ChickenBones: A Journal
for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes
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But if you really understand where my man is coming from, youre laughing in a good way. Youre laughing
with him, not at him. Get out your steel toed boots, pick-axe and that hardhat with the little light on it.
My mans trying to take you deep.
Earth, Wind & Fire CDs
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Thats The Way Of The World
Earth, Wind & Fire Reviewed by Mtume ya Salaam & Kalamu ya Salaam
–from Breath of Life
There is never only one road, and certainly, lifes highways are never straight. Roads criss-cross. Even on expressways we sometimes have to make U-turns and double-backs. And sometimes we get into the thick of our emotional connections to others. To our disappointment but not necessarily discouragement, we find that there often are more than a few cul-de-sacs, moments when everything comes to naught. Days when there is no light. But then there are also those special times when we glow and step lightly, a smile on our lips, a song in our heart. Earth, Wind & Fires music is a soundtrack for those special feelings. This is a selection and a blend of music from the band we used to simply call The Elements. Back then, when you said The Elements, everybody knew exactly who you meant. They might even start to hum a favorite song. Even if you werent a big fan, at least one or two of their compositions gave you a special buzz, like that third glass of chilled cream sherry or whatever culinary, herbal or pharmaceutical item you habitually used to facilitate attitudinal adjustments. Earth, Wind & Fire. A Chicago band that got their start on the West Coast. A pop band that was deeply invested in spiritual studies. Soul singers who also dug jazz on one hand and doo-wop vocal harmonies on the other. EWF is one of the quintessential bands in which musicians sang, danced and played their instruments, all at the same time and with an elan that was charming and captivating. Plus, they wrote some catchy songs. Often as not in the Seventies, it didnt matter where you happened to be; youd find your voice reaching upward, cracking as you tried to get into the stratosphere where Philip Bailey soared. The bands guru was Maurice White, but the specific sound people generally associated with EWF was the beauty of masculine falsetto. While all the guys could croon, it was Philip Bailey that set a standard for what male soul singers could achieve in the arena of sensitive songs. Well over three decades after bursting on the scene in the Seventies, Philip Bailey is still able to do his vocal magic. Unlike almost every other famous lead singer in a group, Philip Bailey never had a major career as a solo artist. He is forever associated with EWF and they with him. It is profoundly significant that a group of Black men could hang together for what amounts to a lifetime. Beautiful. Ive grabbed a handful of songs, some of them among their best, others gems that I happen to like including the obscure Dreams, which was released relatively recently. Listening to this reminds me of how much breadth our popular music used to exhibit. So wide, so varied, so many different influences, so many cool sounds. Thats our legacy, our history, aspects of our being that is frequently lost in the instant-gratification orientation of 21st century nu-soul, neo-soul, or whatever one might choose to call popular Black vocal music. (Isnt the need to label itself a reflection of the limitation of labeling?) Back in the day, we just used to turn on the radio and pour our hearts out as we sang along with the angelic sounds flowing from the speakers. Seems like a whole other world away now. Yet EWF used to be as common and welcomed as sunshine in late February; spring was coming and it felt good, really, really good. Once upon a time, that was the way of the world .Kalamu ya Salaam
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Pop? No way Kalamu sees Earth, Wind & Fire as a pop band, albeit one deeply invested in spirituality. I suppose thats a reference to EWFs lightness of sound and the polished style of their instrumentation. But for my generationmeaning, todays young adults who first heard this music when we were kidsEarth, Wind & Fire is classic, classic soul. EWF is Stevie Wonder and War. Theyre Maze, Teena Marie, Al Green and Donny Hathaway. That real stuff. The stuff that made us feel like we were going to be alright even if their was madness on the television and craziness in the streets. Earth, Wind & Fire was an integral part of the soundtrack to my growing up.
Pop? No way. Listen to the rap on “All About Love.” Listen to when my man breaks it down: “You are as beautiful as your thoughts. Right on?” Thats some black-ass shit! Youll never find a pop record where the lead singer breaks out psuedo-intellectual, street-corner wisdom like, “You study all kinds of sciences and, you know, strategy, mysticism and world religion and so forth, you dig? And like, uh, coming from a hip place all of these things help because they give you an inside to your inner self, have mercy.” You cant help but laugh listening to that. But if you really understand where my man is coming from, youre laughing in a good way. Youre laughing with him, not at him. Get out your steel toed boots, pick-axe and that hardhat with the little light on it. My mans trying to take you deep. “Trees and birds,” he said. Trees. And birds! Come on, yall. If youre not feeling that, whats wrong with you? Actually, if youre not feeling that, tell me whats right with you? You dig? Have mercy.
Mtume ya Salaam
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Pop or Not Pop
You know Im not going to get too caught up in labels, however, I do find it interesting that you concede that EWF has a “lightness of sound and [a] polished style,” which we both would credit to a pop orientation.
I, of course, did not mean to denigrate EWF by saying they were a pop band, maybe I should have said one of the best pop bands ever, or a very deep pop band. Anyway, regardless of what we call them, we both agree on how we would characterise their sound. But then, Mtume, you go the next step and infer that their “spiritual” subject matter is too hip to be pop. I think pop can be deep even as I recognize that the overwhelming majority of pop music is shallow. I think EWF are deep.
None of the above withstanding, I know (and Im pretty sure you know also) that EWF was heavily invested into reaching a crossover audience. In fact, ironically, Thats The Way Of The World is partially a soundtrack album for a movie 70s (it may have been early 80s) movie on the music industry. One of the major plot lines in the movie was the trials and tribulations of a Black band trying to cross-over. In the movie the band was EWF and “Thats The Way Of The World” was one of the featured songs.
Whether EWF is pop or not is not my argument. For sure they made Soul music. But there is a deeper issue. I dont consider “pop” a negative category. So, Mtume, here is my intentionally provocative question: what do you have against pop? ;->)
Inquiring minds what to know.
Kalamu ya Salaam
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What do I have against pop? What do I have against pop? Nothing. I like a lot of pop music. I just dont think Earth, Wind & Fire is an example of it. When I think of pop music, I think of music that isnt aimed mainly at a black audience. I think of music that, if it charts, charts most successfully on the pop chart as opposed to the R&B chart. EWF doesnt qualify – I dont care if their sound is smoother than the grittier soul acts. Whether or not they wouldve liked to have crossed over more than they did, their records always seemed aimed at black folk first. To me, that makes them a soul band. But like I said last week, I listen to pop music all the time.Mtume ya Salaam
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I have a CD of Earth, Wind & Fire that Ive tried to listen to several times and I popped it out of the drive before the first selection finished. I rejected the sound. They were just not doing it for me. It was curious for I liked the group and their music during the time they were popular.
Your discussion is enlightening and has helped me get a better grip on what was happening in my ejections. As I recall, EWF was fresh at the time. They were a kind of reprieve group. A reprieve from Funk/Soul. A reprieve from Motown dancing groups. A reprieve from disco. Bands were in. The Age of Aquarius. They functioned for the times.
Their sounds however do not have a timeless quality, that is, speaking and functioning to present issues and present sentiments. Maybe “Reasons” is an exception. Though they have excellencies I find their “lightness” now a rather boring artifact of times past. One can say that even the Stevie Wonder of the period comes off rather bland and innocuous. Maybe there will come another time in which such artistic productions will find a more receptive ear.Rudy
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These comments (not just Rudys, but some of Kalamus as well) are really surprising to me. I never realized EWF wasnt respected right along with the other greats of Seventies Soul. Rudy says “Reasons” may be an exception but that the balance of EWFs catalog doesnt continue to speak to our present issues and sentiments. To me, thats an amazing statement. Its hard to understand how something like “Keep Your Head To The Sky” (my all-time favorite EWF record) is irrelevant today. I was about to “in these trying times,” but really, depending on who you are and what your perspective is, I think all times are trying times. Its just a matter of where your head is at. (Not to mention your pocketbook.) As Bob says, “Who feels it, knows it.”
When Im feeling down about whats going on out in the streets or over in Iraq and Afghanistan or just about my own personal shit, EWF records like “All About Love,” “Head To The Sky” and “Cant Hide Love” are part of the soundtrack I turn to to get me back on track. Those records remain as relevant to me today as they ever were. And I know Im not alone on that. Maybe EWF just aint for revolutionaries. I dont know. Im sitting here, baffled, trying in vain to come up with explanations for something that seems inexplicable. This is CLASSIC black music, man!
And Rudy, I cant help but notice what you slipped in there about Stevie. I HAVE to assume youre talking about Eighties-era Stevie. If were talking about the Seventies, were talking about Music of My Mind, Talking Book, Innervisions, Songs in the Key of Life, Fulfillingness First Finale. (The latter having been immortalized by Eddie Murphy as “Fulfillin, Fufillit, Fulfingly fuck it! You know, the good one!”) How can you possibly be referring to those albums as “bland and innocuous”? Stevies Seventies-era output is as good as soul ever got. If those records are bland and innocuous, soul music itself is bland and innocuous!
I remember a couple weeks ago we were talking about Bob Marley and, all of a sudden, Kalamu threw Stevie under the bus. We werent even talking about Stevie! And now you too, Rudy? What the hells going on? Its like Ive stumbled into an alternate universe where left is right and down is up.Mtume
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Petit Bourgeois Funk
Make my funk the P-Funk / cause I like my funk uncut!
OK, Rudy, lets go there”there” being the deal on EWF, Motown, disco and a bunch of other stuff from that periodbut lets take a back road so we can see the landscape a little better.
First, read Mtumes take on De La Soul. Think of EWF as De La Soul and think of P-Funk as Public Enemy and NWA all rolled into one. You might ask, how could that be? The answer is simple and obvious once you look at the context. Parliament was Public Enemy and Funkadelic was NWA. Of course there are important differences but right now I am addressing a structural similarity.
If you go back and look at the P-Funk albums from that period, they were dissing EWF in a similar way that De La Soul got dissed except those cartoons on the P-Funk albums were scandalous.
Second, heres an anecdote. One night in New Orleans back in the seventies, EWF was playing a major concert in the Superdome. About a 1.5 miles away, P-Funk was having a major concert in the Municipal Auditorium. I was boarding the mothership. Later for the disappearing pyramid.
If you compare the sounds of both groups its really, really clear who was the heavy hitter and who was the lead-off hitter proficient at getting on base but seldom hitting home runs. (Yeah, yeah I know Im mixing a lot of metaphors and skating on thin ice but Aqua-boogie, baby!)
In all seriousness I used to refer to EWF as “petit bourgeois funk,” with all the strengths and weaknesses thereof. Now both were into a form of metaphysics except P-Funk was just tripping out and funking around. It wasnt like they seriously believed in a mothership. But EWF, well, they were seriously into their metaphysics.
There are probably about eight to ten other EWF tracks I really like but beyond that, the deeptitude factor falls off or should I say drifts away on the breeze. As drugged out as P-Funk was, they were clearer about who and what the enemy was, about the systemic nature of our oppression. Free your mind and your ass will follow! Like that. Our problem was not that we didnt understand astrology. Our problem is that we didnt understand capitalism.
EWF and Motown (in spades) were busy pursing the American dream, both were equally aware of the fabled pot of gold atop Monkey Mountain, its just that Motown was straight up assimilationist and EWF was alternative. Their sound reflected their worldview. Ive got a couple of really, really funky demos that EWF put together, so funky you would swear it wasnt EWF. Thats part of what makes me certain that the lightness of their sound is by design. They knew how to get down and dirty, but they preferred pretty shit.
Now if you check the various regional sounds of that period you will hear in the music a range of attitudes about the system. Philly Soul was the most advanced politically. As hip as Whats Going On is, it is really an anomaly as far as the Motown sound goes, which is why Gordy didnt want to release it. But if you want a hard edged political statement you had to go to Chitown (do I have to say Curtis Mayfield?) or even to Philly (see, yall going to make me pull out OJays Ship Ahoynow that was a popular/political record! (“Money, Money, Money.”)
OK, got it.
Third, the above not withstanding, EWF in their prime was a great band. If, as Mtume suggests, the rule of thumb for what pop is revolves around the question of what audience the music is aimed at and who are its primary supporters, then its easy to see EWF fading to pale as the years wore on. Even in a wheelchair, paralyzed from the neck down Curtis Mayfield stayed the course. Like he said: if you had a choice of colors, which one would you choose, my brother?
Every up has a down and vice versa. By that I mean even though EWF was a little too light to bump (unlike Bertha, of whom it was said she had too much rump to bump), still we needed their vibe to complete the 360 of our music. Just like we need doctors and lawyers, even though we dont need their identification with the ruling class, we need the beautiful sounds that an EWF at their best offers to our community. In fact we need all the best from every element
Obviously Im giant-stepping through this argument and not stopping to connect the dots, but it ought to be clear that Motown was never going to produce heavy funk precisely because they were courting a crossover audience, but hey, Thats The Way Of The World. BTW, Yall really ought to see that movie!Kalamu
P.S Mtume, I just read your Stevie Wonder question. I think youre deifying Stevie. Theres a stretch of about 8 or so albums prior to Innervisions that is well, lets just say Stevie Wonder doing beach music is not a particularly hip listening experience. But you know what were really talking about here is local, national, and international conditions and the response of individual artists to those conditions. Artists are human beings, and like all humans, artists respond and react to their social conditions in a variety of ways ranging from outright rebellion and revolutionary struggle to total identification with the big house and all the inhabitant therein. During the seventies Black folk locally, nationally, and internationally were in high motion and the music we made, filtered through the individual consciousness of various artists, reflected the prevailing forces (positive, negative, and contradictory) of their time period. Or to paraphrase a more contemporary artist: the music is a sign of the times. What the signs says depends on the moving finger of the artist doing the writing.
Rudy, theres a big difference between not liking EWF and thinking that EWF is not worthy of being liked. Not liking EWF is a matter of taste and opinion. Not recognizing that EWF was extremely good at what they did is a matter using politics to make aesthetic judgments.
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Im deifying Stevie? Beach music? Baba, youre talking about Stevie in the Sixties. Thats why I specifically said the Seventies. I dont even own a Stevie Wonder album that came out in the Sixties. Here are the albums Im referring to, in order:
Those are the core seven Stevie Wonder albums that Im talking about. Those are the albums that made Stevies legend as one of the leading soul musicians to ever record.
Rudy said, One can say that even the Stevie Wonder of THE PERIOD comes off rather bland and innocuous. What period was he talking about? Well, he referred directly to Earth, Wind & Fire, a band whose first album didnt come out until 1970. Thats why I assume Rudy had to be referring to either the Seventies or the Eighties. EWF werent around before that. And just for the record, Ive never heard Stevie At The Beach (Motown, 1964), nor do I care to. If yall are calling pre-1971 Stevie bland and innocuous, Ill have to say “no comment,” but I dont know a thing about pre-1971 Stevie other than what Ive heard on the radio.Mtume
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You guys probably got the music history down better than I. My memory is a bit vague. I may have gone too far in my comments on both EWF and Stevie. The point I wanted to make was that I do not listen to either Stevie or EWF, anymore. I just saw Stevie on TV recently and I just walked away. I thought he was mimicking himself. And I liked both Stevie and EWF, once. And I really admire Stevie for what he did in supporting making MLKs birthday a national holiday. Presently, Im into fighting music. I want aggression against whats happening now. I want the rough edge cutting through the fog. I want working class ideological music like the blues and the bluer the better. Nothing else will satisfy. And its got to be more than the words and nice sentiments, the overall sound is gotta want to bring the house down. . . . People can listen to whatever turns them on. I want the blues and the more country it is the better I like it. Where guys are being as real as you can be. Or I listen to jazz, blue and radical. . . . In this weeks music what turns me on is Miles and what comes after.Rudy
posted 12 March 2007
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#1 – Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark #2 – Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree #3 – Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane #4 – Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper #5 – Stackin’ Paper 2 Genesis’ Payback by Joy King #6 – Thug Lovin’ (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark #7 – When I Get Where I’m Going by Cheryl Robinson #8 – Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby #9 – The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane
#10 – Covenant: A Thriller by Brandon Massey
#11 – Diary Of A Street Diva by Ashley and JaQuavis
#12 – Don’t Ever Tell by Brandon Massey
#13 – For colored girls who have considered suicide by Ntozake Shange
#14 – For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree
#15 – Homemade Loves by J. California Cooper
#16 – The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper
#17 – Player Haters by Carl Weber
#18 – Purple Panties: An Eroticanoir.com Anthology by Sidney Molare
#19 – Stackin’ Paper by Joy King
#20 – Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey
#21 – The Upper Room by Mary Monroe
#22 Thug Matrimony by Wahida Clark
#23 – Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark
#24 – Married Men by Carl Weber
#25 – I Dreamt I Was in Heaven – The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter
#1 – Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable #2 – Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans #3 – Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane #4 – Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper #5 – Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You’re Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant #6 – Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey #7 – The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight #8 – The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing #9 – The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson
#10 – John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History by Ahati N. N. Toure
#11 – Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley
#12 –The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander
#13 – The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell
#14 – The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore
#15 – Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can’t Commit by RM Johnson
#16 – Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins
#17 – Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell
#18 – A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose by Eckhart Tolle
#19 – John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard
#20 – Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris
#21 – Age Ain’t Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice
#22 – 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino #23 – Chicken Soup for the Prisoner’s Soul by Tom Lagana #24 – 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields
#25 – Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class by Lisa B. Thompson
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By Russell Simmons
Russell Simmons knows firsthand that wealth is rooted in much more than the stock market. True wealth has more to do with what’s in your heart than what’s in your wallet. Using this knowledge, Simmons became one of America’s shrewdest entrepreneurs, achieving a level of success that most investors only dream about. No matter how much material gain he accumulated, he never stopped lending a hand to those less fortunate. In Super Rich, Simmons uses his rare blend of spiritual savvy and street-smart wisdom to offer a new definition of wealth-and share timeless principles for developing an unshakable sense of self that can weather any financial storm. As Simmons says, “Happy can make you money, but money can’t make you happy.”
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By Michele Alexander
Contrary to the rosy picture of race embodied in Barack Obama’s political success and Oprah Winfrey’s financial success, legal scholar Alexander argues vigorously and persuasively that [w]e have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it. Jim Crow and legal racial segregation has been replaced by mass incarceration as a system of social control (More African Americans are under correctional control today… than were enslaved in 1850). Alexander reviews American racial history from the colonies to the Clinton administration, delineating its transformation into the war on drugs. She offers an acute analysis of the effect of this mass incarceration upon former inmates who will be discriminated against, legally, for the rest of their lives, denied employment, housing, education, and public benefits. Most provocatively, she reveals how both the move toward colorblindness and affirmative action may blur our vision of injustice: most Americans know and don’t know the truth about mass incarcerationbut her carefully researched, deeply engaging, and thoroughly readable book should change that.Publishers Weekly
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From The World and Africa, 1965
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update 21 December 2011