ChickenBones: A Journal

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Or Send contributions to: ChickenBones: A Journal / 2005 Arabian Drive / Finksburg, MD 21048 Help Save ChickenBones

Educating Our Children Table

Some African-American Firsts & Inventions / Moratorium on School Closings in Baltimore / The Dropout Challenge

Chicago Public Schools teachers’ strike over

By Rosalind Rossi

Union releases details of deal that could end teachers’ strike

Statement by CTU President Karen Lewis

Talks Fail; Chicago Teachers Union on Strike

Statement by CTU President Karen Lewis

Timbuktu Tomb Destroyers Pulverize Islam’s history 

Reforming Education for Liberation

Martin Luther King’s Vision 

 I Have A Dream     

Letter from Birmingham Jail

Jerry Sandusky on Suicide Watch, Undergoing Evaluations—Colleen Curry—Bellefonte, Pa., June 23, 2012—Jerry Sandusky is on suicide watch at the local jail after being convicted on 45 counts of sexually abusing young boys, the former Penn State coach’s defense attorney said today. Sandusky was led away in handcuffs to the Centre County jail Friday night after a jury of seven women and five men found him guilty of nearly all of the most serious allegations of child rape and sex abuse leveled against him, but Sandusky has not reached the end of his road yet. He will still face civil suits, potentially more criminal charges against him, and years of treatment while in prison. After the jury foreman read 45 “guilty” verdicts aloud to an emotionless Sandusky Friday night, Judge John Cleland revoked bail and sent Sandusky to county jail to be evaluated by the Sexual Offenders Assessment Board for a pre-sentencing report, taking into account his psychological and physical health. Defense attorney Karl Rominger told CNN today that Sandusky is being held on suicide watch in protective custody, away from other inmates. The jail would not comment on Sandusky’s condition to ABC News. Sandusky will be held at the county jail for approximately 90 days, until he is sentenced by Cleland to what will likely amount to life in prison. —abcnews

Bobby Womack “Please Forgive My Heart” / Our Black Year One Family’s Quest to Buy Black  (Maggie Anderson)

West Indian Narrative: An Introductory Anthology– 1 23 4  / Glenis Redmond:  What We Carry Lifting   Mama’s Magic   She   Mango  If I Ain’t African 


Teach for America

The Hidden Curriculum of Liberal DoGooders

By Andrew Hartman

Reforming Education for Liberation

Visual Artists and Their Works  /

Civil Rights: Struggle for Black Power

Alternative Media and the Black Press Table

James Forman:  Albany, Georgia Movement  /  James Forman: Unemployment and Poverty Action Committee / James Forman: The Black Panthers  /  James Forman: Response to Reparations

Cuba Gooding, Jr. in Red Tails

Interview with Kam Williams

First students graduate from Winfrey’s South African school

By Donna Bryson

Rev Shuttlesworth Story  /  Fred Shuttlesworth and Martin Luther King, Jr.  /  Fred Shuttlesworth Overview  /  Fred Shuttlesworth: Stopping at Nothing for Equal Rights

Survey: Nigerians Most Educated in the U.S.— Naeesa Aziz—20 March 2012—According to 2006 census data, 37 percent of Nigerians in the U.S. had bachelor’s degrees, 17 percent held master’s degrees and 4 percent had doctorates. In contrast, the same census data showed only 19 percent of white Americans had bachelor’s degrees, 8 percent held master’s degrees and only 1 percent held doctorates, the paper reports. The census data was bolstered by an independent analysis of 13 annual Houston-area surveys conducted by Rice University and commissioned by the Chronicle. “These are higher levels of educational attainment than were found in any other . . . community,” Stephen Klineberg, a sociologist at Rice University who conducts the annual Houston Area Survey, told the paper.

However, despite the strides in education made by many African immigrants, including Nigerian-Americans, discrimination still colors their prospects for employment. A study of 2010 employment data by the Economic Policy Institute showed that, across nationalities and ethnic groups, Black immigrants carried the highest unemployment rate of all foreign-born workers.—bet

Black ArtFrench Mulattos  / The Achievements of Elijah Muhammad  / Full Moon Night and Other Poems  /  Of Obama and Oakland  /  Which Way Freedom  /  Vashti McKenzie

Tennessee Tea Party to Children What Slaves?

By Abby Zimet

Showing a marked adversity for anything remotely resembling the truth, Tennessee Tea Party leaders have issued “demands” to state legislators that schools stop teaching—through “neglect and outright ill-will”—all that bad stuff about our fine Founding Fathers like the “made-up criticism” that maybe they owned slaves or killed Indians or did other icky things, and that, “No portrayal of minority experience in the history which actually occurred shall obscure the experience or contributions of the Founding Fathers, or the majority of citizens.” This, after Texas approved 100 revisions to textbooks for its almost five million kids that would rename slave trade “Atlantic triangular trade,” explore the “unintended consequences” of affirmative action,” emphasize the role of the Christian Church in the nation’s founding, call for studying iconic conservatives like Phyllis Schlafly and The Moral Majority, and otherwise twist “history” to their liking.”We seek to compel the teaching (of) the truth regarding the history of our nation and the nature of its government.”— Commondreams

Radical Equations

Civil Rights from Mississippi to the Algebra Project

By Robert P. Moses and Charlie E. Cobb

Begun in 1982, the Algebra Project is transforming math education in twenty-five cities. Founded on the belief that math-science literacy is a prerequisite for full citizenship in society, the Project works with entire communities—parents, teachers, and especially students—to create a culture of literacy around algebra, a crucial stepping-stone to college math and opportunity.  Telling the story of this remarkable program, Robert Moses draws on lessons from the 1960s Southern voter registration he famously helped organize: “Everyone said sharecroppers didn’t want to vote. It wasn’t until we got them demanding to vote that we got attention. Today, when kids are falling wholesale through the cracks, people say they don’t want to learn. We have to get the kids themselves to demand what everyone says they don’t want.” /

From Atlanta to East Africa (

Charles Cobb Jr.)

Tea parties issue demands to Tennessee legislators—13 January 2011—“Neglect and outright ill will have distorted the teaching of the history and character of the United States. We seek to compel the teaching of students in Tennessee the truth regarding the history of our nation and the nature of its government.” That would include, the documents say, that “the Constitution created a Republic, not a Democracy.” . . .“No portrayal of minority experience in the history which actually occurred shall obscure the experience or contributions of the Founding Fathers, or the majority of citizens, including those who reached positions of leadership.”—


King: Montgomery to Memphis  /  Pogus Caesar—Portrait Of Handworth riot in 1985  /  Rage Against The Machine—Revolution in The Head

Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage

By William Loren Katz

Christmas Eve marks the anniversary of one of the least known battles for freedom and self-determination fought in North America. In 1837, in what had become the state of Florida less than a generation earlier, the freedom fighters were members of the Seminole Nation, an alliance of African slave runaways and Native American Seminoles. They faced the strongest power in the Americas, the combined armed forces of the United States Army, Navy and Marines, whose goal was to crush the bi-racial alliance and return its African-American members to slavery. . . . This battle took place during the Second Seminole War (1835-1842), which involved U.S. Naval and Marine units, at times half of the Army, and cost 1,500 military deaths and U.S. taxpayers $30 million [pre-Civil War dollars]. After his decimated army limped back to Fort Gardner, Zachary Taylor won promotion by claiming, “the Indians were driven in every direction.” Later, using his reputation as an “Indian fighter,” Taylor won election as the 12th President of the United States. The Seminole alliance at Lake Okeechobee delivered the Army’s worst defeat in decades of Florida warfare. However truth about the battle and the three wars long remain buried, hidden or distorted.— ConsortiumNews

Fifty Influential Figures in African-American History  / A Caring and Just Society  (President Barack Obama) / 50 Fascinating Facts for Women’s History Month

Post Katrina One Hundred Thousand Yet to Return (Junious Ricardo Stanton)  / Creating an Oasis in Overbrook  


Mismanaging Education in Philadelphia

Business as Usual

By Junious Ricardo Stanton

Unschooler Education Celebrated by CNN

By C. Liegh McInnis

 We’ve Lost The Moral Imperative    / The Jig Is Up (Stanton)  / Don’t Get Snookered by Obama Reforms

Fanon: A Novel by John Edgar Wideman / The Wretched of the Earth /  We Are the Ones We Have Been Waiting For  / Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher

The Black Dutchmen: The Story of African SoldiersTen Paces  /  Shailja Patel on her poetry and new book, Migritude  / Black Mexicans & Afro-Latino Identity

Child Humiliated By Mock Slave Auction at Elementary School—By Samuel Aleshinloye—4 March  2011—Gahanna, Ohio—An African-American mother and son were astonished after a History teacher at Chapelfield Elementary School held a mock slave auction,  dividing the class into “Slaves” and “Masters”. The class only had two black students in the class; one was assigned “Master”, and the other, Nikko Burton, was assigned “Slave.”

Burton, 10, was sent to his seat after he refused to be poked, prodded, and be humiliated during the reenactment.  A spokeswomen for the school maintains that the lesson is part of a “state required” curriculum. While a representative for the school has apologized to the family over the phone, 10 year old Burton wishes that the teacher would have apologized to him personally.—NewsOne

Ebony’s Fifty Influential Figures in African-American History  Frederick DouglassW.E.B. Du Bois  /  Martin Luther King, Jr. . . . .

Men We Love, Men We HateSAC writings from Douglass, McDonogh 35, and McMain high schools in New Orleans.

An anthology on the topic of men and relationships with men

Ways of LaughingAn Anthology of Young Black VoicesPhotographed & Edited by Kalamu ya Salaam

  Poems by Kalamu : Govern Yrself Accordingly   / You Can’t Survive on Salt WaterIf You’re Still the Same Afterwards . . . Be About Beauty  / Flying Over America

Detroit Ordered to Close Half Its Public Schools Amid Budget Crisis—22 Feb 2011—Tylan Franklin, 8, stands outside Bunche Elementary in Detroit on March 17. The school closed in June, and now Detroit has been ordered to close half its remaining 142 public schools over the next four years to make up a $327 million deficit. . . . The plan, mandated by state education officials, will reduce the number of schools in the district from 142 to 72.Robert Bobb, the district’s emergency financial manager, said he was preparing a list of recommended school closures and that layoffs would be announced closer to April, according to The Detroit News. But Bobb said he doesn’t think the plan will be effective because it’s likely to drive students out of the district, making the fiscal crisis worse. He expects the district’s 74,000 students will have been reduced to 58,570 by 2014.

The Detroit school budget is weighed down with $53 million in pension costs, $45 million for health care and $27 million for utilities. The district has lost 83,336 students in the past 10 years, which translates to a loss of more than $573 million in fundingAOLnews

The MatrixPresident’s Forum with Young African Leaders   /  Troy Davis about to be killed by the state of Georgia  / Eduardo Galeano: Mirrors: Stories

Yelli—Baka women yodelers  /  Amanda Mutamba Muhunde—Africa’s rape victims   /  Liberia’s first postwar generation starts school  /  K’naan—Wavin’ Flag

A Time for Peace—A Time for War

By Wilson J. Moses

The Michael D Terry Scholarship Board Presents

Celebrating the Promise of Our Youth  Luncheon

Saturday, April 30, 2011  4:00 p.m.

Holy Comforter Church Hall / 5513 York Road

Baltimore, Maryland 21212

Romare Bearden’s Southern Sensibility / The song that lies silent in the heart of a mother sings upon the lips of her child. (Kahlil Gibran)

Michigan School Official Begs Governor, “Make My School A Prison”—Thursday May 26, 2011 –Consider the life of a Michigan prisoner. They get three square meals a day, access to free health care, Internet, cable television, access to a library, access to weight rooms, and access to computer labs. While in prison they can earn a degree. Convicts get a roof over their heads and clothing. Everything we just listed we DO NOT provide to our school children.We treat our prisoners better than we treat our school children. The State of Michigan spends annually somewhere between $30,000 and $40,000 per prisoner, yet we are struggling to provide schools with $7,000 per student. I guess we need to treat our students like they are prisoners, with equal funding. Please give my students three meals a day. Please give my children access to free health care. Please provide my school district Internet access and computers. Please put books in my library. Please give my students a weight room so they can be big and strong.

We provide all of these things to prisoners because they have constitutional rights. What about the rights of our youth, who represent our future? You’d think we’d to more to secure the future of our own students. Instead, we keep hammering the educational institutions to do their jobs better with less money. It would be nice if our prisoners could start living a little leaner and with fewer resources.—Nathan Bootz, Letter to Michigan Governor Rick Snyder

There’s no big accomplishment in acting white (after being subjected to some third stream muzak) / I Choose Us: The African  Mosquitoes Fly Out My Head

Cuba— Performing Arts—Today, the Cuban government’s ongoing commitment to arts education means that it is constantly looking for new and better ways to deliver it. This includes training young art instructors from the age of 14 to teach music, dance, drama and the visual arts in primary and secondary schools across the country. Cubans believe that school should be the cultural centre of the community. It should be a place where young people can learn about their cultural heritage, and develop the skills to express themselves creatively. Teachers TV 

My Holy Bible for African-American Children

King James Version. by Cheryl and Wade Hudson

Book Review by Kam Williams

Recent Incidents of Students in ‘Blackface’ Arise in Texas and Maryland — Students at Texas A&M University, University of Texas at Austin, and John Hopkins University have recently participated in behavior that is degrading and offensive to students of color.  EurWeb

African American Family Histories at Monticello

“I was born at Monticello….” Peter Fossett, 1898, and Henry Martin, 1914. Over the decades, hundreds could have spoken those words. Below are profiles of a few of those born into slavery at Monticello. For more information about these people, their descendants, and members of other families with ancestral ties to Monticello

   Plantation Database   Monticello Getting Word   Monticello Classroom

Students at the Center (SAC) is an independent program that since 1996 has worked within public schools in New Orleans. The students of SAC participate through English and elective writing and social studies classes in their schools. We teach both regular and advanced core curriculum classes that are open to all students. In addition to the daily classes, since Hurricane Katrina, SAC graduates have worked as key staff members, serving as resource teachers in public school classrooms, organizers for youth involvement, and producers of youth media. SACnola

Black History (audio) by Gil Scott-Heron  /  Gil Scott-Heron & His Music Reviews by Mtume ya Salaam & Kalamu ya Salaam

The Mis-Education of African American Youth

By Kwame M.A. Somburu

Where teachers rule—In Milwaukee, which is a national leader in the movement toward teacher-led schools, there will be at least 14 such programs next year, and that figure does not count private schools. Appleton will have two teacher-led schools next year. Minnesota, another leader in the movement, has 15 schools where the teachers are part of a workers’ cooperative structured much like a law firm, so they not only make most of the decisions related to the school, but also set their own salaries. Education officials and teachers unions in California, Chicago and other places are studying the teacher-led model. “If it catches on, it could absolutely revolutionize the public system and the bureaucracy surrounding it,” said Doug Thomas, executive director of EdVisions Cooperative in Minnesota. Even staunch supporters of the model concede that it is not for everyone: It requires extra time, will not work if the teachers don’t familiarize themselves with the policies, procedures and politics of the district, and can be difficult to adapt to larger schools. Journal Sentinel

Black History Month 2010

We went into slavery a piece of property; we came out American citizens. We went into slavery pagans; we came out Christians. We went into slavery without a language; we came out speaking the proud Anglo-Saxon tongue. We went into slavery with slave chains clanking about our wrists; we came out with the American ballot in our hands. Progress, progress is the law of nature; under God it shall be our eternal guiding star.—Booker Taliaferro Washington

After the Egyptian and Indian, the Greek and Roman, the Teuton and Mongolian, the Negro is a sort of seventh son, born with a veil, and gifted with second-sight in this American world, — a world which yields him no true self-consciousness, but only lets him see himself through the revelation of the other world.—W. E. B. Du Bois

God and Nature first made us what we are, and then out of our own created genius we make ourselves what we want to be. Follow always that great law. Let the sky and God be our limit and Eternity our measurementMarcus Garvey

You know my friends, there comes a time when people get tired of being trampled by the iron feet of oppression ….If we are wrong, the Supreme Court of this nation is wrong. If we are wrong, the Constitution of the United States is wrong. And if we are wrong, God Almighty is wrong. If we are wrong, Jesus of Nazareth was merely a utopian dreamer that never came down to Earth. If we are wrong, justice is a lie, love has no meaning. And we are determined here in Montgomery to work and fight until justice runs down like water, and righteousness like a mighty stream.—M. L. King

<—––artist Chuck Siler

Why I Changed My Mind About School Reform—The current emphasis on accountability has created a punitive atmosphere in the schools. The Obama administration seems to think that schools will improve if we fire teachers and close schools. They do not recognize that schools are often the anchor of their communities, representing values, traditions and ideals that have persevered across decades. They also fail to recognize that the best predictor of low academic performance is poverty—not bad teachers. What we need is not a marketplace, but a coherent curriculum that prepares all students. And our government should commit to providing a good school in every neighborhood in the nation, just as we strive to provide a good fire company in every community.On our present course, we are disrupting communities, dumbing down our schools, giving students false reports of their progress, and creating a private sector that will undermine public education without improving it. Most significantly, we are not producing a generation of students who are more knowledgable, and better prepared for the responsibilities of citizenship. That is why I changed my mind about the current direction of school reform. —Wall Street Journal

Moratorium on Theory

A Response to Wilson J. Moses by Rudolph Lewis

Bridging the Racial Gap in Education

By Marvin X


African or American?

Black Identity and Political Activism in New York City, 1784-1861

By Leslie Alexander

 Focusing on the meaning of African heritage, Black Nationalism, community, and African emigration in New York City during the antebellum period, Alexander provides a compelling argument for the emergence of African heritage and identity and charts the waxing and waning of its meaning in the black community.”—Leslie M. Harris, author of In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626-1863

“Alexander brilliantly examines this topic for black people in antebellum New York City. . . . An important contribution. Highly recommended.”—Choice

Alexander’s . . . survey of black leadership is excellent, her sensitivity to local black politics is admirable, and her tracing of the varied black investment in emigrations is … correct and adds to our understanding of antebellum reform and nationalism.”—American Historical Review

African or American? breaks new ground in its sustained attention to principal but little-known black community organizations and leaders in New York City. The comprehensive, in-depth treatment of the Five Points district, Seneca Village’s relationship to Central Park, the Negro’s burial ground, and more make this book exceptional. It is the best discussion to date of being an American in relation to antebellum blacks that I have read.”—Sterling Stuckey, author of Going through the Storm: The Influence of African American Art in History

School Security Guards Beat Teen over Cake Spill: Palmdale—It all started with a piece of birthday cake, but it ended up with a high school girl being beaten and expelled. The incident, which occurred last week at Knight High School in Palmdale, was caught on a cell phone camera. Michael Brownlee was live in Palmdale with what the girl and her mother plan to do now— Clearly, Injustice is not just in Jena—Cynthia McKinney Leading the Negro into Modernity

From HBCUs to BCUs

Mordecai’s Dream Is in Serious Jeopardy

By Roy L. Beasley

“Arise and go, your faith has made you well”  (Luke 17 v. 15-19).  / / / Give thanks in all circumstances, for this is God’s will (I Thessalonians 5, v. 18).

How the markets really work (from 2007): How did these comedians see it coming when financial reporters did not? Brasschecktv

The Birmingham Children’s March started on May 2, 1963. Flyers had been distributed in black schools and neighborhoods that said, “Fight for freedom first then go to school” and “It’s up to you to free our teachers, our parents, yourself, and our country.”

On May 2, more than a thousand students skipped school and gathered at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church. Demonstrators marched to the downtown area, to meet with the Mayor, and integrate the chosen buildings. More than 1,200 children were arrested the first day in a demonstration that received national attention.

Teachers can request a free copy of the excellent film, The Children’s March, from Teaching Tolerance: For more resources for “teaching outside the textbook” about the Civil Rights Movement, check out this list from the Zinn Education Project website: / More about the march on the King Papers Project website: Stanford.Childrens_Crusade/ Photo: May 4, 1963.See More—in Birmingham, Alabama

A Short History of “When the Levee Breaks”—On Saturday [30 August 2008], a million citizens fled Louisiana for safer ground, after Hurricane Gustav metamorphosed into a Category 4 hurricane in a mere 24 hours. It is scheduled to slam into the U.S. almost exactly three years after Hurricane Katrina did the same, visiting the kind of disaster dystopia one usually sees in film or music. . . . Louisiana authorities explain that there will be no shelter for those left behind or who choose to stay behind. It’s a familiar refrain for those caught up in this recurring environmental nightmare, perhaps more familiar than you think. “When the Levee Breaks” was first created by the Delta bluesmen Kansas Joe McCoy and Memphis Minnie. Listen to the original.  / Where’s Fats Domino? 

Mayor Bloomberg’s budget ax will prune key public library branches—“Queens Library was recently recognized nationally as Library Journal ‘s ‘2009 Library of the Year’ in part because of the quality, depth and breadth of our programs and services,” said Thomas Galante, the library’s CEO. “When service hours are reduced by over 40% – as would happen with this budget – nearly every opportunity library users currently have, to improve and enrich their lives, could be lost behind locked doors.” For the 50,000 people who walk through the doors of the Queens Library system each day, this would be tragic. The city’s proposed budget calls for slashing $16.9 million on July 1 from the Queens Library. This is on top of previous funding reductions, bringing the total cut to $28.3 million—30% sustained since 2008. . . . “Even during the depths of the Great Depression, libraries remained open seven days a week to serve a population desperately in need.” Galante said.  Source: NYDaily News / Black Librarians Table

We All Live in Jena–National Student Walk-Out to rally and show support for the Jena 6

 National Call to Action! / Monday, October 1, 2007 / 12:00 Noon, Central Time

 For more info contact / To add your school to the list, email or  


Malcolm     Shine & the Titanic   Poem for Our Fathers   Poem for Our Mothers

 By Professor ARTURO


Global News: Politics—Literature & the Arts

Queen Africa (and other poems) Dangerous Abroad   Blue Eyed Dolls in Africa  Out of America or How I Became a Marxist   When I was a Tennis Player


Kwansaba for James Brown

                                  By Mary E. Weems

James Brown brought God some funk cologne

made his head tilt ace deuce, hair

fried, dyed, laid to the side, even

his angels wanted hats with chains, capes

a chance to make Maceo hit it!

At night brother Brown writes freedom! on

wings sends love South—with some skin.

Five Poems   News at Noon   Argo Starch   . Global News:Politics—Literature & the Arts

Other Yictove files: On the Passing of Malvina Turk    That Town  Jammin   American Money  Mr Politician   Blue Print Contents 

Soliloquy for Cain  Photograph      Grandma Turk   Tropical Love   Guest Poets  Poetic Journey  Yictove Obituary & Poems / In Future



Mojos in Africa & Other Poems

By  Peter Eric Adotey Addo

Global News:Politics—Literature & the Arts

Africans in Dublin, Ireland—Almost all the children who could not find elementary school places in a Dublin suburb this year were black, the government said Monday, highlighting Ireland’s problems integrating its increasingly diverse population. The children will attend a new, all-black school, a prospect that educators called disheartening. . . .More than 25,000 Africans have settled in Ireland since the mid-1990s. Most arrived as asylum seekers, and many took advantage of Ireland’s law — unique in Europe — of granting citizenship to parents of any Irish-born child. Voters toughened that law in a 2004 referendum. Shawn Pogatchnik. Black children left out of Irish schools.

Back to School Poems for Children

By Yvonne Terry

Building African Libraries Project  Cecil Elementary’s Black History Month  / Children Are Our Future  /  The Global African Presence 


Seven-Year-Old Black Child Arrested, Cuffed, Fingerprinted

in Baltimore, a City with a Black Mayor, Sheila Dixon

“I am very concerned about what I am hearing. As a mother and as a parent, I am bothered by it,” she said.

“I will get to the bottom of this.”

Grace Boggs: The Worst and Best of Times  Crime Among Our People   The Dropout Challenge  Give Detroit Schools a Fresh Start   Food Future Past                                    Going Beyond Black and White     A Thoughtful Conversation about Religion

Free Shaquanda Cotton

Shaquanda Cotton, 14-year-old black freshman,  shoved a 58-year- old teacher’s aide at Paris High School (Texas) in a dispute over entering   the building before the school day had officially begun. She was  tried in March 2006 in the town’s juvenile court, convicted of   “assault on a public servant” and sentenced by Judge Chuck Superville to prison for up to 7 years, until she turns 21. . . . Backward Glance — Paris, Texas is the home of the Paris Fairgrounds, a stage where  thousands of white ’spectators’ would gather to burn and lynch  blacks as if at some sort of carnival.  contact 

Supreme Courts Halts Racial Integration—“The way to stop discrimination on the basis of race is to stop discriminating on the basis of race,” he said. His side of the debate, the chief justice said, was “more faithful to the heritage of Brown,” the landmark 1954 decision that declared school segregation unconstitutional. “When it comes to using race to assign children to schools, history will be heard,” Chief Justice John G. Roberts Jr. . . . While Justices Antonin Scalia, Clarence Thomas and Samuel A. Alito Jr. joined his opinion on the schools case in full, the fifth member of the majority, Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, did not. . . . Justice Kennedy said achieving racial diversity, “avoiding racial isolation” and addressing “the problem of de facto resegregation in schooling” were “compelling interests” that a school district could constitutionally pursue as long as it did so through programs that were sufficiently “narrowly tailored.” . . . “It is not often in the law that so few have so quickly changed so much,” Justice Breyer said. . . . “This is a decision that the court and the nation will come to regret.” . . . Justices John Paul Stevens, David H. Souter and Ruth Bader Ginsburg signed Justice Breyer’s opinion. Justice Stevens wrote a dissenting opinion of his own, as pointed as it was brief.  Linda Greenhouse. Justices Limit the Use of Race in School Plans for Integration. NYTimes

Education files: Black Education  / Afterword  / Ten Vital Principles for Black Education   / Going Beyond Black and White  /  Control, Conflict, and Change

50 Years of Progress Since Brown / Quality Education for Black & Brown / Abell Report  The Meritocracy Myth  / The Collapse of Urban Public Schooling 

Statistics on the Inequities Responses to Race as a Decoy for Class  / Give Detroit Schools a Fresh Start   


SOS: A Rising Student Movement 

Miseducation of America’s Youth

By Grace Lee Boggs

The Biography of Philip Reid

Historical Fiction by Eugene Walton

Security Guards Beat School Teen over Cake Spill

Cecil Elementary’s Black History Month

Rosa Parks

2/4/1913 -10/24/2005

Zora Neale Hurston —  Court Order Can’t Make Races Mix  /  The Black Joan of Arc


More from Grace Boggs: Crime Among Our People   The Dropout Challenge  Give Detroit Schools a Fresh Start   Food Future Past   Going Beyond Black and White

Cudjoe Lewis—Last African Born in Africa

Brought to the United States by the transatlantic slave trade

Cudjoe Lewis is believed to be the last African born on African soil and brought to the United States by the transatlantic slave trade. He was a native of Takon, Benin, where he was captured in 1860 during an illegal slave-trading venture. Congress outlawed the importation of slaves in 1808. Together with more than a hundred other captured Africans, he was brought on the ship Clotilde to Mobile, Alabama. Cudjoe and 31 other enslaved Africans were taken to the property owned by Timothy Meaher, shipbuilder and owner of the Clotilde. 5 years later slavery was over so Cudjoe and his tribespeople requested to be taken back to Africa, but it was left ignored. He and other Africans established a community near Mobile, Alabama which became called Africatown. They maintained their African language and tribal customs well into the 1950s. He died in 1934 at the age of 94. Before he died, he gave several interviews on his experiences including one to the writer Zora Neale Hurston. During her interview in 1928, she made a short film of Cudjoe, the only moving image that exists in the Western Hemisphere of an African transported through the Transatlantic Slave Trade.—MasterAdept 

Jane Musoke-Nteyafas–Poems, Interviews, & a Story by : Meet Jay Lou Ava   Where Is the Love of All Things African? WE BE BLACK PEOPLE 

REMEMBER: CHEIKH ANTA DIOP   AFRO-DISIAC   FORBIDDEN FRUIT  Enough with the Poisonous Lyrics   Interview with Rudolph Lewis  

Reclaiming America’s Soul—Others, I suspect, would rather not revisit those [Bush] years because they don’t want to be reminded of their own sins of omission. For the fact is that officials in the Bush administration instituted torture as a policy, misled the nation into a war they wanted to fight and, probably, tortured people in the attempt to extract “confessions” that would justify that war. And during the march to war, most of the political and media establishment looked the other way. It’s hard, then, not to be cynical when some of the people who should have spoken out against what was happening, but didn’t, now declare that we should forget the whole era — for the sake of the country, of course. Sorry, but what we really should do for the sake of the country is have investigations both of torture and of the march to war. These investigations should, where appropriate, be followed by prosecutions — not out of vindictiveness, but because this is a nation of laws. We need to do this for the sake of our future. For this isn’t about looking backward, it’s about looking forward — because it’s about reclaiming America’s soul. NYTimes  America With Its Pants Down  / The Dark Side of Obedience / A Lie Unravels the World 

Natalie Randolph Breaks Football’s Glass Ceiling—March 15, 2010—Natalie Randolph kicked through a glass ceiling in sports Friday when she was named head coach of the varsity football team at Washington, D.C.’s Coolidge High School. Fresh off the heels of Black History Month and smack in the middle of Women’s History Month, Randolph, 29, is believed to be the only female head coach of a varsity football squad in the United States, which has nearly 27,000 high schools. “I can do it,” she told The Washington Post. “I’m qualified. I played the game. I know the kids. I love the kids.”

Randolph, a science teacher at Coolidge, was introduced as the school’s new football coach at an event so packed, it seemed as if a new NFL head coach was being named.BlackAmericaWeb

Alberto O. Cappas. An Educational Pledge — A positive journey for our youth. For Schools: Teachers, Parents, & Students: “One cannot keep hope alive if no plan of action is in place” Check out our Pledge T-Shirt at  /

The Collapse of Urban Public Schooling

By Floyd W. Hayes, III

The Jones Family Express   Interview with Javaka Steptoe   Back To School Again  Children Are Our Future 

Concentration Is  African Libraries Project     What Consolidation Is Christ         The Global African Presence


Zora Neale Hurston —  Court Order Can’t Make Races Mix  /  The Black Joan of Arc

Black Education

A Transformative Research and Action Agenda

for the New Century

Edited by Joyce E. King

Ten Vital Principles for Black Education   Afterword     Joyce King Commentary 

Black Tech Review (by Rudy)                                e-drum moving



Responses to Black IT Uses & Cyberspace

Arthur Flowers   Mona Lisa Saloy  Joyce King

Kalamu ya Salaam    Herbert Rogers

No phone, No computer for Most Africans

If black people were more angry—For black people, especially, the current composition of the Supreme Court should be the ultimate lesson in the importance of voting in a presidential election. No branch of the government has been more crucial than the judiciary in securing the rights and improving the lives of blacks over the past five or six decades. George W. Bush, in a little more than six years, has tilted the court so radically that it is now, like the administration itself, relentlessly hostile to the interests of black people. That never would have happened if blacks had managed significantly more muscular turnouts in the 2000 and 2004 elections. (The war in Iraq would not have happened, either.) Bob Herbert. “when is enough enough?” NYTimes


Back To School Again

A Door To The Future From The Struggles of the Past

Concentration Is 

Waverly Students Share Essays

Rodney D. Foxworth, Jr.-School Daze  A Depravity of Logic    A Naïve Political Treatise  A Report on a Gathering  at Red Emma’s   Urban Legends

A Hubert Harrison Reader

Edited by Jeffrey B. Perry

The brilliant writer, orator, educator, critic, and political activist Hubert Harrison (1883-1927) is one of the truly important, yet neglected, figures of early twentieth-century America. Considered “the foremost Afro-American intellect of his time,” Harrison, “the father of Harlem radicalism,” combined class consciousness and race consciousness in a coherent political radicalism which stressed the revolutionary importance of struggle for African American equality, emphasized the duty of all workers to oppose white supremacy, and urged Blacks not wait on whites before taking steps to shape their future. His efforts significantly influenced A. Philip Randolph, Marcus Garvey, and a generation of activists and “common people.”

Hubert Harrison: The Voice of Harlem Radicalism, 1883-1918 (By Jeffrey B. Perry)

    Rudy’s Place : Sussex County: A Tale of Three Centuries  Public Education in Sussex County in Black and White   History of Jerusalem Baptist Church


Up from Slavery

A Documentary History of Negro Education (Table)

Newspaper Clippings & Other Archival Documents


18th Century Efforts 

John Chavis & the Presbyterians 

Importation of Slaves

Mob Violence  

David Walker 

Baltimore School for Girls 

Prohibitions & Appeals

De Tocqueville

Freedom’s Journal 

Moravian Exceptions

Baptists & Banneker

William Harper

Hinton Rowan Helper

Biblical Justification 

Abe’s  Proclamation

Freedmen’s Bureau

Booker T & Bassett 

Lloyd Gaines’s Case 

Heman Sweatt Case 

Lucille Bluford Case

McLaurin Case 

Cummings Case

Civil Rights Acts

In 1883, U.S Supreme Court declared the Civil Rights Act of 1875 unlawful.

Dilemma of Black Urban Education?  Statistics on the Inequities  The Collapse of Urban Public Schooling  

Abell Report on Under-Funding Baltimore Education

The Jones Family Express

By Javaka Steptoe

   Jane Musoke-Nteyafas:  WHERE IS THE LOVE OF ALL THINGS AFRICAN?   / Women’s Role in Hip Hop

Taneesha’s Treasures of the Heart

By M. LaVora Perry

Alberto O. Cappas. An Educational Pledge — A positive journey for our youth. For Schools: Teachers, Parents, & Students: “One cannot keep hope alive if no plan of action is in place” Check out our Pledge T-Shirt at  /

Students at the Center (SAC) is an independent program that since 1996 has worked within public schools in New Orleans. The students of SAC participate through English and elective writing and social studies classes in their schools. We teach both regular and advanced core curriculum classes that are open to all students. In addition to the daily classes, since Hurricane Katrina, SAC graduates have worked as key staff members, serving as resource teachers in public school classrooms, organizers for youth involvement, and producers of youth media. SACnola


Educator Writes and Self-Publishes Children’s Book

By Junious Ricardo Stanton


 Meet Julius Carmichael: First Day Blues

The African Origins of Science and Mathematics–A New Paradign for Scientific Thinking: Annotated Bibliography

Bill Moyers Journal: Gretchen Morgenson  (video) /  Bill Moyers Journal: Gretchen Morgenson (transcript)  /


Additional Files

Background for the Psychology  of Reading by William Henry Gray


A Bone to Pick: Saving Baltimore’s Kids  by Amin Sharif


Cecil Elementary’s Black History Month


Education and History


Educator Writes and Self-Publishes Children’s Book by Junious Ricardo Stanton


Interview with Javaka Steptoe Author of The Jones Family Express by Yvonne Terry


Johnston Square Mentoring Winners  Dayona Wiggins, Jasmine R. Dorsey, Derek Deford


The Jones Family Express by Javaka Steptoe


The Say It Loud! program has gotten hundreds of teens writing and involved with literary arts

The School Bell Rings for a New Day of Education Excellence

Taneesha’s Treasures of the Heart by M. LaVora Perry

Waverly Elementary School Children’s Writings & Artwork

Waverly Elementary School Poetry Contest

Websites Educational — Using Hip Hop for Learning

The Hip-Hop Circuit: Teachers


A tremendous resource for using hip-hop in education. Lesson plans, articles, unit materials, and other information make this a great first stop for educators.

Hip-Hop Poetry and the Classics for the Classroom Alan Sitomer cowrote an instructional guide for how to incorporate hip-hop into the classroom. At this site, teachers can see some sample lessons and order the book for more information.

Flipping the Script: Critical Thinking in a Hip-Hop World A curriculum for teaching students media literacy and other topics using hip-hop music and culture


 Sermon on the Mount  / What if there was no God / For Walter Cotton, Outlaw African Retentions /    

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