mass incarceration as a system of social control (More African Americans are under correctional control today… than were enslaved in 1850). Alexander reviews American racial history from the colonies to the Clinton administration, delineating its transformation into the war on drugs. She offers an acute analysis of the effect of this mass incarceration upon former inmates who will be discriminated against, legally, for the rest of their lives, denied employment, housing, education, and public benefits.  Weekly

Most provocatively, she reveals how both the move toward colorblindness and affirmative action may blur our vision of injustice: most Americans know and don’t know the truth about mass incarceration—but her carefully researched, deeply engaging, and thoroughly readable book should change that.—Publishers

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Race, Incarceration, and American Values

By Glenn C. Loury

In this pithy discussion, renowned scholars debate the American penal system through the lens—and as a legacy—of an ugly and violent racial past. Economist Loury argues that incarceration rises even as crime rates fall because we have become increasingly punitive. According to Loury, the disproportionately black and brown prison populations are the victims of civil rights opponents who successfully moved the country’s race dialogue to a seemingly race-neutral concern over crime. Loury’s claims are well-supported with genuinely shocking statistics, and his argument is compelling that even if the racial argument about causes is inconclusive, the racial consequences are clear.

Three shorter essays respond: Stanford law professor Karlan examines prisoners as an inert ballast in redistricting and voting practices; French sociologist Wacquant argues that the focus on race has ignored the fact that inmates are first and foremost poor people; and Harvard philosophy professor

Shelby urges citizens to break with Washington’s political outlook on race. The group’s respectful sparring results in an insightful look at the conflicting theories of race and incarceration, and the slim volume keeps up the pace of the argument without being overwhelming.—Publishers Weekly

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I Must Resist: Bayard Rustin’s Life in Letters 

Edited by Michael G. Long

Bayard Rustin has been called the “lost prophet” of the Civil Rights Movement, a master strategist and organizer of the 1963 March on Washington and a deeply influential figure in the life of Martin Luther King Jr. Despite these achievements, Rustin often remained in the background, largely because he was an openly gay man in a fiercely homophobic era. Published on the centennial of his birth, and in anticipation of the 50th anniversary of the historic March on Washington, I Must Resist: Bayard Rustin’s Life in Letters  are his words shining through a collection of more than 150 of Rustin’s letters. His correspondents include major figures of his day — for example, Eleanor Holmes Norton, A. Philip Randolph, Roy Wilkins, Ella Baker and of course, Martin Luther King Jr. “I have file boxes full of Rustin’s letters that I tracked down in archives across the country,” said book editor Michael G. Long.

“The time it took to complete the research was much longer than I had predicted, not just because of the number of letters I had in hand, but also especially because for their high quality. It was incredibly difficult to weed out those letters I really liked but that did not serve the purpose of putting together a publishable narrative of letters. And there are quite a few of those that are topically fascinating but not easily fitting for a narrative.”—phillytrib

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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Negro Digest / Black World

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 — The Founding of Haiti 

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posted 19 February 2008





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