ChickenBones: A Journal

for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes



Annette Auguste is an elderly Haitian woman recovering from recent surgery. She is a

well-known artist, a political and cultural activist, a mother and grandmother, whose life has

been dedicated to the Lavalas Movement for democracy and development in Haiti.



Haitian Singer & Humanitarian

Anne Auguste (Sò No) 

Arrested by US Marines

Haitian Activists Terrorized — 3,000 Killed


Anne Auguste

United States Marines have arrested Anne Auguste (So Anne), a prominent Haitian singer and humanitarian activist.  A sizeable contingent of marines attacked So Anne’s home in Port-Au-Prince, where she was recuperating from surgery.  They detained eleven friends and family, who were handcuffed and taken away, including two young children (ages five and twelve years old).  The military ransacked the house.  The U.S. Marines apparently still hold So Anne incommunicado.  [Read below for a more detail! ed narrative.]

What is So Anne’s “crime?”  Organizing nutritional programs, serving food to the homeless, presenting cultural programs, and supporting Lavalas (along with the majority of the Haitian people) to name a few.  Thousands of Haitians have already been killed since the coup d’etat on February 29, 2004 for similar “crimes.” Thousands more are in hiding.  We must fight back on their behalf.

Protest this illegal and immoral action by the United States Marines!  Demand So Anne’s immediate release!  Your calls, faxes and e-mails will make a difference to keep So Anne alive, to deter brutal treatment and to expedite her release.

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On or about 12:30 on May 10, 2004, the U.S. military, acting as the Multinational Interim Force (MIF) in Haiti violently gained entrance to the home of Annette Auguste, aka “So Anne.”

No Haitian police were present at the time of the forcible entry, at the time of interrogations or during the arrests. The U.S. soldiers are said to have blown up the gate where So Anne was living and accused her of making threats against the MIF.

Freedom of speech, assembly and protection of property are no longer civil rights for Haitians, especially for Lavalas progressives. In fact, it appears Haitian law and Constitution means less than nothing unless U.S. authorities need a pretext to give legitimacy to Justice Boniface and Latorture as the puppet replacement heads for foreign rule and dictatorship in Haiti.

At a press briefing on May 10, 2004, MIF CJTF Public Affairs officer Col. David Lapan reportedly said, in sum, when asked why such force was used to make this arrest, that in operations of this type it is necessary to use violence in order to show the individuals who are the objects of the operation that the MIF means business. Haitians who had any doubt as to the current status of Haitian sovereignty need no longer ask. 

The U.S. military, through Colonel David Lapan, have clearly implied that Haiti is under occupation, and wartime rules known only to U.S. officers. Although the curfew imposed on February 29, 2004 by the MIF has been lifted. By this action of May 10, 2004, it is reasonable to say, Haiti is under U.S. martial law while Ambassador Foley puts every word that comes out of U.S. puppet head, Mr. Latorture’s month.

Annette Auguste is an elderly Haitian woman recovering from recent surgery. She is a well-known artist, a political and cultural activist, a mother and grandmother, whose life has been dedicated to the Lavalas Movement for democracy and development in Haiti. As a well-respected Haitian elder and community leader, her house is a meeting ground, as is the normal Haitian custom, for people to come and eat, gather, share news and solidarity. The Haitian Constitution guarantees Haitian citizens the right, not to be arrested or terrorized without due cause, especially it outlines no arrest warrants may be excised between 6pm and 6 am at night.

Yet, last night, a strong contingent of U.S. soldiers, from the Multinational Interim Force in Haiti apparently decided to forego Haitian and international law and practice warfare games on this elderly grandmother’s unarmed household.

Instead of knocking at the door, providing proof of charges and making a legal arrest at a reasonable and Constitutionally approved hour for arrests, the U.S. soldiers, armed with the world’s most sophisticated war instruments, threw a grenade and blew up this elderly Haitian woman’s gates and forcibly entered her home.

All the people in her house, some 11 people, including her tiny 5-year old grandson, Shashou, where forced to the ground and were handcuffed by U.S. soldiers armed in heavy artillery.

Let’s reiterate – Shashou, a 5-year old Haitian baby boy, handcuffed by the world’s most powerful soldiers at midnight in his own grandmother’s home!

This is the sort of “law and order” and democracy Haitians are subjected to after their Constitutionally-elected President was, himself, forced out of Haiti by U.S. and French soldiers at gunpoint.

This is the sort of “law,” “order,” and better “democracy” the Bush Administration is bringing to the world, while Secretary of State, Colin Powell praises Latorture, a man who called cop killers and convicted felons, “freedom fighters” in Haiti. This is the democracy the Bush Administration, currently hosting Mr. Latorture’s first “official” U.S. visit, has saddled peace-loving Haitians with. Meanwhile, U.S. authorities, ignoring that most of the local, State and congressional invitees have declined to attend meetings with the illegal Latorture, still are blithely forging ahead with their “Regime Change”, escorting the illegitimate U.S. replacement to the Constitutional government, Mr. Latorture, to shrimp and lobster dinners to places such as the Harvard Club in New York today.

After, the U.S. soldiers, with grenades, blew up the gates at So Anne’s house, they then shot, with powerful automatic weapons, the hapless defenseless yard dogs and children pets who were barking in the yard at the rude entry in the dead of night.

Photos taken of So Anne’s house show that a lot of damage was done. Also from news reports, the U.S. admitted, through Col. Lapan at the press conference, that there was no evidence of any weapons at So Anne’s house. Thus, the use of such excessive force and the hour of the operation is rendered even more illegal and clearly a blatant violation of the Haitian Constitutional, Haitian sovereignty and international treaties, not to mention the OAS and UN charters.

Moreover, in the context of the U.S. citizenry’s current concerns over treatment of individuals in US custody in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Guantanamo Bay, this May 10, 2004, excessive force and handcuffing, terrorizing, at past midnight of Haitian civilians, who where then not accused of any crime is especially egregious.

All 11 people at So Anne’s house where transported to the U.S. barracks at the Medical University the U.S. shut down upon arriving in Haiti, a country without doctors, and interrogated. None where charged. No apologies given. They were release, except that Lavalas militant, So Anne, was then delivered, after U.S. interrogation, to the Haitian National Penitentiary. No official charges have been cited. Presumably, the Interim Multinational Force has the authority, by virtual of what law? to use military force against a Haitian citizen, without warrant, without even the presence of Haitianauthorities or any Haitians whatsoever?

Are we to understand that protecting unarmed Haitian civilians – through policing, demilitarizing Haiti and arresting convicted mass murderers such as Guy Philippe and his ex-soldier and FRAPH mercenaries – are “beyond the U.S. peacekeeping mission.”

But, throwing grenades at an unarmed and sickly grandmother’s house because she supports Lavalas and the return of the legitimate President of Haiti – ransacking and destroying her house; brutally forcing all the occupants to the ground and handcuffing them, and taking them to U.S. barracks for further terrorizing after two hours of U.S. “show of force” shock-and-awe at their home – that, that sort of U.S. military performance is indeed well within the U.S. “peacekeeping mission” in Haiti?

Haitian children, even 5-year old baby boys in Haiti, need to be handcuffed by grown U.S. soldiers in the dead of night. The head of their dogs cut off by a U.S. grenade

Thus, it is clear, our malnourished and defenseless Haitian children no longer have to get on overloaded Haitian boats, face shark infested open seas and reach Miami to be terrorized by U.S. guards.

Now in Haiti itself they don’t have sanctuary.

Even more poignant, our Haitian children, don’t, in this 200 year of our ancestor’s greatest feat against enslavement and colonialism, have asylum, justice, sanctuary at their own grandmother’s houses on Haitian soil.

This situation is more than illegal. It’s barbaric, untenable. It’s naked racism. Haitians are flesh and blood human beings with heart beats, pains, dreams, desires for beauty and peace.

Why are they so persecuted by the most powerful of peoples? It seems terrorists, convicted felons responsible for actually murdering innocent people, including Americans, are treated better by this Administration than innocent Haitians, who ‘ve never harmed anyone; who merely voted for a leader the Bush regime, Otto Reich, Roger Noreiga, Luigi Einuiadi and big-business-interests hate with a deranged, psychotic passion. 

And dare we quote President Bush in reference to a statement made about the U.S. soldier’s torture of Iraqi prisoners in U.S. custody, and say that the handcuffing and arrest of 5-year old baby-boy Shashou at midnight on May 10, 2004; even the killing of defenseless pets in the yard of a grandmother in Haiti awaken by U.S. grenades, not too mention the arrest of So Anne and her entire household, one of Haiti’s most tireless pro-democracy activists, is simply too naked and revolting a lawlessness; and, for those who still believe in the untainted goodness of the U.S. government: it’s simply “un-American” to borrow that recent phrase used by President George W. Bush.

It is reported this U.S. orchestrated show of force is to further pressure, intimidate and otherwise stop other such Lavalas activists requesting the return of laws and democracy to Haiti from holding a demonstration intended for May 18, 2004, Haiti’s flag day.

* More than 3,000 Haitians, mostly young Haitian men associated or rumored to be associated with the Lavalas party have been killed in Haiti since the U.S. deposed President Aristide itself on February 29, 2004. In a bare two months, this bloodbath and killing of 3,000 Haitians represents more than half the number of Haitians that were killed during the entire three years of the first Coup D’etat against the Haitian people. 

More than 3,000 defenseless Haitians have been killed since U.S. soldiers landed in Haiti for this 2nd Coup d’etat against Haitian development and democracy. Yet, the reason given by Secretary of State, Colin Powell for the MIF and forcing out of President Aristide was “to avoid a bloodbath.”

According to current reports, as of April 26, 2004 – less than two months after U.S. and French soldiers forced Haiti’s Constitutionally elected President unto a U.S. aircraft – this Bush Administration’s illegal interdiction policy towards Haitian asylum seekers has

resulted in Washington returning 1,948 Haitians to Haiti in 2004, already an increase, according to the U.S. Coast Guard, over the 1,490 intercepted at sea for the entire 2003 year. And yet, the State Department’s propaganda to destabilize the Constitutional  government, had promised the Haitian people a better human rights record than that of the previous two Lavalas voted-in governments?

There is now a strong dossier of the 14-year destabilization campaign against Haitian democracy and development by the powerful Western Nations, led by the U.S. The violent arrest of So Anne, her 5-year old grandson and 10 other people at her house at midnight on May 10, 2004 and similar brutal conduct by the U.S. military against Lavalas — the party whom State Department propaganda insisted, before the Coup D’Etat, no longer supported President Aristide is too blatant to need deeper investigation.


The U.S. Marines did not leave So Anne’s house until around 2 or 2:30 a.m. on May 10, 2004. The house of this well-known Haitian woman and Lavalas activists was brutally ransacked and all the occupants, including, as we have noted above, small children as young as 5-years old, where taken in custody, in the dead of night and transported to

the Medical University at Tabarre. Some of the detainees report they were interrogated about their role under the Constitutional government, including questioned regarding whether they knew “Danny Toussaint was a drug trafficker?” and what where they planning at the house so late at night, et.

It is reported, by some of these detainees, that excessive force was used in putting them into custody. They had no warning and some still are trembling from the encounter and that they were terrorized during the interrogations by U.S. soldiers. No one can say how this newest trauma will damage the children involved, not to mentioned the adults, who were already managing the U.S./France metered out Coup D’etat’s post traumatic stress syndrome. Imagine waking up and all that you have worked for your entire life has been trashed and defiled while the duly elected President is kidnapped to parts unknown. The trauma is tremendous for the majority of Haitians who do not support dictatorship and wanted to move from elections to elections, not from Coup d’etat to dictatorship and the rule of the old, status-quo Duvalieriest and their FRAPH and Haitian army soldiers.

No charges where pressed against any of the twelve Haitian detainees taken from So Anne’s house. Except that So Anne was arrested and transferred to the National Penitentiary after having been interrogated all night. Just as with the forced removal of President Aristide and his wife, this operations was conducted without any Haitian present other than the foreign soldiers.

Although, the MIF reportedly transferred So Anne to the custody of the PNH without charging her with any crime. It has been reported, after the arrest, and before any formal charges have been brought that NCHR – a human rights organization with strong ties to USAID, the U.S. Embassy, the right wing Haiti Democracy Project and the opposition to President Aristide and the Lavalas party- has accused So Anne of “some connection” to the December 5th violent incidents at the University. However, these innuendoes are not supported by NCHR by any facts as of yet, nor does it have the authority to press its witch-hunt campaign against Lavalas supporters.

Moreover, other Haitian popular organizational leaders, currently in hiding for fear of similar U.S. reprisals, have opined that they suspect this arrest is a pretext to prevent So Anne from taking part in a demonstration demanding the return of the rule of law and President Aristide planned for May 18, 2004 – Haiti’s Flag Day.

So Anne is an elderly woman on medication and has yet to be charged or to see a judge in accordance with the 48 hour rule under the 1987 Haitian Constitution. This is an urgent call to action. Please contact the State Department, Defense Secretary Colin Powell, your local congressperson and representatives, the Congressional Black Caucus and media, to denounce the arrest of So Anne; the systematic terror campaign against Lavalas demonstrators, and the treatment of Haitians, like So Anne, and especially her 5-year old grandson, Shashou, by U.S. command with the Multinational Interim Force in Haiti.

Marguerite Laurent, JD, / Haitian Lawyers Leadership Network / (dedicated to protecting the civil, human and cultural rights of Haitians at home and abroad)

May 10, 2004 /

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What Color is Haitian Jesus?—17 October 2011—When it comes to Jesus, however, it seems everyone else is Black, leaving Jesus to standout more than what would be normally expected in a religious painting.  My favorite example of this in the gallery is a depiction of John the Baptist baptizing Jesus. The scene contains onlookers in the foreground, all Black, as well as John the Baptist, also Black, baptizing Jesus, white. The message is uncanny, but the true gravity of the piece takes a moment to sink in. Finally, it hits: you mean even in a Black country where the people and important figures in religious history are depicted as Black, Jesus still has to be white? For any Christian painting, I imagine the image of Jesus would figure prominently. Yet, this painting has added an extra layer of “heavenliness, ” by depicting Jesus as white amidst a sea of Black followers and a Black baptist.

In another painting, depicting the miraculous catch of fish from the book of Luke, Jesus and the disciples are painted white, though admittedly the fish are a variety of colors. And, after further scrutiny, perhaps Jesus isn’t white exactly? After all, Haiti does boast a sizable and influential Libyan population. Perhaps the images in this painting bear homage to middle eastern influence?—SakpaseDiplomacy


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The Impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World 

Reviewed by Mimi Sheller

Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804

A Brief History with Documents

By Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus

*   *   *   *   *’s 25 Best Selling Books



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#20 – Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey

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#14 – The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore

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#19 – John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard

#20 – Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris

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#22 – 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino #23 – Chicken Soup for the Prisoner’s Soul by Tom Lagana #24 – 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields

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Blacks in Hispanic Literature: Critical Essays

Edited by Miriam DeCosta-Willis 

Blacks in Hispanic Literature is a collection of fourteen essays by scholars and creative writers from Africa and the Americas. Called one of two significant critical works on Afro-Hispanic literature to appear in the late 1970s, it includes the pioneering studies of Carter G. Woodson and Valaurez B. Spratlin, published in the 1930s, as well as the essays of scholars whose interpretations were shaped by the Black aesthetic. The early essays, primarily of the Black-as-subject in Spanish medieval and Golden Age literature, provide an historical context for understanding 20th-century creative works by African-descended, Hispanophone writers, such as Cuban Nicolás Guillén and Ecuadorean poet, novelist, and scholar Adalberto Ortiz, whose essay analyzes the significance of Negritude in Latin America. This collaborative text set the tone for later conferences in which writers and scholars worked together to promote, disseminate, and critique the literature of Spanish-speaking people of African descent. . . . Cited by a literary critic in 2004 as “the seminal study in the field of Afro-Hispanic Literature . . . on which most scholars in the field ‘cut their teeth’.”

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Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America

By Melissa V. Harris-Perry

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Professor Perry points out how the propagation of these harmful myths have served the mainstream culture well. For instance, the Mammy suggests that it is almost second nature for black females to feel a maternal instinct towards Caucasian babies.

As for the source of the Jezebel, black women had no control over their own bodies during slavery given that they were being auctioned off and bred to maximize profits. Nonetheless, it was in the interest of plantation owners to propagate the lie that sisters were sluts inclined to mate indiscriminately.

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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Negro Digest / Black World

Browse all issues

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery /

George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 — The Founding of Haiti 

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update 22 December 2011




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Related files: Anne Auguste Arrested    Demand Release of Anne Auguste