Cecil Elementary

Cecil Elementary


ChickenBones: A Journal

for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes



Black History Month

at Cecil Elementary School

Baltimore, Maryland




Above (left to right):

Jim Beckworth discovered the High Sierra pass that became a a major emigrant route to California.

George Glenn and Bose Ikard–two of many black cowboys who rode the Chisholm and Goodnight-Loving Trails.

Jean Baptiste Point DuSable, fur trader, friend to Indian, founder of settlement that became Chicago

Harriet Tubman, liberator of over 300 slaves, nurse, spy and scout for North during Civil War.

Peter Salem (Bunker Hill, 1775), former slave, cited for extraordinary valor


During the months of February and March Cecil Elementary School, located in East Baltimore, conducted several Black History cultural sessions for students and the school community. Students and staff participated in fashion shows, cultural enrichment programs, essay contests, door decorating activities, and a poetry contest.


Kiwana Terry, a fourth grade teacher, sponsored a Black History Poetry Contest. Some of the poems submitted by the students are posted below. The ChickenBones: A Journal staff hopes that all enjoy the poems of some of our youngest writers.  



Harriet Tubman

                   By Leo Johnson


Harriett Tubman was a slave.

And she did not like to misbehave.

She led many to freedom, a hundred times.

She wasn’t trying to commit a crime.


Her family had no money not even a dime.

Her master was not very kind.

Harriett wanted a free life.

But she didn’t want to kill anyone with a knife.

She was happy,

To be free! To be Free !

Leo Johnson is an energetic fifth grader who loves play baseball and chess. He wants to be a lawyer or computer technician later in life. He lives in Baltimore with father, mother and two brothers. His role model is his father because he is smart and tough.

*   *   *   *   *



Harriet Tubman

By Brenda Nichols                                                                    

Harriet Tubman didn’t take no stuff

and wasn’t scared of nothing either.

She didn’t come in this world to be no slave

and was going to stay one either.

She escaped and ran back to free three hundred others

Harriet was great. Harriet was proud!

She put on a smile and did not die a slave.

She helped a lot of people and she constantly gave.          

*   *   *

Brenda is a thoughtful fourth grader who likes to read and go to the beach. She lives in Baltimore with her mother and father. Brenda has aspirations of becoming a lawyer. Her grandmother is her role model and encourager.

*   *   *   *   *


Harriet the Conductor   

                       By Briana Robertson

Hero! Hero! That she is.

She led the slaves through the railroad.

To Freedom’s Way

She sacrificed her time

and was not paid a dime.

Thanks to Harriet Tubman

Who helped to free the slaves?

From all their agony and pain.

On her Underground Railroad train.

Even though she could not read or write.

She fought for black and whites.

to have all the same equal rights.

 *   *   *

Briana wants to be an obstetrician when she grows up. She is a thoughtful fourth grader who enjoys drawing, painting, and reading. Briana lives in Baltimore with her mother, two brothers, and sister. She says her mother is her role model because she tea chess her right from wrong.


*   *   *   *   *



Harriet Tubman

By Tamira Garris

Harriet was born a slave,

One more thing, she was oh so brave.

Harriet Tubman was very strong

and told the slaves to follow along.

However, she was gorgeous and wise

and told herself to save more lives.

Boy, I wish she were still here

So everyone could give her cheers!


Tamira is a fifth grader who loves to read and do math because it helps to educate me. She wants to be a pediatrician because she loves children. Tamira says her mother is her role model because she is very responsible. She lives with her mother, brother and great-grandmother. She has a sister who does not live with her


*   *   *   *   *


My Future

                       By Nathaniel Penick



My future will be bright.

You will see me go to college.

Forever learning.

Understanding past mistakes.

Taking part in my own education.

Under pressure I will shine.

Remembering past heroes.

Eventually I will prevail.

*   *   *   *   *


Frederick Douglas Wanted Freedom

       By Tashera Smith   

Frederick Douglas was a great man you see

An African-American who wanted to be free.

He escaped the South and went to the North

As a slave for life he did what he ought.

He became a great writer and speaker you see,

and he made things better for you and for me.

and for other slaves who wanted to be free.

Now, that’s the kind of writer I’ll like to be.

He never knew his right age, but that’s all right with me,

because he became a great writer and set himself free.

He may have been black and he could have been white

But now he is in heaven sleeping peacefully tonight.

 *   *   *

Tashera is an active and thoughtful young lady who enjoys typing on her computer. These skills will be useful when she grows up and becomes a teacher. Tashera who lives with her father identifies her grandmother as her role model. Tashera has five sisters and one brother.

*   *   *   *   *






Ms. Rosa Parks 

                  By Devon Dixon


Coming home from a day at work and they treated her like dirt.

They wanted her to give up her seat, but all she wanted was some sleep.


“Oh my God what they did”.

They put her in jail and made her scared.

They got everyone in fright,

Wondering what they’ll do tonight.

We couldn’t go to some schools back then.

What could we do?

How could they treat us like that?

Why we were mad, they were glad.

They treated us so badly.

Do you see what Rosa Parks went through?

to help you and me?

We love you Rosa.

*   *   *

Devon is an energetic and inquisitive fourth grader. He loves to ask questions and play football. He wants to be an entertainer when he grows up. He lives with his mother, father, and brother. He identifies his father as his role model.

*   *   *   *   *

A Poem about Rosa Parks   

                   By Jordan Wallace

Rosa Parks didn’t give up her seat.

Rosa Parks had tired feet.

Rosa Parks went to jail

Rosa Parks made bail.

Rosa Parks had a speech.

She wanted her friend Martin to preach.

Rosa Parks was a fighter.

She helped the black community to grow tighter.

 *   *   *

Jordan, an energetic fourth grader, likes to play video games. He wants to be a teacher when he reaches adulthood. His mother is his role model and encourager. He lives with his mother, cousin and grandmother. He has one sister and one brother.

*   *   *   *   *

 Rosa Parks

                 By Ke`Asia Williams

She got on the bus,

In a rush.

she sat down in a seat,

To rest her hard working feet.

Because of the laws back then,

Time in jail is what she would spend.

Rosa Parks contributions have helped

laws get better for you, me and our kin.

Ke`Asia is fifth grader who loves to read and draw. She feels that she may become the first female president of the United States. She lives with her stepfather, aunt, 2 cousins, 2 sisters, and mother. Her mother is her role model.


*   *   *   *   *


My Future

By Jermaine Mamillan

My future will be bright!

You will see me be successful.

Forever growing.

Using my knowledge to improve life.

Trying to be the best that I can.

Understanding the past.

Realizing dreams.

Everyone can succeed!

*   *   *   *   *

Thankful for my Heritage

 By Kieara Manley



As I close my eyes and see the world today

I know in your dreams, you did not imagine it this way.

People are doing things unnecessarily.

The sights I see I hope are only temporary.

You were great women and men; you did all you could.

I’m blessed by your intelligence because you understood.

We are all-equal and created the same.

Even to this day we celebrate your fame.

Martin, Malcolm and Harriet fought that we would have our rights.

We are destroying one another, not Blacks against Whites.

I’m writing this poem because I understand.

You’re heroes, strong, courageous Black women and men.

People search your soul and let’s build the bridge

Come to realize” A bright future is built upon our heritage”!

 *   *   *

Kieara really enjoys acting in drama class. She is thoughtful and loves a good debate. She would like to be a lawyer later in life. She lives in Baltimore with her grandmother, brother and sister. Her older sister Ciarra is her role model because she attended college and is contributing to the community in a positive way. Kieara has six brothers and six sisters!

*   *   *   *   *



My Future    

By Rukiyah Myles

My future will be bright.

You will see me be successful.

Following the footsteps of the others,

Using my skills in life.

Trying to be the best I can be.

Under pressure I will shine

Rukiyah will rule!

Everyone can succeed!

 *   *   *

Rukiyah is an active second grader who likes to ride her bike, play with dolls and read. Rukiyah says she wants to be a police officer when she grows up so that she can help people. She says her mom is her role model. She lives at home with her mother and two brothers.

*   *   *   *   *


My Aunt May 

                  By  Saytia Kingwood

My Aunt May has to fight many fights

To help other countries get their rights.

She is also my inspiration

Because she helps them get back civilization.

To help these places

Around the world

She has to move

In different spaces.

I salute my Aunt May in every way

Because of what she does for countries


All these things that she can do

Is because she is in the army

For me and you.

My Aunt May says she takes her job seriously.

When people ask her very curiously.

She has nothing to be afraid of

But she is sad that she has friends above.

I salute my Aunt May in every way.

All day, every day.

 *   *   *

Saytia is an active fourth grader who loves to skate and dance. She aspires to be an actress when she reaches adulthood. Her role model is her Aunt May. She lives in Baltimore with her mother, grandmother, two sisters and her grandmother’s friend. She has one other sister who does nit live with her.

*   *   *   *   *

L. L. Cool J

My African-American Hero  

By Joyce Whitfield 

L.L. Cool J is fine

L.L. Cool J is a singer

L.l.   Cool J is on the right line

L.L. Cool J is hot

L.L. Cool J has a big song

L.L. Cool J is not a Banger!

 *   *   *

Joyce is a creative fifth grader who loves to draw. She lives in Baltimore with her mother and father. Her mother is her role model. She has one sister. Joyce aspires to become a teacher.

*   *   *   *   *



The Midnight Train

By Christina Knox

The conductor said, “come, come” aboard

There is a train that traveled during the still of the night.

I will part the dark sea of slavery,

to freedom you see.


Don’t let this train pass you by,

because it doesn’t know the time or the hour that it will come back by.

You ask me if there is a price?

“I say yes, you must fight to free your life.”

One may ask who are you?

I reply, “Some may call me the creeper of the night,

or some may call me the Black Moses of my time”.

However, I know myself as Harriet Tubman.

*   *   *   *   *



Oprah Winfrey  

By Jasmine Brooks

Oprah Winfrey was nineteen

when she appeared on the TV screen

She won awards in ninety-eight,

She played in movies and was in magazines

She even did this as a teen.

She was young, but she was so strong.

How can anyone prove her wrong?


Jasmine a fifth grader loves to read, draw and do math. She has decided whether she wants to be a teacher or a doctor. She lives in Baltimore with her mother and father. She says her mother is her role model. She has one sister and one brother.

posted 2003 

*   *   *   *   *

Harriet Tubman



14 February 2011   

Harriet Tubman (born Araminta Ross; c. 1820 – March 10, 1913) was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the American Civil War.

After escaping from slavery, into which she was born, she made 19 missions to Maryland to rescue over 300 people using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. If anyone ever wanted to change his or her mind during the journey to freedom and return, Tubman pulled out her revolver and said, “You’ll be free or you’ll die a slave!”

The petite Tubman knew that if anyone turned back, it would put her and the other escaping slaves in danger of discovery, capture or even death. She became so well known for leading slaves to freedom that Tubman became known as the “Moses of Her People.” Many slaves dreaming of freedom sang the spiritual “Go Down Moses.”

Slaves hoped a savior would deliver them from slavery just as Moses had delivered the Israelites from slavery. During these dangerous journeys she helped rescue members of her own family, including her 70-year-old parents. At one point, rewards for Tubman’s capture was a combined total of $40,000. Yet, she was never captured and never failed to deliver her “passengers” to safety. As Tubman herself said, “On my Underground Railroad I [never] run my train off [the] track [and] I never [lost] a passenger.”

One day, when she was an adolescent, Tubman was sent to a dry-goods store for some supplies. There, she encountered a slave owned by a different family, who had left the fields without permission. His overseer, furious, demanded that Tubman help restrain the young man. She refused, and as the slave ran away, the overseer threw a two-pound weight from the store’s counter. It missed and struck Tubman instead, which she said “broke my skull.” She later explained her belief that her hair—which “had never been combed and . . . stood out like a bushel basket”—might have saved her life.

Bleeding and unconscious, Tubman was returned to her owner’s house and laid on the seat of a loom, where she remained without medical care for two days. She was immediately sent back into the fields, “with blood and sweat rolling down my face until I couldn’t see.” Her boss said she was “not worth a sixpence” and returned her to Brodess, who tried unsuccessfully to sell her. She began having seizures and would seemingly fall unconscious, although she claimed to be aware of her surroundings even though she appeared to be asleep. 

These episodes were alarming to her family who were unable to wake her when she fell asleep suddenly and without warning. This condition remained with Tubman for the rest of her life; Larson suggests she may have suffered from temporal lobe epilepsy as a result of the injury. This severe head wound occurred at a time in her life when Tubman was becoming deeply religious. As an illiterate child, she had been told Bible stories by her mother.

The particular variety of her early Christian belief remains unclear, but Tubman acquired a passionate faith in God. She rejected white interpretations of scripture urging slaves to be obedient, finding guidance in the Old Testament tales of deliverance. After her brain trauma, Tubman began experiencing visions and potent dreams, which she considered signs from the divine. This religious perspective instructed her throughout her life.

She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era she retired to the family home in Auburn, NY (sold to her by the abolitionist and US Senator, William H. Seward for $1,200) and worked for women’s suffrage.



Books on Tubman

Kate Larson. Bound For The Promised Land: Harriet Tubman, Portrait of an American Hero.  George Sullivan. In Their Own Words: Harriet Tubman.  Kate McMullan. The Story of Harriet Tubman : Conductor of the Underground Railroad  Catherine Clinton. Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom  Ann Petry. Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad Ann McGovern. Wanted Dead or Alive: The True Story of Harriet Tubman  Earl Conrad. General Tubman.

*   *   *   *   *

 Harriet Tubman: The Life and the Life Stories

By Jean McMahon Humez


Conductor of the Underground Railroad for eight years, Harriet Tubman famously boasted that she could say what most conductors couldn’t: “I never run my train off the track and I never lost a passenger.” The quote fits with the popular image of Tubman as the courageous, inspired “Moses of Her People,” yet Humez, a professor of women’s studies and scholar of African-American spiritual autobiography, argues that the edifice of Tubman iconography has concealed the woman herself. Humez has assembled a trove of primary source documents-letters, diaries, memorials, speeches, articles, meeting minutes and testimonies-that create a more intimate portrait of Tubman. But instead of interpreting the rich materials she has collected, Humez offers a biography of Tubman and then includes a scholarly article asserting that since Tubman was illiterate, and her stories and correspondence have been recorded by others, “such texts cannot be read at face value” and must be understood to have undergone at least minimal changes from the author’s original statements.

Although Humez’s prose lacks narrative flair, she aptly places Tubman in a broad historical context, documenting her relations to John Brown, Sojourner Truth, Abraham Lincoln, Frederic Douglass, Northern abolitionists and the nascent women’s movement. The book is at its best in the last two primary-source sections. Through Tubman’s documented words and the observations of others, “Aunt Harriet” emerges as an even more charismatic figure than American history has allowed: profoundly spiritual, irreverent, witty, wise, impoverished and ultimately neglected by the Union she defended. —Publishers Weekly

*   *   *   *   *

The Word of the Lord Is Upon Me

The Righteous Performance of Martin Luther King, Jr.

By Jonathan Rieder

“You don’t know me,” Martin Luther King, Jr., once declared to those who criticized his denunciation of the Vietnam War, who wanted to confine him to the ghetto of “black” issues. Now, forty years after being felled by an assassin’s bullet, it is still difficult to take the measure of the man: apostle of peace or angry prophet; sublime exponent of a beloved community or fiery Moses leading his people up from bondage; black preacher or translator of blackness to the white world? This book explores the extraordinary performances through which King played with all of these possibilities, and others too, blending and gliding in and out of idioms and identities. Taking us deep into King’s backstage discussions with colleagues, his preaching to black congregations, his exhortations in mass meetings, and his crossover addresses to whites, Jonathan Rieder tells a powerful story about the tangle of race, talk, and identity in the life of one of America’s greatest moral and political leaders.

A brilliant interpretive endeavor grounded in the sociology of culture, The Word of the Lord Is Upon Me delves into the intricacies of King’s sermons, speeches, storytelling, exhortations, jokes, jeremiads, taunts, repartee, eulogies, confessions, lamentation, and gallows humor, as well as the author’s interviews with members of King’s inner circle. The King who emerges is a distinctively modern figure who, in straddling the boundaries of diverse traditions, ultimately transcended them all. Beyond Vietnam  /



*   *   *   *   *’s 25 Best Selling Books



#1 – Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark #2 – Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree #3 – Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane #4 – Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper #5 – Stackin’ Paper 2 Genesis’ Payback by Joy King #6 – Thug Lovin’ (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark #7 – When I Get Where I’m Going by Cheryl Robinson #8 – Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby #9 – The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane

#10 – Covenant: A Thriller  by Brandon Massey

#11 – Diary Of A Street Diva  by Ashley and JaQuavis

#12 – Don’t Ever Tell  by Brandon Massey

#13 – For colored girls who have considered suicide  by Ntozake Shange

#14 – For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree

#15 – Homemade Loves  by J. California Cooper

#16 – The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper

#17 – Player Haters by Carl Weber

#18 – Purple Panties: An Anthology by Sidney Molare

#19 – Stackin’ Paper by Joy King

#20 – Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey

#21 – The Upper Room by Mary Monroe

#22 – Thug Matrimony  by Wahida Clark

#23 – Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark

#24 – Married Men by Carl Weber

#25 – I Dreamt I Was in Heaven – The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter


#1 – Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable #2 – Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans #3 – Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane #4 – Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper #5 – Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You’re Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant #6 – Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey #7 – The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight #8 – The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing #9 – The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson

#10 – John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History  by Ahati N. N. Toure

#11 – Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley

#12 –The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

#13 – The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell

#14 – The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore

#15 – Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can’t Commit  by RM Johnson

#16 – Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins

#17 – Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell

#18 – A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose by Eckhart Tolle

#19 – John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard

#20 – Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris

#21 – Age Ain’t Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice

#22 – 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino #23 – Chicken Soup for the Prisoner’s Soul by Tom Lagana #24 – 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields

#25 – Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class  by Lisa B. Thompson

*   *   *   *   *

Quiet Strength: The Faith, the Hope

and the Heart of a Woman Who Changed a Nation

By Rosa Parks

Parks, one of the U.S.’ authentic living legends, is the black lady who on December 1, 1955, refused to surrender her bus seat to a white man, was arrested under the Jim Crow law that required blacks to make way for whites, and thereby launched the yearlong bus boycott by blacks in Birmingham, Alabama, which led to the national overturning of that city’s and similar segregation laws across the nation. In this tiny collection of what seem like outtakes from oral-history tapes, she rehearses her great day (as it seems from the perspective of history; Parks remembers it as “not a happy experience. . . . I had not planned to be arrested”), stressing that it wasn’t, as many have romanticized, because her feet were tired that she didn’t move, but because she was “tired of being oppressed . . . just plain tired.” Her remarks, disposed somewhat arbitrarily into sections topically named “Fear,” “Pain,” “Character,” “Faith,” “Values,” reflect her lifelong commitment to justice for black Americans and to peace and equal opportunity for all.

*   *   *   *   *

The Last Holiday: A Memoir

By Gil Scott Heron

Shortly after we republished The Vulture and The Nigger Factory, Gil started to tell me about The Last Holiday, an account he was writing of a multi-city tour that he ended up doing with Stevie Wonder in late 1980 and early 1981. Originally Bob Marley was meant to be playing the tour that Stevie Wonder had conceived as a way of trying to force legislation to make Martin Luther King’s birthday a national holiday. At the time, Marley was dying of cancer, so Gil was asked to do the first six dates. He ended up doing all 41. And Dr King’s birthday ended up becoming a national holiday (“The Last Holiday because America can’t afford to have another national holiday”), but Gil always felt that Stevie never got the recognition he deserved and that his story needed to be told. The first chapters of this book were given to me in New York when Gil was living in the Chelsea Hotel. Among the pages was a chapter called Deadline that recounts the night they played Oakland, California, 8 December; it was also the night that John Lennon was murdered.

Gil uses Lennon’s violent end as a brilliant parallel to Dr King’s assassination and as a biting commentary on the constraints that sometimes lead to newspapers getting things wrong. —

Jamie Byng, Guardian

 Gil_reads_”Deadline” (audio)  / Gil Scott-Heron & His Music  Gil Scott Heron Blue Collar  Remember Gil Scott- Heron

*   *   *   *   *

The New Jim Crow

Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness

By Michele Alexander

Contrary to the rosy picture of race embodied in Barack Obama’s political success and Oprah Winfrey’s financial success, legal scholar Alexander argues vigorously and persuasively that [w]e have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it. Jim Crow and legal racial segregation has been replaced by mass incarceration as a system of social control (More African Americans are under correctional control today… than were enslaved in 1850). Alexander reviews American racial history from the colonies to the Clinton administration, delineating its transformation into the war on drugs. She offers an acute analysis of the effect of this mass incarceration upon former inmates who will be discriminated against, legally, for the rest of their lives, denied employment, housing, education, and public benefits. Most provocatively, she reveals how both the move toward colorblindness and affirmative action may blur our vision of injustice: most Americans know and don’t know the truth about mass incarceration—but her carefully researched, deeply engaging, and thoroughly readable book should change that.—Publishers Weekly

*   *   *   *   *

Race, Incarceration, and American Values

By Glenn C. Loury

In this pithy discussion, renowned scholars debate the American penal system through the lens—and as a legacy—of an ugly and violent racial past. Economist Loury argues that incarceration rises even as crime rates fall because we have become increasingly punitive. According to Loury, the disproportionately black and brown prison populations are the victims of civil rights opponents who successfully moved the country’s race dialogue to a seemingly race-neutral concern over crime. Loury’s claims are well-supported with genuinely shocking statistics, and his argument is compelling that even if the racial argument about causes is inconclusive, the racial consequences are clear.

Three shorter essays respond: Stanford law professor Karlan examines prisoners as an inert ballast in redistricting and voting practices; French sociologist Wacquant argues that the focus on race has ignored the fact that inmates are first and foremost poor people; and Harvard philosophy professor

Shelby urges citizens to break with Washington’s political outlook on race. The group’s respectful sparring results in an insightful look at the conflicting theories of race and incarceration, and the slim volume keeps up the pace of the argument without being overwhelming.—Publishers Weekly

*   *   *   *   *

I Must Resist: Bayard Rustin’s Life in Letters 

Edited by Michael G. Long

Bayard Rustin has been called the “lost prophet” of the Civil Rights Movement, a master strategist and organizer of the 1963 March on Washington and a deeply influential figure in the life of Martin Luther King Jr. Despite these achievements, Rustin often remained in the background, largely because he was an openly gay man in a fiercely homophobic era. Published on the centennial of his birth, and in anticipation of the 50th anniversary of the historic March on Washington, I Must Resist: Bayard Rustin’s Life in Letters  are his words shining through a collection of more than 150 of Rustin’s letters. His correspondents include major figures of his day — for example, Eleanor Holmes Norton, A. Philip Randolph, Roy Wilkins, Ella Baker and of course, Martin Luther King Jr. “I have file boxes full of Rustin’s letters that I tracked down in archives across the country,” said book editor Michael G. Long.

“The time it took to complete the research was much longer than I had predicted, not just because of the number of letters I had in hand, but also especially because for their high quality. It was incredibly difficult to weed out those letters I really liked but that did not serve the purpose of putting together a publishable narrative of letters. And there are quite a few of those that are topically fascinating but not easily fitting for a narrative.”—phillytrib

*   *   *   *   *

The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

*   *   *   *   *

Ancient African Nations

*   *   *   *   *

If you like this page consider making a donation

online through PayPal

*   *   *   *   *

Negro Digest / Black World

Browse all issues

1950        1960        1965        1970        1975        1980        1985        1990        1995        2000 ____ 2005        


*   *   *   *   *

The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery /

George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

*   *   *   *   *

The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 — The Founding of Haiti 

*   *   *   *   *


*   *   *   *   *







update 1 June 2012




Home    Civil Rights: Struggle for Black Power  Educating Our Children  Yvonne Terry   Fifty Influential Figures

Related files: Rosa Parks   Cecil Elementary  Youth of Today  Harriet Tubman

Post Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.