ChickenBones: A Journal
for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes
In the US a cunning media propaganda campaign to justify military intervention
in Sudan has been underway for several years now, while news of covert resource
wars in Chad, Congo and elsewhere in the region have been deliberately suppressed.
AFRICOM Plot Thickens
By Junious Ricardo Stanton
Darfur is reported to have the fourth largest copper and third largest uranium deposits in the world. Darfur produces two-thirds of the worlds best quality gum Arabica major ingredient in Coke and Pepsi. Contiguous petroleum reserves are driving warfare from the Red Sea, through Darfur, to the Great Lakes of Central Africa. Private military companies operate alongside petroleum contractors and humanitarian agencies. Sudan is Chinas fourth biggest supplier of imported oil, and U.S. companies controlling the pipelines in Chad and Uganda seek to displace China through the US military alliance with frontline states hostile to Sudan: Uganda, Chad and Ethiopia. Israel reportedly provides military training to Darfur rebels from bases in Eritrea, and has strengthened ties with the regime in Chad, from which more weapons and troops penetrate Darfur. The refugee camps have become increasingly militarized. There are reports that Israeli military intelligence operates from within the camps, as does U.S intelligence. Eritrea is about to explode into yet another war with Ethiopia. The USs War In Darfur By Keith Harmon Snow CounterCurrents
The role of US imperialism in Africa is becoming more widely known now as the multi-headed hydra of globalism, militarism, neo-colonialism and racism attempts to increasingly wreck havoc on the continent. Things are moving so rapidly they can no longer do it quietly under the radar. I have been saying for many years now, the US has Africa in its cross-hairs and is itching to pull the trigger to initiate an even wider grab for Africas resources. They plan to bum rush the whole continent so they can seize, control and expropriate Africas rich natural resources, raw materials and use Africas geo-strategic location to their advantage.
The corporate mind control apparatus suppresses news about Africa and the rapacious programs of exploitation, predation, depopulation and genocide the West is conducting in our motherland. The Europeans play their divide and rule trump card and rig the games so our brothers and sistahs there are discombobulated and thwarted in their efforts to be self-determined self-actualized beings in their own land. Using the bogus War on Terror and the totally disingenuous notion of humanitarianism as pretexts, the Bu$h administration is attempting to establish a permanent military presence on the continent called AFRICOM so they can have a launching and staging base of operations from whence to gain access and control over the goodies they covet.
But the good news is so far the Africans (even some bought and paid for by the CIA) are baulking at this program. It remains to be seen how successful they will be in keeping the wolves at arms length.
The Bush administration’s new obsession with AFRICOM and its militaristic approach has many malign consequences. It increases U.S. interference in the affairs of Africa. It brings more military hardware to a continent that already has too much. By helping to build machineries of repression, these policies reinforce undemocratic practices and reward leaders responsive not to the interests or needs of their people but to the demands and dictates of U.S. military agents. Making military force a higher priority than development and diplomacy creates an imbalance that can encourage irresponsible regimes to use U.S. sourced military might to oppress their own people, now or potentially in the future. These fatally flawed policies create instability, foment tensions, and lead to a less secure world. What Africa needs least is U.S. military expansion on the continent (and elsewhere in the world). What Africa needs most is its own mechanism to respond to peacemaking priorities. Fifty years ago, Kwame Nkrumah sounded the clarion call for a United States of Africa. One central feature of his call was for an Africa Military High Command. Today, as the African Union deliberates continental governance, there couldn’t be a better time to reject U.S. military expansion and push forward African responses to Africa’s priorities. Long suffering the effects of militaristic assistance from the United States, Liberia would be the worst possible base for AFRICOM. But there are no good locations for such a poorly conceived project. Africa does not need AFRICOM. AFRICOM: Wrong for Liberia, Disastrous for Africa. Ezekiel Pajibo and Emira Woods (July 26, 2007 ) Africa Resource
AFRICOM will be the tactical assault arm the US imperialists put in place to work in conjunction with and augment the covert ops and destabilizing economic policies of the IMF, World Bank and US-AID presently employed throughout the continent. In the US a cunning media propaganda campaign to justify military intervention in Sudan has been underway for several years now, while news of covert resource wars in Chad, Congo and elsewhere in the region have been deliberately suppressed. The medias focus in Sudan is on the killing and displacement going on in Darfur.
However we must always keep in mind, the corporate media is doing the bidding of the ruling elites who own it. Their role is to obfuscate the issues, disguise the real objectives which are to secure, control and expropriate the wealth throughout that region of Africa.
The Darfur region of western Sudan has been a hotbed of clandestine activities, gunrunning and indiscriminate violence for decades. The Cold War era saw countless insurgencies launched from the remote deserts of Darfur. Throughout the 1990s, factions allied with or against Chad, Uganda, Ethiopia, Congo, Libya, Eritrea and the Central African Republic operated from bases in Darfur, and it was a regular landing strip for foreign military transport planes of mysterious origin. In 1990, Chads Idriss Deby launched a military blitzkrieg from Darfur and overthrew President Hissan Habre; Deby then allied with his own ethnic group against the Sudan government. Sudanese rebels today have bases in Chad, and Chadian rebels have bases in Darfur, with Khartoums backing. When the regime of Ange-Félix Patassé collapsed in the Central African Republic in March 2003, soldiers fled to Darfur with their military equipment. Khartoum supported the West Nile Bank Front, a rebel army operating against Uganda from Eastern Congo, commanded by Taban Amin, the son of the infamous Ugandan dictator, Idi Amin, who heads Ugandas dreaded Internal Security Organization. Darfur is the epicenter of a modern-day international geopolitical scramble for Africas resources. The USs War In Darfur. Keith Harmon Snow CounterCurrents
The Wests long range plan is to totally destabilize the whole region, balkanize it and bring it under the sway of the US, Britain, Israel and sordid Western powers. They want it all for themselves and most importantly they wish to minimize Chinas influence in the region. But China is not to be denied.
As for Sudan, as far back as the 1970s, before Sudan’s civil war first started, American oil giant Chevron spent $1.2 billion dollars prospecting for new oil in Sudan. However after being kicked out of Sudan it was only a matter of time before America helped engineer and partly finance Sudan’s civil war by backing the Christian rebels. Today what complicates this ugly situation is keen interest from China in Africa. With China’s growing energy hungry economy and an increasingly unstable and arguably less predictable Middle East, China wants to dominate and take the largest resource slice out of Africa. Powerful states such as China are anxiously looking to diversify and find new alternative energy sources. China sources an estimated 30% of its oil needs from Africa. In Sudan it has invested more than $5 billion dollars as it uses up to 80% of Sudan’s daily domestic production estimated anywhere between 500,000-750,000 barrels of oil per day. It is estimated that Sudan holds at least 5 billion barrels of oil, mostly located in the South. Darfur: The Colonial Struggle over Sudan Khilafah
For AmeriKKKan oil companies to get its hooks and pipelines into Darfur and Africa as a whole, they’ll need a military presence to protect their investments. The bogus Global War on Terrorism provides the pretext for AFRICOM. AFRICOM will be the official US military presence on the continent, a rapid deployment force able to go anywhere to put their foots on the necks of uncooperative or recalcitrant natives the corporate media will brand as terrorists simply for having the temerity to demand the right of self-determination and who are willing to fight for their own country! Make no mistake about it, the multi-national corporations already have their private mercenaries on set as protection, but to make sure they can extract and exploit Africas resources at will, they will need the protection and might of Uncle Sams killers. Resources are at the heart of the conflicts throughout Africa.
Resource wars in the Congo (over diamonds and coltran) and in West Africa (over oil) have set the continent on fire. The U.S. has thus far engaged with these conflicts through Africa’s national armies, who have increasingly become the praetorian guards of large corporations. None of this can be justified directly as a protection of the extraction of resources, so it has increasingly been couched in the language of the war on terrorism. The Pan-Sahel Initiative (created in 2002) draws U.S. Special Operations Forces to Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger. In 2004, the U.S. extended this to the major oil producing countries of Algeria, Nigeria, Senegal and Tunisia and renamed it the Trans-Saharan Counter-Terrorism Initiative.
After 9/11, the U.S. moved a Special Operations Force into a former French Foreign Legion base, Camp Le Monier, in Djibouti. In July 2003, the U.S. earned the right to deploy P-3 Orion aerial surveillance aircraft in Tamanrasset, Algeria. Under the guise of the War on Terrorism, the U.S. government has moved forces into various parts of Africa, where they were able to train African armies and to intervene in the increasingly dangerous resource wars. If the U. S. government is quieter in its approach, right-wing think tanks in the U. S. feel no such compunction. The Heritage Foundation has lobbied for the creation of AFRICOM for several years, and it is arguable that its work moved Donald Rumsfeld to consider an African Command.
In a 2003 study entitled U. S. Military Assistance for Africa: A Better Solution, the Heritage Foundation argued, Creating an African Command would go a long way toward turning the Bush Administration’s well-aimed strategic priorities for Africa into a reality. Rather than engage Africa diplomatically, it is better to be diplomatic through the barrel of a gun. America must not be afraid to employ its forces decisively when vital national interests are threatened. Nevertheless, the U.S. will not need to always send its own soldiers. A sub-unified command for Africa would give the U.S. military an instrument with which to engage effectively in the continent and reduce the potential that America might have to intervene directly.
The AFRICOM would analyze intelligence, work closely with civil-military leaders and coordinate training and conduct joint-exercises. In other words, the U.S. would make the friendly African military forces inter-operatable not only with U.S. hardware but also with U.S. interests. When AFRICOM became reality Heritage’s Brett Schaefer welcomed the long overdue move… Alex Constantine
Keep in mind that large reserves of oil were only confirmed in the Darfur region within the last few years. The US media push for humanitarian intervention in Darfur is really about gaining access to the oil! As more and more of the natural resources that fuel Western lifestyles and technology are discovered in Africa, Western corporations will move to secure control over the land and resources by using their government flunkies/cohorts to instigate more discord and foment more wars to expropriate and exploit them.
In Uganda, oil production is expected to start in 2009 from a field on the shores of Lake Albert, on the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo. Two independent oil producers, Heritage Oil of Canada and Tullow Oil of Britain, will produce about 6,000 barrels a day of light, sweet crude that will be used locally to produce kerosene and other fuels and to supply a small power plant, said Chris Perry, investor relations officer at Tullow. Perry said that Tullow was also evaluating a series of recent oil discoveries to determine whether enough crude could be produced to justify construction of a $2 billion, 1,300-kilometer, or 800-mile, export pipeline to Mombasa, the Kenyan port which serves land-locked Uganda.In the past two years, Tanzania has leased large swaths of its offshore area to exploration and production companies that include Petrobras of Brazil, Statoil of Norway, and Aminex, an Anglo-Irish company. Tanzania has sizeable reserves of natural gas, and a French exploration company, Maurel and Prom, announced a gas find there in January. But offshore exploration plans by oil majors, including Royal Dutch Shell, have been held up for years around the semi-autonomous islands of Zanzibar, until an agreement is reached on resource management with the mainland Tanzanian government. East Africa attracts hunters for oil and gas. Sarah J Wachter IHT
Stay tuned, the plot thickens.
Source: From The Ramparts
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For July 1st through August 31st 2011
#1 – Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark #2 – Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree #3 – Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane #4 – Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper #5 – Stackin’ Paper 2 Genesis’ Payback by Joy King #6 – Thug Lovin’ (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark #7 – When I Get Where I’m Going by Cheryl Robinson #8 – Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby #9 – The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane
#10 – Covenant: A Thriller by Brandon Massey
#11 – Diary Of A Street Diva by Ashley and JaQuavis
#12 – Don’t Ever Tell by Brandon Massey
#13 – For colored girls who have considered suicide by Ntozake Shange
#14 – For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree
#15 – Homemade Loves by J. California Cooper
#16 – The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper
#17 – Player Haters by Carl Weber
#18 – Purple Panties: An Eroticanoir.com Anthology by Sidney Molare
#19 – Stackin’ Paper by Joy King
#20 – Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey
#21 – The Upper Room by Mary Monroe
#22 Thug Matrimony by Wahida Clark
#23 – Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark
#24 – Married Men by Carl Weber
#25 – I Dreamt I Was in Heaven – The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter
#1 – Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable #2 – Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans #3 – Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane #4 – Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper #5 – Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You’re Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant #6 – Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey #7 – The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight #8 – The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing #9 – The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson
#10 – John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History by Ahati N. N. Toure
#11 – Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley
#12 –The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander
#13 – The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell
#14 – The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore
#15 – Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can’t Commit by RM Johnson
#16 – Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins
#17 – Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell
#18 – A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose by Eckhart Tolle
#19 – John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard
#20 – Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris
#21 – Age Ain’t Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice
#22 – 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino #23 – Chicken Soup for the Prisoner’s Soul by Tom Lagana #24 – 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields
#25 – Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class by Lisa B. Thompson
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By H. W. Brands
In Greenback Planet, acclaimed historian H. W. Brands charts the dollar’s astonishing rise to become the world’s principal currency. Telling the story with the verve of a novelist, he recounts key episodes in U.S. monetary history, from the Civil War debate over fiat money (greenbacks) to the recent worldwide financial crisis. Brands explores the dollar’s changing relations to gold and silver and to other currencies and cogently explains how America’s economic might made the dollar the fundamental standard of value in world finance. He vividly describes the 1869 Black Friday attempt to corner the gold market, banker J. P. Morgan’s bailout of the U.S. treasury, the creation of the Federal Reserve, and President Franklin Roosevelt’s handling of the bank panic of 1933. Brands shows how lessons learned (and not learned) in the Great Depression have influenced subsequent U.S. monetary policy, and how the dollar’s dominance helped transform economies in countries ranging from Germany and Japan after World War II to Russia and China today. He concludes with a sobering dissection of the 2008 world financial debacle, which exposed the power–and the enormous risks–of the dollar’s worldwide reign. The Economy
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This book explodes several myths: that selling sex is completely different from any other kind of work, that migrants who sell sex are passive victims and that the multitude of people out to save them are without self-interest. Laura Agustín makes a passionate case against these stereotypes, arguing that the label ‘trafficked’ does not accurately describe migrants’ lives and that the ‘rescue industry’ serves to disempower them. Based on extensive research amongst both migrants who sell sex and social helpers, Sex at the Margins provides a radically different analysis. Frequently, says Agustin, migrants make rational choices to travel and work in the sex industry, and although they are treated like a marginalised group they form part of the dynamic global economy. Both powerful and controversial, this book is essential reading for all those who want to understand the increasingly important relationship between sex markets, migration and the desire for social justice. “Sex at the Margins rips apart distinctions between migrants, service work and sexual labour and reveals the utter complexity of the contemporary sex industry. This book is set to be a trailblazer in the study of sexuality.”Lisa Adkins, University of London
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From The World and Africa, 1965
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posted 15 December 2007 / update 2 September 2008