ChickenBones: A Journal
for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes
I lost a female child (Elizabeth) in 1994 due to Female Genital Mutilation,
which is a tradition in my in-laws family
Fearing Forced Female Genital Mutilation
Nigerian Pamela Enitan Izevbekhai Flees to Ireland with Daughters
My name is Pamela Enitan Izevbekhai, I am a Nigerian seeking permission to remain in Ireland on humanitarian grounds with my two female children, Naomi (4) and Jemima (3). I fled from my country for fear of persecution from my in-laws. I lost a female child (Elizabeth) in 1994 due to Female Genital Mutilation, which is a tradition in my in-laws family and I could not have another child from fright of not knowing if the next would be a boy or a girl. After six years, I had Naomi in 2000 Jemima on 2002. I came under a lot of threats, harassment, and castigations from my in-laws standing the risk of losing my two girls to another possibility of death through Female Genital Mutilation. I am appealing to you to consider my situation for permission to stay in Ireland on humanitarian grounds so that we are not deported back to Nigeria. We will have nothing to go back to but horror, my children will be taken away from me and I will loose my marriage. My husband and I decided that Ireland represents a safe place for us. Please help to give our children a right to life, a right to be free and freedom to be the best they can be. Ireland is the epitome of hope for my children and I. Please help.
* * * * *
FGM Leads Nigerian to Plea for Daughters’ Asylum
By Meghan Sapp
DUBLIN, Ireland (WOMENSENEWS)–Pamela Izevbekhai fled her native Nigeria with her two young daughters just over a year ago and sought refuge in Ireland to save the girls from female genital mutilation. Since then she has been alternatively in housing for asylum seekers, in hiding or in prison. On Monday she was released from prison and now her request for asylum has gone to the country’s High Court.
She left her husband behind in Nigeria. It is his family who insists the girls undergo the procedure, and some relatives are in the United Kingdom. They chose to seek asylum in Ireland because it is an English-speaking nation and she felt safer there.Izevbekhai, a banking executive who used to work in Lagos, knows the horrors of female circumcision well. Her first daughter, Elizabeth, bled to death at 18 months of age in 1994 when the family of her husband–a successful businessman–demanded the procedure.
Female genital mutilation sometimes entails the removal of the clitoris. It can also entail cutting the outer labia and sewing together the remaining skin so that only urine and menstrual fluid can escape. “I have a daughter in the grave, don’t you understand that?” Izevbekhai demanded of the barrister representing the Irish government during her hearing. Now Izevbekhai is struggling to prevent her living daughters from meeting the same fate as their deceased sister.
On Monday, Irish High Court Justice Finlay Geoghehan released Izevbekhai from Mountjoy Prison where she had been held since Jan. 13 and ordered her to return to the asylum home in Sligo where she and her daughters had lived during the past year. Despite repeated calls by Galway-based Rape Crisis Network Ireland and the Health Service Executive, the country’s national health service, Izevbekhai may still be deported.
Lost Appeal in November
Last November, Izevbekhai lost her appeal to gain asylum in Ireland, resulting in the deportation order that sent her into hiding. After a month in underground safe houses, she was arrested by immigration officers who followed a tip and discovered her in a meeting with a social worker who was trying to help her see her children. The girls, Jemima, age 3, and Naomi, age 5, were in state-run foster care at the time. As the justice read out her prison release order on Monday, Izevbekhai held back tears, but one of her two female prison guards gave in to them.
In the small courtroom reserved for asylum cases at the High Court in Dublin, more than a half dozen wigged senior barristers considered her case as about a dozen newspaper and radio journalists sat in the back of the room.Beside Izevbekhai a row of supporters sat on the edge of their seats, their hands going out to her every time she went to or came back from the witness box. Monday’s release allows Izevbekhai to stay in the country until the next step in the legal process, at which time she may or may not be ordered back to Nigeria.
Her lawyers say the case will go through a handful of hearings and may not be resolved until late June.Documents including baby Elizabeth’s death certificate and a doctor’s report detailing the cause of death as well as a letter from the attending physician dated Jan. 19, 2006, explain the risks Izevbekhai and her daughters face if deported.
Asylum Petition Central to Case
The case revolves around the question of why her asylum petition was rejected despite evidence that both she and her children face danger in Nigeria. Her lawyers call that gross neglect and are pinning hopes of gaining her freedom through the country’s highest court by proving the charge.The government claims her children are not at risk in their home country. Izevbekhai and her supporters say the decision was reached on the basis of faulty reports of female genital mutilation that have since been revised.
Izevbekhai’s case includes a list of risks–including kidnapping and genital mutilation of her daughters as well as violence to herself–that would seemingly grant nearly automatic asylum in just about any European country. Female genital mutilation, however, is not specified as a risk in itself, although it is recognized as a human rights abuse and an illegal act by both the European Union and the African Union, including Nigeria.
Nigeria’s president, Olusegun Obasanjo, has led the African Union for two years up until this week, when the seat rotated to the president of the Democratic Republic of Congo.Obasanjo chaired the 2003 signing of the Maputo Protocol banning human rights abuses against women. The protocol includes especially harmful traditional practices such as female genital mutilation. Yet according to the letter from Izevbekhai’s doctor–seen by Women’s eNews–the national government continues to look the other way on such practices.
Maputo Protocol in Force
Togo was the 15th and last country needed to ratify and sign the protocol in October, bringing the protocol into force Nov. 26. Mozambique also ratified the protocol Dec. 8, the same day Izevbekhai went into hiding. Further ratification and government-led training on implementing the protocol is now needed, said Khady Koita, a Paris-based advocate who recently published a book about her own mutilation experiences, “Khady Mutilee,” or “Mutilated Khady.”
“Now it is all our jobs to best implement this protocol. It is up to the governments to monitor the program and train themselves in the protocol. When people don’t know what’s in it, they can’t use it,” she said. Koita’s book was released last October in French in an enormous first run of 70,000 copies. Translations in 14 languages are planned in coming months with Italian and German scheduled for February. Japanese, Brazilian Portuguese, Russian and Polish will follow. The book still lacks an English publisher.
Koita hopes her book not only opens minds but also helps girls to speak with their parents about female genital mutilation. In the book, Koita writes that 60,000 mutilated girls live in France while 2 million girls worldwide are mutilated every year.Izevbekhai is herself “intact” and does not come from a tradition where girls are mutilated. She and her husband have been trying to protect their daughters from his parents who have stopped at nothing to get a hold of the girls, including attempted kidnap on a handful of occasions.
In his letter, the doctor said Izevbekhai’s mother-in-law has approached the hospital where he worked to have the procedure done there. The hospital denied her request, he said, and though they tried to educate her against what he called the “evils” of female genital mutilation, he said she continues to believe her grandchildren will not find suitable husbands if they remain intact.
Meghan Sapp is European correspondent for Women’s eNews. She is a freelance journalist based in Brussels, Belgium, and writes primarily on trade, development and agriculture issues.
For more information:
27 January 2006
* * * * *
#1 – Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark #2 – Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree #3 – Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane #4 – Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper #5 – Stackin’ Paper 2 Genesis’ Payback by Joy King #6 – Thug Lovin’ (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark #7 – When I Get Where I’m Going by Cheryl Robinson #8 – Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby #9 – The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane
#10 – Covenant: A Thriller by Brandon Massey
#11 – Diary Of A Street Diva by Ashley and JaQuavis
#12 – Don’t Ever Tell by Brandon Massey
#13 – For colored girls who have considered suicide by Ntozake Shange
#14 – For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree
#15 – Homemade Loves by J. California Cooper
#16 – The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper
#17 – Player Haters by Carl Weber
#18 – Purple Panties: An Eroticanoir.com Anthology by Sidney Molare
#19 – Stackin’ Paper by Joy King
#20 – Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey
#21 – The Upper Room by Mary Monroe
#22 Thug Matrimony by Wahida Clark
#23 – Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark
#24 – Married Men by Carl Weber
#25 – I Dreamt I Was in Heaven – The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter
#1 – Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable #2 – Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans #3 – Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane #4 – Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper #5 – Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You’re Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant #6 – Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey #7 – The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight #8 – The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing #9 – The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson
#10 – John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History by Ahati N. N. Toure
#11 – Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley
#12 –The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander
#13 – The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell
#14 – The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore
#15 – Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can’t Commit by RM Johnson
#16 – Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins
#17 – Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell
#18 – A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose by Eckhart Tolle
#19 – John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard
#20 – Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris
#21 – Age Ain’t Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice
#22 – 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino #23 – Chicken Soup for the Prisoner’s Soul by Tom Lagana #24 – 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields
#25 – Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class by Lisa B. Thompson
* * * * *
By Russell Simmons
Russell Simmons knows firsthand that wealth is rooted in much more than the stock market. True wealth has more to do with what’s in your heart than what’s in your wallet. Using this knowledge, Simmons became one of America’s shrewdest entrepreneurs, achieving a level of success that most investors only dream about. No matter how much material gain he accumulated, he never stopped lending a hand to those less fortunate. In Super Rich, Simmons uses his rare blend of spiritual savvy and street-smart wisdom to offer a new definition of wealth-and share timeless principles for developing an unshakable sense of self that can weather any financial storm. As Simmons says, “Happy can make you money, but money can’t make you happy.”
* * * * *
By Michele Alexander
Contrary to the rosy picture of race embodied in Barack Obama’s political success and Oprah Winfrey’s financial success, legal scholar Alexander argues vigorously and persuasively that [w]e have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it. Jim Crow and legal racial segregation has been replaced by mass incarceration as a system of social control (More African Americans are under correctional control today… than were enslaved in 1850). Alexander reviews American racial history from the colonies to the Clinton administration, delineating its transformation into the war on drugs. She offers an acute analysis of the effect of this mass incarceration upon former inmates who will be discriminated against, legally, for the rest of their lives, denied employment, housing, education, and public benefits. Most provocatively, she reveals how both the move toward colorblindness and affirmative action may blur our vision of injustice: most Americans know and don’t know the truth about mass incarcerationbut her carefully researched, deeply engaging, and thoroughly readable book should change that.Publishers Weekly
* * * * *
From The World and Africa, 1965
* * * * *
* * * * *
If you like this page consider making a donation
online through PayPal
* * * * *
Browse all issues
* * * * *
* * * * *
* * * * *
* * * * *
update 17 December 2011