ChickenBones: A Journal
for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes
From Nkrumah to present Africans have chosen to ignore the earlier Arab colonialism, and base
their analysis on only one side of the coin, European colonialism. . . . South Sudan has failed to
develop meaningful relations with African America, rather developing ties with the white/Right.
International Criminal Court Calls for the Arrest
Of Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir for Genocide
The Omar al-Bashir indictment: the ICC and the Darfur crisisA decade after 120 states met in Rome in July 1998 to approve a treaty creating the International Criminal Court (ICC), its prosecutor has moved the court to the centre of world attention. The decision of its prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo on 14 July 2008 to charge Sudan’s President Omar Hassan al-Bashir with genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes is a transformative event for the ICC and for the intractable Darfur war. If The Hague-based ICC’s pre-trial chamber confirms the prosecutor’s charges, it will mark the court’s first indictment of a head of state and its first genocide indictment (see Alex de Waal, “Sudan and the International Criminal Court: a guide to the controversy“, 14 July 2008).
In a speech on 5 June 2008 to the United Nations Security Council, Luis Moreno-Ocampo implicated the Khartoum regime for the Darfur atrocities that the UN estimates has claimed 300,000 lives. Still, the prosecutor has caught some observers and analysts of the court off-guard by seeking an ICC warrant for al-Bashir’s arrest. Many human-rights activists have regarded Moreno-Ocampo as too cautious in his approach to states and a far cry from Carla Del Ponte, the crusading former prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia who forcefully criticised UN inaction in pressing Serbia and Croatia to arrest fugitives. Disappointment centred on Moreno-Ocampo’s decision not to carry out investigations inside Darfur, on his initial reluctance to criticise Khartoum’s non-compliance, and on his 2007 charges against two Sudanese suspects that did not target officials in al-Bashir’s inner circle. . . .
President Omar al-Bashir may never be brought into custody to face trial at the ICC. Still, prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo’s decision to seek a warrant for his arrest may have far reaching significance if it exposes and reverses the world’s weakness in confronting Darfur’s genocide in real time.OpenDemocracy
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Sudan and the International Criminal Court: a guide to the controversyAround the world, human-rights campaigners are expecting a bold step from Moreno-Ocampo which they can hail as the single most important blow for justice and human rights for many years. They argue that such an action by the chief prosecutor will signal that there is no impunity for crimes, even for a head of state, and demonstrate that the international community will stand up for the human rights of victims, whatever the consequences – and thus irrevocably change the world for the better. Moreover, by giving hope and solidarity to the victims of unspeakable crimes in Darfur, these campaigners contend that the indictment of al-Bashir will be a huge step towards realising human dignity, democracy and peace. . . . The UN Security Council could in principle intervene and, using its powers under Article 16 of the Rome statute, defer any prosecution for a year. At present this seems improbable. The prosecutor has checkmated the two countries most opposed to the ICC. The US, which refuses to support the court on principle, has determined that the crimes in Darfur constituted genocide, and both presidential candidates have committed themselves to a tough line on Sudan. China is unlikely to want to endanger its standing in the world with less than four weeks to go to the Olympic games. . . . The challenge to the United Nations and the international community will be as profound as to Omar al-Bashir. Sudan’s status as a pariah state will be confirmed while al-Bashir’s defiant stand would be no more than his habit of nineteen years. But for the international community – respectful of the rule of law and supportive of the ICC, but also committed to the CPA and the national elections, and supporting two huge peacekeeping and civilian-protection missions – the dilemmas are acute.OpenDemocracy
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Arabs reject “unbalanced” ICC request against Sudanese PresidentSunday 20 July 2008Arab foreign minister rejected today the “unbalanced request” of arrest warrant by the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) against the Sudanese president over genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in Darfur.
The Arab Leagues 22 foreign ministers decided in a resolution adopted on Saturday to show “solidarity with the Republic of Sudan in the face of any schemes aimed at undermining its sovereignty, unity and stability and not to accept the unbalanced position of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court at the request contained in a case submitted to the ICC (pre-trial Chamber).” The Arab minister further said they adopt this position to emphasis on their rejection to any “attempts meaning to politicize the principles of international justice or to use it to erode State sovereignty, unity, security, stability and national symbols.”SudanTribune
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Now that the U.N. is proposing to arrest President Bashirplease take note that Bashir and the Sudanese government have called an emergency meeting with foreign ministers of the “Arab League”and have excluded any Black member of the African Union from participating.
Only the White Arab nations that are behind the genocide in Sudan, because they want the Oil of the tribal blacks and want free house labor (slaves) are now being called on to save their good Pogo nigger. This includes White Arab Moamar Khadafi and other rapists who taught their self-hating Pogo Nigger offspring that they are Arabsnot blacks.
If the White Arabs were not condoning these atrocities, they would not be happening.
Of course when the U.N. contacted me for my deposition on Wednesday (because I have actually known Bashir), you can imagine what I told them for 50 pages.
Naima Bint Harith (Known in America as Kola Boof)
12 July 2008
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The ICC should do its work, period. If we are part of the international system we must accept its laws. If we think they are in need for reform based on African customary law principles, then we must make those arguments, which Prof Dani Nabudere does tomorrow in Nairobi at his international conference on African restorative justice, based on field research in Uganda, South Sudan and neighboring countries. The international specter of Africans defending Bashir is a disgrace to humanity and proves their argument that we are unable to defend our own interests. B.F.Bankie (17 August 2008)
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The State of the African Nation
The pending issue of the Writ by the ICC, for the arrest of President Bashir of Sudan, is already impacting on internal developments in Sudan and showcases internationally the current state of Afro-Arab relations
The background historical synopsis is that all of Africa was originally inhabited by Black Africans, producing its own civilizations in Ethiopia, Sudan, Kush, Egypt and elsewhere. Later a people entered north-east Africa called Arabs and conquered the Black African Egyptian civilization, making it a white Arab civilization. This happened a thousand years ago. Arab penetration into north east Africa has reached the current zone of conflict in Sudan south Sudan, Darfur, Nuba, etc.
In order to keep in check African nationalism, the British and Egyptians, the departing colonialists in Sudan, handed power on self-government in 1956 to a coloured/mixed-race minority, who are Arabised and Islamised, living in the center of the country, around Khartoum. Since the Khartoum Islamists are a minority, they can only retain power over the majority, who happen to be black ( the marginalized ), by force. This resulted in genocide, bombings, rape as a weapon on a massive scale in south Sudan. With the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005, between Khartoum and Juba, Khartoum implements the same policies in Darfur, to quell rising expectations and demands from Darfurians.
Why was the long war in south Sudan, starting in 1956, ending in 2005, with a break of some ten years in between, unknown? It was the outcome of that war, starting with the Anyan-yah fight in 1956, which created the conditions for the marginalized in Sudan to obtain a better dispensation, and to halt Arab expansion into Uganda, the Great Lakes, etc. The answer to this question provides the key to unravelling the conspiracy that has seen Africans the victim of Arab expansion projects in the Sahel, in the unity movement and internationally.
The Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) kept quiet, either due to international pressure or due to the reticence of southern Sudanese to complain (some two to three million lost their lives in south Sudan ), for to complain was seen as cowardice. South Sudan was never entirely pacified by invaders, be they Arab, Turk, or British. It has been a theatre of Afro-Arab contention and slavery over a millennium.
Reasons given for the absence of information in the past are international conspiracy, reticence, limited access to international media, few researchers visited the south, poverty in the south, and Khartoum stifling news of the south by all means.
The Writ issue process has started and Khartoums first line of defence is Arabia. The war in south Sudan was never discussed by the OAU/AU due to Arab pressure. It was seen as a matter for the Arab League, the forum for the formulation of the Arab policy with the outside world, in this instance Africa. The African Union will continue the former policy of complying with Arabias interests in Africa, at the expense of African lives, in this instance in Darfur, whereas formerly it was in south Sudan.
It would be a mistake to underestimate Khartoums ability to survive. It defends an age old system of oppression of weaker groups. It defends Arab interests in the area and it defends the post colonial status quo put in place by the Condominium Europe (Britain) and Arabia (Egypt ). Sudanese diplomacy understands African nationalism better than the rulers of the neo-colonies in Africa. The Sudanese Permanent Representative to the United Nations in New York was an attentive participant of the 1994 proceedings of the 7th Pan-African Congress in Kampala. The Sudanese delegation to the Congress was the second largest, after the Ugandans. Arabia has long understood that to rule Africans you divided Africa from its Diasporas (in the westin the Americas, Caribbean, etc. and in the eastArabia, North Africa, the Gulf, etc. ). When the OAU became the AU, one of the reasons for the change was supposedly to integrate the Diaspora. This did not happen due to Arab interference, with the Diaspora being named as the so-called 6th region of the AU, with no voting powers and no capacity to participate as an equal partner. There is also a plan to create a United States of Africa, to perpetuate Arab domination of Africans ad infinitum.
In the coming period the actions of the SPLM may be misunderstood, thus creating suspicion, by those who might otherwise be in solidarity. The CPA was signed by the National Congress Party (NCP) of Bashir and the SPLM. All other leading parties in Sudan denied it, stating that they were not consulted. If the NCP loses power in Khartoum the CPA would be rendered useless and the north/south war could restart. If Bashir was to be arrested, would the successor leader of the NCP be able to implement the CPA? Pronk, the former UNDP representative in Khartoum who was expelled, described the Writ issue as juridically understandable, but politically unwise.
Reaction to the Writ issue saw Khartoum immediately stop landing rights in Khartoum to UN planes, which undertake humanitarian work in Darfur. In Juba there was a proposal to form a Crisis Committee to handle any eventuality. As usual Khartoum will opportunistically maximize any benefits arising from the crisis.
Last week Dudley Thompson became the Chair the Honorary Board of the Sudan Sensitization Peace Project (SSPP)see two attachments. The Honorary Board is constituted by Garba Diallo, Dorothy Lewis, Kwesi Prah, and Dani Nabudere. A North American Chapter of SSPP is in process of formation. There is a European Chapter. Last year SSPP undertook a mission to West Africa. It seeks to provide answers and a way forward out of the Sudan crisis, which solutions have application throughout the Borderlands, from the Red Sea to the Atlantic Ocean, which are illustrated by the situation in Mauritania and the rising expectations throughout the Sahel. Again the realities of this area are unknown or largely ignored by Africans. They contain duplications of the internal contradictions found in Sudan, but on a smaller scale.
South Sudan has few expectations from Africans.
From Nkrumah to present Africans have chosen to ignore the earlier Arab colonialism, and base their analysis on only one side of the coin, European colonialism. This had unfortunate ramifications. For instance South Sudan has failed to develop meaningful relations with African America, rather developing ties with the white/Right. Africans need to engage the Sudan crisis, to ensure responsible action by their governments. They should cease to be spectators at their own funeral and become actors in their destiny.
Source: Circular No. 1 (20 July 2008; Juba, South Sudan)
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Sudan set up rights abuse courts CairoSudan has agreed to set up special courts to try alleged human rights abuses in Darfur which will be monitored by international bodies including the UN, an Arab League official said on Wednesday. “They agreed to establish special courts,” Hisham Yussef, chief of staff for Arab League Secretary General Amr Moussa said. “They also agreed that the Arab League, the UN and the African Union would follow (the trials) but also ensure that laws in Sudan cover all the aspects required under international law.” The move follows a request by International Criminal Court chief prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo to have Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir charged with war crimes including genocide in the war-ravaged region of Darfur. If Sudan holds viable trials of those accused of crimes in Darfur, the ICC automatically drops its charges.
Source: www.iol.co.za July 23 2008
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Fall Out from the Writ Issue
It is now possible to evaluate the repercussions from the announcement by the International Criminal Court (ICC) of its intentions to seek to issue a Writ against the President of Sudan, Omar Hassan Al Bashir and others. After the news was released Khartoum immediate reaction was the issue of threats of dire consequences for Darfur, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), etc. The landing rights for UN flights into Khartoum were suspended with humanitarian consequences. This was followed by Khartoums lobbying of their Arab constituency, which saw the Arab League offer alternative solutions, such as the handing over to the ICC of the two indicted Sudanese. Khartoum sent teams as emissaries, to the Arab Heads of state, seeking their support. The African Union belatedly issued a statement questioning the wisdom and effectiveness of the issue of a Writ on the Sudan Head of State.
Meanwhile in Sudan a vast public rally of support took place in Khartoum presided over by Bashir. Political parties declared their allegiance to the Sudan state, coming out to defend its President, the territorial integrity and national sovereignty. This position was taken by the Sudan Peoples Liberation Movement (SPLM), subject to conditions. It is worth explaining why the SPLM took the position it did. The SPLM would want Khartoum to adhere to its undertakings, where they have prevaricated in the past
peacekeepers/mixed force deployment and the pursuit of peace in Darfur, implementation of the CPAdemarcation of boundaries, wealth sharing, etc. Bashir now states he will do these things. He was recently in Darfur promising development, street lighting, etc. He has pardoned those Darfuri involved in the recent Justice and Equality (JEM) attack on Omdurman
It is said that Bashir and others of the National Congress Party (NCP) are to be indicted by the ICC. These would include his top associates, including the Minister of Justice. A list of some 50 people is said to exist. The ICC Writ issue will hamper Bashirs travel in future. It will eliminate him as a Presidential candidate in the 2009 national elections in Sudan. It is widely believed that the SPLM will win these elections. Whether NCP will field a Presidential candidate and who that candidate might be remains unclear. The NCP is in a dilemma as to its political future. The SPLM is now in a position to choose with whom it will form an alliance, if any, for the 2009 elections.
As a result of the Writ issue a Crisis Committee has been formed to handle the fall-out. This is chaired by the President of the SPLM and Vice-President of Southern Sudan, HE Salva Kiir Mayardit. He is to ensure that the Committee undertakes diplomatic and legal actions to counteract the ICC Writ as it effects the sovereignty of Sudan,where Kiir has a share According to the presidential decree, the panel has to coordinate its efforts with the African Union, the Arab League and the Movement of Non-Aligned countries. In addition, the Committee has to study the legal aspects of the charges leveled by the ICC Prosecutor against the Sudanese president and to find a compromise with the International Community to avoid negative effects on the signed peace accords.
At this point in time the balance of power in Sudan makes the position of the SPLM decisive. One can say that Salva Kiir is currently holding Sudan together. .
Bankie, Bankie, Juba, South Sudab, 25 July 2008
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Sudan Rallies Behind Leader Reviled AbroadIn the past few weeks, one sworn political enemy after another has closed ranks behind him. A result has been a swift and radical reordering of the fractious political universe in Sudan, driven in part by national pride but also by deep-seated fears that the nation could tumble into Somalia-like chaos if Mr. Bashir were removed as president.
[Right: Sadiq al-Mahdi, in Khartoum, Sudan, on Sunday, now supports the man who ousted him from power, Omar Hassan al-Bashir.]
The Sudanese government, joined by many of its onetime foes who see the courts looming arrest warrant as a mortal threat to the country, is scrambling to determine exactly how much it needs to concede to survive.One previously unthinkable proposal being discussed is whether the government should arrest two men accused of orchestrating the campaign of rape, murder and pillage in Darfur that has left about 300,000 dead and scattered 2.5 million people from villages reduced to circles of ash.
The two men, Ahmad Harun, the former interior minister, and Ali Kushayb, a militia leader, face arrest warrants issued by the international court for crimes against humanity. But the government has refused to turn them over. Sudanese officials say they hope that putting the two men on trial in Sudan might persuade the United Nations Security Council to exercise its power to suspend the case against Mr. Bashir. Everything short of the presidency is on the table, said Sudans foreign minister, Deng Alor.
Although the West has been relentlessly focused on Darfur, here in Sudan, most people view the crisis as simply a continuation of a long chain of internal conflicts between an autocratic government and the deeply impoverished people on the periphery. The deadliest of these conflicts, between the north and south, raged for decades, killing 2.2 million people many more than the lives lost in Darfur and threatened to split the country along religious lines. NYTimes
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African Leaders at the African Union Betray
the Africans Currently under Genocide in Darfur
Arab League Says Sudan Agrees to Investigate Darfur War Crimes
The African Union (AU) yesterday asked the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) to invoke article 16 of the Rome Statute and suspend any indictment of Sudans head of state. But the request got a cool reception from some members of the UNSC. The French Ambassador to the UN Jean-Maurice Ripert said that the UNSC should not interfere with the process of law in terms of letting the International Criminal Court (ICC) do its work.
Asked to comment on the African and Arab bloc at the UN requests to suspend the indictment, the French diplomat said he respects AU decisions but scathingly dismissed any imminent decision on the matter.
They can do whatever they wish. It is a free country. As soon as they find a country to do it we will look into it, Ripert said.
The United States envoy at the UN Zalmay Khalilzad said that he does not expect UNSC action on suspension in the foreseeable future and added there should be no impunity.
Another US official echoed Khalilzads remarksWe strongly support holding accountable those who are responsible for genocide in Darfur, Richead Grenell, spokesman for the US Mission to the United Nations, told The Associated Press on Monday.
It is widely expected that China and Russia would back such a step but neither have tabled a formal resolution.
But Russias UN ambassador Vitaly Churkin told reporters on Monday that his country would not initiate such a resolution saying other countries are better suited to push it.
Source: extracts from page 8 of the Juba Post, 24-28 July 2008, Southern Sudan
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Sudan Rebels Criticize African Union Opposition to ICC Warrant
the Darfur rebel Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) accused the African Union of bias after it urged the United Nations Security Council to suspend a proposed arrest warrant against President Bashir.
The rebels reportedly said they would no longer recognize African Union efforts to mediate a peace process aimed at resolving the Darfur crisis.
Since Ocampo announced the Bashir Writ many of us have been repelled by the obnoxious behaviour of our kith and kin in the leadership of the AU. Just as his regime did in South Sudan, Bashir has used genocide, aerial bombardment and rape as weapons of war in Darfur. JEM are right to expect Africans to rise to their defence in Darfur. Rather what we witness is Africans defending the perpetrator of crimes against humanity. Yet again the AU has failed us. Apparently Europeans are more concerned about saving African lives.
Source: extract from page 8 of the Juba Post 24-28 July 2008, Juba, Southern Sudan
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How Many Have Died for Kibaki and Sudans Bashir
by Ngor Arol Garang
President Omar El Bashir has been carrying out a systematic genocide in the Darfur area of Sudan since his expansionist war in the South ended in disaster four years ago. Media reports indicate that over 300,000 civilians have been killed and another two million persons rendered homeless. He is the kind of leader that under normal circumstances would not be recognized by any country in Africa let alone the world. Yet, President Bashir is a proud member of the prestigious African Union (AU) with a hope and a real possibility of chairing the Union one day. What a world.
He (Bashir) is today in power because Africa no longer has strong and active leaders like former South African President Nelson Mandela and Tanzanias Nyerere who would not have supported Bashir to remain in power whilst Darfur is burning.
The atrocities Bashirs regime has meted out on its people would have been enough for an African military force to invade Sudan and ship its leaders out to the Hague for crimes against humanity, let alone genocide and murder as charged by the ICC. The Human catastrophe that Bashir has engineered and managed in Darfur and South Sudan are enough to send him to the Hague to stand trial for war crimes against humanity. Bashir has killed more people than Idi Amin in Uganda, the Americans in Afghanistan and Iraq and Serbians in Serbia. If the Americans have invaded Afghanistan and Iraq, Bashir, like his predecessors Idi Amin and Saddam Hussein, has turned his guns on the helpless and unarmed civilian soft targets. The more reason he qualifies to head for the Hague Tribunal. I dont understand genuine reasons why the situation gets more pathetic when it is brought to African leaders. This is the man who has defied all international counseling when it comes to Darfur.
He has even killed AU and UN Peacekeeping forces there. He has ordered his soldiers to bomb and burn villages without provocation. He has used unnecessary force to quell imaginary rebellion. And when the International Court of Justice finally indicts him, African leaders are the first ones to condemn the court for indicting this murderer, saying it would discourage peace efforts in Darfur. Why continue allowing Bashir to play with the lives of innocent civilians in Darfur?
How many more innocent Africans must be murdered by Bashir before we wake up to the human tragedy ?
How many more women and children must be raped, maimed, and murdered in the deserts of Darfur before this continent stirs ? Why leave our innocent civilians to die day and night like chicken affected by bird flu, while the world is watching Bashir killing them with full impunity ? If Iraq, Kosovo and Afghanistan drew much attention of the world to bring them peace and human freedom, why not Darfur ? African leaders must think twice before vowing to support Bashir.
The author can be reached on firstname.lastname@example.org
Source: The Citizen, page 3 (3rd August 2008, Khartoum and Juba, South Sudan)
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Britain and France Will Support Freezing Indictment of Sudan President
The British and French governments will back efforts in the UN to stall the issuance of an arrest warrant for Sudan President Omar Hassan Al-Bashir, the Guardian reported today.The newspaper said that officials from both capitals informed human rights activists that they have taken this stance to protect the peace process in Darfur and Southern Sudan.
The human rights advocates said that Britain and France will join the Arab League, African Union, China and Russia in backing a resolution by the UN General Assembly this month requesting a deferral of the charges against Al-Bashir.
Both UK and France are members of the Hague based court and have been the main advocates of referring the Darfur case to the ICC. The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) Luis Moreno-Ocampo announced in mid-July that he had requested an arrest warrant for Al-Bashir. Ocampo filed 10 charges: three counts of genocide, five of crimes against humanity and two of murder and accused Al-Bashir of master minding a campaign to get rid of the African tribes in Darfur : Fur, Masaslit and Zaghawa.
Following that the AU, Arab League, Non-Aligned (NAM) and the Organisation of Islamic Conference (OIC) called for invoking Article 16 which allows the UN Security Council (UNSC) to suspend the ICC Prosecutor in any case for a period 12 that can be renewed indefinitely.
Libya and South Africa sought to force a suspension in the UNAMID extension resolution last July but failed to get the required number of votes and instead accepted a watered down paragraph taking note of the AU concern on the ICC move to seek an arrest warrant for Al-Bashir.
Foreign Office Minister for Africa Mark Malloch speaking to the Guardian defended his governments position.
It is precisely because we respect the ICC that we do not want to bargain away [its authority]. This is not about handing a defeat to the court in its early life. But Khartoum has interpreted the indictment against Bashir as a measure that pits Sudan against the Western world Malloch said.
A great deal is at stake; not just Darfur but the peace in Southern Sudan. We have to keep hold of the strategic intentions of the ICC, which we share to end impunity and increase security in Darfur he added.
But Steve Crawshaw of Human Rights Watch (HRW) rejected Mallochss arguments.Justice is not a tradeable option. We have seen again and again that Sudan makes empty promises. To think that Sudan is likely to act in good faith is either naïve or cynical he said.
An ICC official speaking to the Guardian said that they would meet UK Foreign Secretary David Miliband and his French counterpart Bernard Kouchner, to outline the ICCs position on September 23rd.
It was not clear however if Paris or London intend to table down a formal resolution in the UNSC calling for a suspension or if they would simply not use their veto power to block it. Moreover the US position on the matter remains unclear. The Los Angeles Times said that Washington offered Khartoum not to stand in the way of a suspension in return for concessions in terms of the Darfur peace process and the deployment of peace keepers.
In July the US abstained from a resolution extending the mandate of the UN-African Union (AU) hybrid force in Darfur (UNAMID) because of a paragraph incorporated that spoke about the possibility of a suspension.
In explaining the abstention of US Representative to the UN, Alejandro Wolff said his government strongly supports UNAMID but that the language added to the resolution would send the wrong signal to the Sudanese President Omar Hassan Al-Bashir and undermine efforts to bring him and others to justice.
Wolf said that the paragraph which they objected to comes at a very important time when we are trying to eliminate the climate of impunity to deal with justice and address crimes in Darfur by suggesting there is a way out.
There is no compromise on the issue of justice, the climate of impunity has gone on for too long and the United States felt it was time to stand up on this point of moral , that this permanent member of the UNSC will not compromise on the issue of justice he stressed.
The issue before us is to make clear to those who are guilty of criminal activity and complicit in the horrors that befallen on the people of Darfur that there can be no escape anything that signals a way out or any easy way to circumvent that we believe needs to be opposed the US diplomat said.
He also said that the Us disagrees with the AU request to block the ICCs Prosecutors request of an arrest warrant against the Sudan President. The issue of invoking Article 16 of the Rome Statute comes at a very sensitive time for the Bush Administration in an election year. It may be politically damaging for the Republican Party to allow such a resolution to pass the UNSC. Darfur advocacy groups including the Save Darfur coalition in the US have already started campaigning against any suspension.
Sudan has not ratified the Rome Statute, but the UNSC triggered the provisions under the Statute that enables it to refer situations in non-State parties to the world court if it deems that it is a threat to international peace and security.
The Juba Post, 15-18 September 2008, page 6 (Juba, South Sudan)
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A New Chance for DarfurMr. [Ambassador Richard] Williamson, who is President Bushs special envoy to Sudan, wrote a tough memo to Mr. Bush this fall outlining three particular steps the United States could take to press Sudans leader, President Omar Hassan al-Bashir:
The United States could jam all communications in Khartoum, the Sudanese capital. This would include all telephone calls, all cellular service, all Internet access. After two days, having demonstrated Sudans vulnerability, the United States could halt the jamming.
The United States could apply progressive pressure to Port Sudan, from which Sudan exports oil and thus earns revenue. The first step would be to send naval vessels near the port. The next step would be to search or turn back some ships, and the final step would be to impose a quarantine and halt Sudans oil exports.
The United States could target Sudanese military aircraft that defy a United Nations ban on offensive military flights in Darfur. The first step would be to destroy a helicopter gunship on the ground at night. A tougher approach would be to warn Sudan that unless it complies with international demands (by handing over suspects indicted by the International Criminal Court, for example), it will lose its air force and then if it does not comply, to destroy all its military aircraft on the ground. NYTimes
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For July 1st through August 31st 2011
#1 – Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark #2 – Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree #3 – Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane #4 – Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper #5 – Stackin’ Paper 2 Genesis’ Payback by Joy King #6 – Thug Lovin’ (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark #7 – When I Get Where I’m Going by Cheryl Robinson #8 – Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby #9 – The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane
#10 – Covenant: A Thriller by Brandon Massey
#11 – Diary Of A Street Diva by Ashley and JaQuavis
#12 – Don’t Ever Tell by Brandon Massey
#13 – For colored girls who have considered suicide by Ntozake Shange
#14 – For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree
#15 – Homemade Loves by J. California Cooper
#16 – The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper
#17 – Player Haters by Carl Weber
#18 – Purple Panties: An Eroticanoir.com Anthology by Sidney Molare
#19 – Stackin’ Paper by Joy King
#20 – Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey
#21 – The Upper Room by Mary Monroe
#22 Thug Matrimony by Wahida Clark
#23 – Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark
#24 – Married Men by Carl Weber
#25 – I Dreamt I Was in Heaven – The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter
#1 – Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable #2 – Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans #3 – Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane #4 – Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper #5 – Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You’re Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant #6 – Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey #7 – The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight #8 – The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing #9 – The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson
#10 – John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History by Ahati N. N. Toure
#11 – Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley
#12 –The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander
#13 – The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell
#14 – The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore
#15 – Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can’t Commit by RM Johnson
#16 – Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins
#17 – Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell
#18 – A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose by Eckhart Tolle
#19 – John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard
#20 – Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris
#21 – Age Ain’t Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice
#22 – 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino #23 – Chicken Soup for the Prisoner’s Soul by Tom Lagana #24 – 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields
#25 – Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class by Lisa B. Thompson
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By Randall Kennedy
Among the best things about The Persistence of the Color Line is watching Mr. Kennedy hash through the positions about Mr. Obama staked out by black commentators on the left and right, from Stanley Crouch and Cornel West to Juan Williams and Tavis Smiley. He can be pointed. Noting the way Mr. Smiley consistently voiced skepticism regarding whether blacks should back Obama . . .
The finest chapter in The Persistence of the Color Line is so resonant, and so personal, it could nearly be the basis for a book of its own. That chapter is titled Reverend Wright and My Father: Reflections on Blacks and Patriotism. Recalling some of the criticisms of Americas past made by Mr. Obamas former pastor, Mr. Kennedy writes with feeling about his own father, who put each of his three of his children through Princeton but who never forgave American society for its racist mistreatment of him and those whom he most loved. His father distrusted the police, who had frequently called him boy, and rejected patriotism. Mr. Kennedys father relished Muhammad Alis quip that the Vietcong had never called him nigger. The author places his father, and Mr. Wright, in sympathetic historical light.
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By Jeffrey D. Sachs
The Price of Civilization is a book that is essential reading for every American. In a forceful, impassioned, and personal voice, he offers not only a searing and incisive diagnosis of our countrys economic ills but also an urgent call for Americans to restore the virtues of fairness, honesty, and foresight as the foundations of national prosperity. Sachs finds that both political partiesand many leading economistshave missed the big picture, offering shortsighted solutions such as stimulus spending or tax cuts to address complex economic problems that require deeper solutions. Sachs argues that we have profoundly underestimated globalizations long-term effects on our country, which create deep and largely unmet challenges with regard to jobs, incomes, poverty, and the environment. Americas single biggest economic failure, Sachs argues, is its inability to come to grips with the new global economic realities. Sachs describes a political system that has lost its ethical moorings, in which ever-rising campaign contributions and lobbying outlays overpower the voice of the citizenry. . . . Sachs offers a plan to turn the crisis around. He argues persuasively that the problem is not Americas abiding values, which remain generous and pragmatic, but the ease with which political spin and consumerism run circles around those values.
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From The World and Africa, 1965
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posted 22 July 2008