Libya and Islamic Reform Table
Books by Vijay Prashad
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Book by Lloyd D. McCarthy
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This page was inspired by Muammar Gaddafi and the Arab Spring uprising of young people, two tracks of the movement toward the integrity of Islamic nations, the recognition of the needs of all humanity, and personhood. Clearly the corporate leaders of the United Nations Security Council, the United States of America, France, United Kingdom as large Western institutions have conspired and continue to disrupt weaker nations of the Middle East and Africa. We have received and published numerous articles of persons concerned with Pan Africanism, an ideological perspective of which Gaddafi was a leader, African independence, Middle East and Islamic reform and advancement. This page attempts to organize that material to make it more accessible and bring attention to other published writings that relate to these issues.
We are sadden by the brutal wreckage of Libya and Libyan lives by NATO bombs and the inhuman and cruel treatment of the person and remains of Colonel Gaddafi. This aggression and other acts of murder are a statement on the depths of depravity to which the so-called Libyan rebels and counter-revolutionaries have sunk inspired by the corporate representatives of France, Great Britain, the National Transitional Council, and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (“We came, we saw, he died.” Chuckle, chuckle, chuckle!).Rudolph Lewis, Editor
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Racism: A History, the 2007 BBC 3-part documentary explores the impact of racism on a global scale. It was part of the season of programs on the BBC marking the 200th anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the British Empire. It’s divided into 3 parts.
The first, The Colour of Money . . . Racism: A History 1/3
Begins the series by assessing the implications of the relationship between Europe, Africa and the Americas in the 15th century. It considers how racist ideas and practices developed in key religious and secular institutions, and how they showed up in writings by European philosophers Aristotle and Immanuel Kant.
The second, Fatal Impact . . . Racism: A History  – 2/3
Examines the idea of scientific racism, an ideology invented during the 19th century that drew on now discredited practices such as phrenology and provided an ideological justification for racism and slavery. The episode shows how these theories ultimately led to eugenics and Nazi racial policies of the master race.
And the 3rd, A Savage Legacy . . . Racism: A History  – 3/3
Examines the impact of racism in the 20th century. By 1900 European colonial expansion had reached deep into the heart of Africa. Under the rule of King Leopold II, the Belgian Congo was turned into a vast rubber plantation. Men, women and children who failed to gather their latex quotas would have their limbs dismembered. The country became the scene of one of the century’s greatest racial genocides, as an estimated 10 million Africans perished under colonial rule.
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Black is not thought beautifulRacial intolerance is pervasive in Lebanon and in much of the region26 May 2012The multilingual, fashion-conscious residents of Beirut, Lebanons capital, fancy their city to be cosmopolitan. But not everyone is welcome. Black people and foreigners from Asia and elsewhere in the third world who make up the bulk of migrant workers are often turned away from the citys smarter venues. Conscious of the bad blood this can cause, Lebanons government has warned beach clubs against barring entry on the basis of race, nationality or disability.
But racism is unlikely to be erased overnight, either in Lebanon or in many other Middle Eastern countries where blacks are routinely looked down on. Racist taunts are often heard on Egypts streets, and in Yemen, darker-skinned people, known as al-akhdam (the servants), who make up perhaps 5% of the population, are confined to menial jobs and tend to dwell in slums.
In Libya rebel militias often targeted darker-skinned people from nearby countries such as Chad and Mali and from countries further south, accusing them of being mercenaries of Muammar Qaddafi. Filipinos, Sri Lankans and Chinese-Americans, among others, whisper of racist slurs both at work and on Lebanons streets. economist / Discrimination against Blacks
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When elephants and jackals fight
bay tales in the desert of night, the grass is crushed
and blooded; the sand is hushed into a cullet
peace be with the dead bombed by old killers
peace be with the dead charged by the old chieftain
peace be with the dead counted by each old tribe
sons of my mothers, daughters of my fathers.
here comes the living again
green shoots and fresh up,
raised crescent of abraham, stay the cut once more
oh bleeding oasis of mayhem and martyrs and
maybe it is
inshallah, the amen of spring for us
sons of my mothers.daughters of my fathers.
here comes the living again . . .
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3 main reasons to kill Kadhafi (YouTube)
Africans Beware the Saviors of Libya (BlackList)
Africans Scared and in Hiding in Libya (YouTube)
African immigrants flee Libya (YouTube)
All About Oil or All About Banking? (Prison Planet)
Appeal to African Heads of State (Malcolm X)
Black Africans in Libya live in fear (YouTube)
Black Enslavement Arab and European (Chinweizu)
Breaking News September 25, 2011 Libya (YouTube)
Breaking News September 24, 2011 Libya (YouTube)
Can Libya Survive NATO? (Vijay Prashad)
China slams US-led airstrike on Libya (YouTube)
Cynthia McKinney Libyan guest [21 May-2011] (YouTube)
Cynthia McKinney Condemns U.S. Policy on Libyan TV (Atlanta Post)
Ed Koch One on One with Al Sharpton (MSNBC video)
Egypt unrest (BBC)
Eyewitness Libya: Houston TX Presentation ((YouTube)
Farrakhan in Harlem On Libya (YouTube)
Farrakhan on Ghaddafi & Libya1 (YouTube)
Farrakhan on Ghaddafi & Libya2 ((YouTube)
Farrakhan’s Conference on US, NATO attack on Libya (June 15, 2011)
Free enterprise and the economics of slavery (PDF Review)
Gaddafi: A System of His Own (Babalola)
Hip Hop Resistance in Gaza (Flaherty)
Holy Terror in Palestine (Linton Wells)
Intervening in Libya (Counterpunch, Vijay Prashad)
Islam Needs a Martin Luther (Marvin X)
Israeli State Terror (Lewis)
John Lewis snubbed by ‘Occupy Atlanta’ (The Grio)
The Killing of the Imam (Film Criticism)
Libya, Africa, and the Victorians (Manheru, VoltaireNet))
Libya and the Brutality of Nations (Emmanuel Franklyne Ogbunwezeh)
Libya Geopolitics (Lil Joe)
Libya Getting it Right: Pan-African (Gerald A. Perreira)
The Libyan Labyrinth (Conterpunch, Vijay Prashad)
Libyan rebel loots Tripoli (YouTube)
Libya: The Return of Colonialist Bondage (Babalola)
Libya War Lies Worse Than Iraq (Mountain)
The Lion of the Desert: Omar Mukhtar (YouTube)
London Bridges Falling Down (Marvin X)
The Man Made RiverLibya (Galenfrysinger)
Mass Murder of Blacks in Libya (YouTube)
Molefi Asante on Libya & Cote D’Ivoire (YouTube)
The New Invasion of Africa (Baraka poem)
Nidaa Khoury, Palestinian Poet (book review)
The Niggerization of Palestine (Jonathan Scott)
Noam ChomskyThe Conscience of America (YouTube)
Obama and the Israeli Lobby (Uri Avnery)
Obama Bombs Africa: Targets African Unity (Sekou Nkrumah and Akili Mosi Secka)
Oedipus and Ordinariness (Lewis)
Olmert Smote the Philistines (Maxwell)
Omar al-Mukhtar: a true freedom fighter (YouTube)
Open Letter to Dr Hussein Shahristani (Marvin X)
The people have won! (BayView)
Poems about Palestine (Laila Yaghi)
Ralph NaderObama is Commiting war crimes (YouTube)
Rehabilitating U.S. Military Intervention in the Age of Obama (Black Agenda Report)
Slow Death in Gaza (Kimberley)
Swimming against the Tide of NATO’s Media Propaganda (Joost van den Heuvel)
Tuareg minority flees Libya (ObserversFrance)
Tuareg minority flees Libya (YouTube)
Understanding London: A Review (Marvin X of
My Son The Fanatic
The Wealth of the West Was Built on Africa’s Exploitation (Richard Drayton)
White Cloud Storms Africa (McCarthy)
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John Henrike ClarkCheika Anta Diop (YouTube)
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Romney upsets Palestinians on Israel trip30 July 2012Having publicly pledged to protect Israel, US presidential candidate Mitt Romney has stirred controversy by telling Jewish donors their culture is part of what has allowed them to be more economically successful than the Palestinians. Romney, seated next to billionaire casino owner Sheldon Adelson at a fundraising breakfast, said he had read books and relied on his own business experience to understand why the difference between Israel and the Palestinian territories is so great.
“And as I come here and I look out over this city and consider the accomplishments of the people of this nation, I recognise the power of at least culture and a few other things,” Romney said, citing an innovative business climate, the Jewish history of thriving in difficult circumstances and the “hand of providence”.
The reaction of Palestinian leaders was quick and strong.
“What is this man doing here? Yesterday, he destroyed negotiations by saying Jerusalem is the capital of Israel, and today he is saying Israeli culture is more advanced than Palestinian culture. Isn’t this racism? Israelis and Palestinians have a conflict, but they are people, they are equal, it is not a better culture or advanced culture,” said Saeb Erekat, a top Palestinian official. “It’s Israeli occupiers and Palestinians under occupation, and that’s why Palestinians cannot realise their potential.”
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Gaddafi Loyalists Seize Bani WalidRami al-Shaheibi and Maggie Michael24 January 2012Benghazi, LibyaMoammar Gadhafi loyalists seized control of a Libyan mountain city in the most serious challenge to the central government since the strongman’s fall, underlining the increasing weakness of Libya’s Western-backed rulers as they try to unify the country under their authority. The taking of Bani Walid, one of the last Gadhafi strongholds captured by the new leadership late last year, was the first such organized operation by armed remnants of Gadhafi’s regime. A simultaneous outbreak of shootings in the capital and Libya’s second largest city Benghazi raised authorities’ concerned that other networks of loyalists were active elsewhere. The security woes add to the difficulties of the ruling National Transitional Council, which is struggling to establish its authority and show Libyans progress in stability and good government. Bani Walid’s fall comes after violent protests in Benghazi, where Libyans angry over lack of reform stormed the NTC headquarters and trashed offices.Huffingtonpost
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Good Riddance to the African-Hater on the International Criminal CourtGlen FordHe has committed the ICCs resources almost exclusively to concocting indictments against Africans.Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Court, leaves the ICC at the end of this month. The entire Black world ought to say Good riddance. Moreno-Ocampo is from Argentina, and took office as the Courts first prosecutor in 2003. He has committed the ICCs resources almost exclusively to concocting indictments against Africans, while kissing Uncle Sams butt at every possible opportunity. Indeed, even as his term expires, Moreno-Ocampo continues to try to pin an ICC Marshals badge on the United States, even though the U.S. isnt a signatory to the treaty that created the Court.
In his last days in office, he remains determined to use the superpower to arrest Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir. This, of course, would require that the U.S. commit acts of war against Sudan, in clear opposition to the will of the African Union. But, that appears to be Moreno-Ocampos purpose: to use the American superpower as a stick to threaten Africa.blackagendareport
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NATOS craven cover-up of its Libyan bombingVijay Prashad21 March 2012For the past several months, the Russians have asked for a proper investigation through the UN Security Council of the NATO bombardment of Libya. There is great reluctance to undertake it, the Indian Ambassador to the UN told me. When the NATO states in the Security Council wanted to clamor for war in February-March 2011, they held discussions about Libya in an open session. After Resolution 1973 and since the war ended, the NATO states have only allowed discussion about Libya in a closed session. When Navi Pillay came to talk about the UN Report, her remarks were not for the public. Indeed, when it became clear to NATO that the UN Commission wished to investigate NATOs role in the Libyan war, Brussels balked. On February 15, 2012, NATOs Legal Adviser Peter Olson wrote a strong letter to the Chair of the Commission. NATO accepted that the Qaddafi regime committed serious violations of international law, which led to the Security Council Resolution 1973. What was not acceptable was any mention of NATOs violations during the conflict, We would be concerned, however, if NATO incidents were included in the Commissions report as on a par with those which the Commission may ultimately conclude did violate law or constitute crimes. We note in this regard that the Commissions mandate is to discuss the facts and circumstance of .violations [of law] and crimes perpetrated. We would accordingly request that, in the event the Commission elects to include a discussion of NATO actions in Libya, its report clearly state that NATO did not deliberately target civilians and did not commit war crimes in Libya. To its credit, the Commission did discuss the NATO incidents. However, there were some factual problems. The Commission claimed that NATO flew 17,939 armed sorties in Libya. NATO says that it flew 24,200 sorties, including over 9,000 strike sorties. What the gap between the two numbers might tell us is not explored in the report or in the press discussion subsequently. The Commission points out that NATO did strike several civilian areas (such as Majer, Bani Walid, Sirte, Surman, Souq al-Juma) as well as areas that NATO claims were command and control nodes. The Commission found no evidence of such activity in these nodes. NATO contested both the civilian deaths and the Commissions doubts about these nodes. Because NATO would not fully cooperate with the Commission, the investigation was unable to determine, for lack of sufficient information, whether these strikes were based on incorrect or outdated intelligence and, therefore, whether they were consistent with NATOs objective to take all necessary precautions to avoid civilian casualties entirely. Three days after the report was released in the Human Rights Council, NATOs chief Anders Fogh Rasmussen denied its anodyne conclusions regarding NATO. And then, for added effect, Rasmussen said that he was pleased with the reports finding that NATO had conducted a highly precise campaign with a demonstrable determination to avoid civilian casualties. There is no such clear finding. The report is far more circumspect, worrying about the lack of information to make any clear statement about NATOs bombing runs. NATO had conducted its own inquiry, but did not turn over its report or raw data to the UN Commission.pambazuka
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Chinese President to Inaugurate New African Union HeadquartersPeter HeinleinJanuary 2012Addis AbabaChinese President Hu Jintao is expected to visit Addis Ababa this month to inaugurate a new African Union headquarters financed by China and built largely with Chinese labor. The project was launched when Moammar Gadhafi was maneuvering to move Africa’s diplomatic capital to Libya.
Official African Union and Ethiopian sources confirm that President Hu will be in Addis Ababa January 28 to open what is being called China’s gift to Africa. The inauguration ceremony will be held the day before African heads of state hold their January meeting at AU headquarters for the first time. . . .
Construction of new facility began in June 2009, when Addis Ababa’s position as Africa’s diplomatic capital was in doubt. The city has been home to the continental body since its founding, largely due to the influence of the late Emperor Haile Selassie, who was one of the driving forces behind creation of the Organization of African Unity in 1963.
But in 2009, the late Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi was the AU chairman, and he made no secret of his desire to build a grand new headquarters in his hometown of Sirte. That plan was thwarted, however, when China agreed to pay for a $200 million facility in Addis Ababa. It was built by the China State Construction Engineering Corporation, largely with Chinese labor. Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi toured the new facility last week and hailed the close cooperation with China. He revealed that he had lobbied Chinese officials to build the new headquarters, donated land adjacent to the old AU campus, and exempted taxes on all imported construction materials. His remarks were reported by Chinese and Ethiopian state media, which were invited to cover the event.VoaNews
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US Pakistan collaborating again on drone strikesTom Hussain16 January 2012ISLAMABAD Two apparent U.S. drone attacks last week on militant targets in Pakistani tribal areas bordering Afghanistan very likely signal the resumption of joint counterintelligence operations by the CIA and Pakistan’s military spy agency, security analysts here said Monday. The reported strikes would be the first in Pakistan since U.S.-led NATO forces killed 25 Pakistani soldiers in a “friendly fire” incident on the border in November, which drove relations between Washington and Islamabad to a new low. News reports over the weekend quoted anonymous Pakistani military officials as saying that radio chatter among militants suggested that the chief of the Pakistani Taliban, Hakimullah Mehsud, was among four insurgents who were killed Thursday in the second of the drone strikes in the North Waziristan tribal area. A spokesman for the Pakistani Taliban denied Mahsud’s death, however, saying he wasn’t in the area at the time. Members of rival militant factions told McClatchy that they’d received no news of his death.MiamiHerald
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Libya: TNC releases anti-democratic draft electoral lawsWill Morrow13 January 2012 The draft legislation features provisions preventing people nominating themselves as candidates for the Congress. Libyan workers are blocked from participation by the requirement that candidates must have a professional qualification. Virtually everyone who worked at any level of Moammar Gaddafis former government is barred, unless they can demonstrate early and clear support for the February 17th revolution. Those with an academic degree in Gaddafis Third Universal Theory or Green Bookpreviously required by many people to advance their careersare ineligible.
Other statutes reportedly disqualify people who allegedly benefited monetarily from the regime or received diplomas or university degrees without merit. Massaoud El Kanuni, a Libyan lawyer specialising in constitutional law, told the Wall Street Journal: That criteria could be used against three-quarters of the country. How are we going to follow a path of national reconciliation if so many people are excluded from [the countrys] future?
The electoral laws underscore the fraudulent character of the efforts to provide a democratic veneer to the NATO intervention. From the beginning, the US and European powers aimed to oust the Gaddafi regime and install a pliant administration to secure control of the countrys lucrative oil reserves and bolster their geostrategic position in North Africa.wsws
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Marine desecration of Taliban corpsesCraig Whitlock12 January 2012The Pentagon moved swiftly Thursday to try to prevent diplomatic damage and contain public disgust from the release of a video that appeared to show U.S. Marines urinating on three Afghan corpsesimages that spread quickly around the globe. Defense Secretary Leon E. Panetta said he had viewed the video and considered it utterly deplorable. He telephoned Afghan President Hamid Karzai and pledge a full investigation. Prior to the call, Karzai described the video as completely inhumane and condemnable in the strongest possible terms. His administration called on the U.S. military to apply the most severe punishment to anyone found guilty in this crime.
The video, which runs for less than a minute, depicts four Marines in combat gear laughing and joking as they urinate on three male bodies. The caption refers to the corpses as dead Talibans, but it is unclear whether the men were civilians or fighters killed after a battle.
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton expressed total dismay at the behavior depicted in the recording, and said the vast, vast majority of U.S. military personnel would not engage in such actions. Pentagon officials said that they were still trying to confirm the videos authenticity but that they had no reason to believe it was a fake. It certainly appears to us to be what it appears to be to you guys, Capt. John Kirby, a defense spokesman, told reporters.WashingtonPost
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NATO Committed War Crimes Against Libyan CiviliansNATOs refusal to investigate civilian deaths in its seven-month bombing campaign against Libya is in violation of Article 15 of the Geneva Convention on the Wounded and Sick, Francis Boyle, the world-renowned University of Illinois professor of international law. The Article states that combatants are obligated to go out and search for the wounded and sick, also the dead, said Boyle, but it doesnt look like NATO really cares. In fact, NATO policy was not to investigate civilian deaths in Libyaa practice that guaranteed the official death toll would be zero. To violate the Geneva Conventions is a war crime, there is no doubt about it, said Boyle. BlackAgendaReport
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Leaked UN Report: Torture and Lynchings in Post-Gadhafi LibyaEstimated 7,000 ‘Disappeared’ by New RegimeJason Ditz, 23 November 2011NATO officials are continuing to trumpet the regime change in Libya as a great military success for the alliance. But while we wait for the current regime to collapse under an interior faction fight between the Islamists and the new NTC cabinet a leaked UN report is shedding new light on the grim side of the revolution. The report from the Secretary-General of the United Nations, reports systematic torture of prisoners and extra-judicial detentions, as well as a number of lynchings by forces linked to the NTC.
The document, which has not been officially released to the public yet, notes that the NTC released virtually all of the political prisoners being held by Moammar Gadhafis regime. But they followed this up by naming 7,000 new people enemies of the state and holding them as political prisoners instead. Reports of the NTCs abuse is nothing new, of course, and we already had reports of NTC forces dumping bodies en masse at pro-Gadhafi cemeteries as well as destroying entire towns in revenge campaigns against those seen to be on the opposite side of the civil war. Those reports however had mostly been ignored by the international community, and the UN reports leaking is going to make it impossible for NATO to simply pretend the new Libya is really a dramatic change from the old Libya.Antiwar
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Travellers rob 200k that spook gave Libyan freedom fighter living in Ireland11 Nov 2011The Sunday World can reveal that gardai are investigating the robbery of two envelopes containing 200,000 in 500 notes from the home of Mahdi al-Harati in Firhouse, south Dublin, and that the money trail is leading to the Rathkealers. Al-Harati was in Libya following the successful campaign that toppled Gaddafi when the rebel’s house was broken into on October 6. . . . Astonished officers made contact with Mahdi al-Harati who told them that he had travelled to France, the United States and Qatar the previous month and that representatives of an American intelligence agency had given him a significant amount of money to help in the efforts to defeat Gaddafi. He said he left two envelopes with his wife in case he was killed and took the rest of the cash with him when he went back to Libya. The couple had no comment to make when the Sunday World called to their home last week.
Al-Harati led the main rebel advance that captured Tripoli on August 21, a move regarded as being the beginning of the end for Gaddafi. He was appointed deputy leader of Tripoli’s military council, a group which had the aim of merging all rebel units into one coherent national army.SundayWorld
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Backlash: Israel Orders New Building in East JerusalemTenders for fresh “housing units” made public as Netanyahu government decides to freeze tax revenues to Palestinians. Israel’s prime minister has ordered the building of 2,000 new housing units for Israelis, mainly in East Jerusalem, an area Palestinians claim as the capital of their future state. Binyamin Netanyahu said in a statement on Tuesday that the new construction includes settlements that he believes would be part of Israel in a future peace accord. Israeli settlements built on occupied Palestinian land are considered illegal under international law.CommonDreams
Murder as Instrument of Foreign PolicyLiaquat Ali Khan3 November 2011President Obama has openly deployed murder as an instrument of foreign policy. Soon after assuming office, Obama authorized the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to plan and execute the murder of terrorists and other enemies, regardless of whether they are U.S. citizens. Osama bin Laden, Anwar al-Awlaki, and Muammar Gaddafi are the prominent murder victims while numerous others in Afghanistan, Yemen, Somalia, Iran, and Pakistan have been purposely targeted and killed. The legitimization of extra-judicial killing is a disturbing development in international law as other nations are certain to follow suit. In pursuit of pre-meditated murders, the collateral damage (the killing of the obviously innocent) has been extensive. The claim that such murders can be executed with electronic precision, though false, serves as an incentive for other nations to develop drones to perpetrate their own surgical assassinations. For now, however, the CIA enjoys the monopoly over drone kills.InformationClearinghouse
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All societies today look upon women as little more than commodities. The East regards her as a commodity to be bought and sold, while the West does not recognize her femininity. . . . There is no difference in human rights between man and woman, the child and the adult, but there is no absolute identity between them as regards their duties. Muammar Gaddafi, The Green Book
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We want an African military to defend Africa, we want a single African currency, we want one African passport to travel within Africa,” after being declared king of kings by African traditional rulers in Libya. Col Gaddafi on Africa, 2008
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Libya has assassinated Gaddafi. This is another outrage. I was talking with Raul Castro [Cuban leader]. He was telling me Gadhafi is going to get killed for sure. Regrettably, Gadhafi’s death has been confirmed. He was murdered. Well, this is another attempt against life. What else can I say? … I will remember him all of my life as a great fighter, a revolutionary and a martyr.Hugo Chavez, WeeklyBlitz
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I am taken aback by Farrakhan’s command of the facts, and the way he cogently ties in different historical truths from Waco to Gaza, from the militia movement to the CIA covert ops. I don’t know of another speaker who talks this directly about our political situation.YouTube Subscriber
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The manipulative pro-war argument in LibyaGlenn Greenwald22 March 2011Dropping lots of American bombs on a country tends to kill a lot of innocent people. For that reason, indifference to suffering is often what war proponentsnot war opponentsare guilty of. But whatever else is true, the notion that opposing a war is evidence of indifference to tyranny and suffering is equally simple-minded, propagandistic, manipulative and intellectually bankrupt in both the Iraq and Libya contexts. And, in particular, those who opposed or still oppose intervention in Bahrain, Yemen, Egypt, Iraq, the Sudan, against Israel, in the Ivory Coastand/or any other similar places where there is widespread human-caused sufferinghave no business advancing that argument.
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Ayn Rand would have approved of Israels latest initiative in Gaza. To punish the unruly Palestinians, Israel with the approval of the West, imposed a blockade which quickly shut down municipal services, food supplies, and emergency rooms. As someone (not Margaret Thatcher) once said The prospect of being hanged concentrates the mind wonderfully but what if the mind belongs to babies on a respirator who will die when the last generator runs out of fuel?
If Mugabe or Milosevich had done what the Israelis have done (and not for the first time) there would have been outraged howls from the State Department and other chancelleries of the civilised world, condemning barbaric, primitive inhuman behaviour. What happens to Palestinians or Haitians is not the concern of the cognitive elite of the world. Haitians and Palestinians live in law-free zones where human rights should not interfere with effective governance.John Maxwell
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NATOs Genocidal Roleby Fidel CastroBetween February 21st and April 27th of this year, I published nine Reflections on the subject on the CubaDebate website; in them I amply dealt with NATOs role in Libya and what, in my opinion, was going to happen. Therefore I find myself obliged to synthesize the essential ideas that I put forth, and the events that have been happening as foreseen, just that now the central figure in that story, Muammar Al-Gaddafi, was seriously wounded by the most modern NATO fighter-bombers which intercepted and incapacitated his vehicle, he was captured while still alive and murdered by men that organization had armed. His body has been kidnapped and exhibited as a trophy of war, conduct that violates the most basic principles of the norms of Muslim and other religious beliefs in the world. It is being announced that very soon Libya shall be declared a democratic state and defender of human rights.Escambray
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Libya: Gaddafi Buried in Secret in Desert Location25 October 2011Tripoli, Oct 25 (Prensa Latina)Members of the National Transitional Council (NTC) buried in secret on Tuesday in a desert location leader Muammar Gaddafi, some hours after removing his corpse from a cold storage container in Misratah.Plenglish
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Even if Gaddafi had lived for another 100 years, he could not have killed even a fraction of the number obliterated by NATO during its intervention in Libya, claims Syria’s deputy Foreign Minister, Faisal al-Mikdad, in an exclusive interview with RT. The top Syrian diplomat recalled that NATO’s aggression against Libya was carried out under the guise of restoring human rights and protecting civilians.
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Libya, Africa, and the Victorians (Manheru)
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conducted by Scott Harris, Oct. 24, 2011 (25:17)
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Bodies of 53 Executed Gaddafi Loyalists Discovered25 October 2011The dead had been dumped on the “Sea-View Gardens” of an abandoned hotel. Many of the killings had been carried out with shots to the head; some were already injured when the executions took place; some had their hands tied behind their backs. Amid bullet and bomb casings, pools of water from burst pipes provided grim testimony to the revenge meted out on the last of the regime loyalists.
People gather near the site of an explosion in Sirte yesterday. Residents fear criticism of what has taken place will lead to accusations of being regime collaborators. One resident asked, “What would people in Europe and America say if Gaddafi was doing this?”(Reuters) While international focus has been on the killings of Muammar Gaddafi and his son Muatassim and the display of their corpses, little is known about the fate of those who were with the Libyan dictator in his last refuge, his home town of Sirte. The discovery of the 53 corpses at the Mahari hotel, and another ten dumped in a nearby reservoir reveal a glimpse of the bloodletting.Commondreams
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The Rule of Law and the Extrajudicial Killing of Muammar GaddafiCurtis DoebblerThe willful killing or summary execution of a prisoner of war who is no longer participating in an armed conflict is a grave breach of the Third Geneva Convention on Prisoners of War of 1949, to which both France and the US are parties. It makes no difference how much one dislikes the particular prisoner of war. The resulting obligation for all parties to this treaty is that they investigate, arrest, and punish the perpetrators of such crimes.
Of course, the Third Geneva Convention applies mainly during international armed conflicts. The armed conflict in Libya, however, had undoubtedly become international once NATO intervened. It makes no difference in this classification that the intervention was based on a UN Security Council resolution. Indeed, international humanitarian law applies to any international armed conflict, even an illegal one. If one of the domestic parties to a non-international armed conflict becomes an ally of a foreign power and commences fighting against its own people as NATO-led rebels, these rebels could be under enough control from foreign powers so as to make the foreign powers responsible for their acts.
There is evidence that this was the case when Gaddafi was killed. More would have to be known, but the mere fact that Gaddafi’s convoy was first attacked by foreign air power and then by ground forces that, according to some reports, included foreign troops is quite telling evidence. Moreover, if as it looks, Gaddafi was fleeing Sirte, it would appear that he was attacked not as a threat to any civilians in Libya, the remit of the use of force provided by the UN Security Council resolution, but either as part of an indiscriminate attack or one aimed at killing people fleeing from an armed conflict. In either case, it would be a use of force against the political independence and territorial integrity of Libya, especially given the fact that the NATO-led rebels had expressly stated they do not form a new government of Libya. Such an attack, as had been going on for months, constitutes the crime of aggression. Such an attack, outside the remit of the mandate of the UN Security Council, which itself is bound by international law, also constitutes a serious violation of one of the most fundamental principles of international law prohibiting the use of force.Jurist
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The Lefts Confused Reactions to Qaddafis DeathJoseph Klein26 October 2011The Lefts Obama cheerleaders also conveniently forget that Qaddafi would have posed a far graver danger to his own people and to American security interests had he not been forced to abandon his pursuit of weapons of mass destruction, including his nuclear arms program. Qaddafi did so directly as a result of President George W. Bushs successful military intervention in Iraq that brought down Saddam Hussein.
Although Obama did not seek congressional approval for American military intervention in Libya which President George W. Bush did obtain prior to initiating military action in Afghanistan and Iraq the Lefts congressional anti-war Bush critics heaped praise on Obama. For example, Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman John Kerry (D-MA), who famously was for the Iraq war before he was against it, gushed about the Obama administrations clear-eyed leadership, patience, and foresight by pushing the international community into action after Qaddafi promised a massacre. Once again, Kerry seems to have gotten things backwards. It was the Arab League, United Kingdoms Prime Minister David Cameron and Frances Nicolas Sarkozy who pushed hard for military intervention and led the effort to obtain the UN Security Councils blessing under the pretext of protecting Libyan civilians. Obama reluctantly joined the bandwagon already in motion, leading from behind, as one of his senior advisors put it.FrontPageMag
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Who Will Intervene Now?Lynching Black Africans in LibyaThomas C. Mountain25 October 2011Bodies of black men hanging from highways. Bound and tortured bodies of Africans dumped along the roadsides. Am I talking about Libya or Louisiana? And all under the approving eye of the first Black President of the USA. The lynching of Africans in Libya has been so bad that African leaders across the continent have been forced to raise their voices in protest. When the President of Nigeria, the USAs unofficial enforcer in West Africa leads an African wide outcry against the lynching of his citizens in Libya one would assume that it was heard in the Obama White House. With the murder or expulsion of most of Libyas African migrant population well on its way came the massacre and ethnic cleansing of tens of thousands of Black Libyans.
And all the while Barack Obama and his band of criminal cohorts in the western capitals and television news channels strung together words like pro-democracy, freedom fighters and liberation to describe the orgy of looting and lynching being carried out. When Black Libyans took up arms to defend their families and homes from the Libyan lynch mobs they found themselves the beneficiaries of pro-democracy high explosives, delivered from on high by a freedom loving NATO air force.Counterpunch
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Zimbabwe foreign minister urges reform of U.N. Security CouncilColumbus S. Mavhunga26 October 2011Harare, Zimbabwe (CNN)Zimbabwe’s foreign minister is calling for reform of the United Nations Security Council following the “extrajudicial” killing of Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi. NATO’s role in Libya highlights the need for more democracy and accountability, Simbarashe Mumbengegwi said late Tuesday at a celebration to mark the anniversary of the United Nations.
Gadhafi’s “brutal extrajudicial killing” shows the Security Council is not accountable to member states of the U.N. General Assembly , he said. The former leader was fatally shot last week after he was captured in his hometown of Sirte following months of protests calling for his ouster. “The past nine months (in Libya) have demonstrated how a few countries … can easily treat the Security Council and its resolutions with utter contempt and render that important organ of the United Nations most impotent,” he said.
“Although other important members of the Security Council protested at the abuse of UNSC Resolution 1973, they could do nothing to stop the abuse since any effort to do so would have been vetoed by those in NATO who wield the veto power.” The resolution calls for NATO to “take all necessary measures”without using an occupation forceto protect civilians and population centers under the threat of attack in Libya.CNN
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By Maximillien De Lafayette
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Gaddafi on Parliaments and Political Parties
Parliaments are the backbone of that conventional democracy prevailing in the world today. Parliament is a misrepresentation of the people, and parliamentary systems are a false solution to the problem of democracy. A parliament is originally founded to represent the people, but this in itself is undemocratic as democracy means the authority of the people and not an authority acting on their behalf. The mere existence of a parliament means the absence of the people. True democracy exists only through the direct participation of the people, and not through the activity of their representatives. Parliaments have been a legal barrier between the people and the exercise of authority, excluding the masses from meaningful politics and monopolizing sovereignty in their place. People are left with only a facade of democracy, manifested in long queues to cast their election ballots. . . .
The party is a contemporary form of dictatorship. It is the modern instrument of dictatorial government. The party is the rule of a part over the whole. As a party is not an individual, it creates a superficial democracy by establishing assemblies, committees, and propaganda through its members. The party is not a democratic instrument because it is composed only of those people who have common interests, a common perception or a shared culture; or those who belong to the same region or share the same belief. They form a party to achieve their ends, impose their will, or extend the dominion of their beliefs, values, and interests to the society as a whole. A party’s aim is to achieve power under the pretext of carrying out its program. Democratically, none of these parties should govern a whole people who constitute a diversity of interests, ideas, temperaments, regions and beliefs. The party is a dictatorial instrument of government that enables those with common outlooks or interests to rule the people as a whole. Within the community, the party represents a minority.The Green Book
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Gaddafi Sodomized By NATO Supported RebelsVideo shows abuse frame by frame (GRAPHIC)An analysis appears to confirm that a rebel fighter sodomized Gaddafi with a knife.By Tracey SheltonOctober 25, 2011 “Global Post” — SIRTE, Libya An analysis of video obtained by GlobalPost from a rebel fighter who recorded the moment when Col. Muammar Gaddafi was first captured confirms that another rebel fighter, whose identity is unknown, sodomized the former leader as he was being dragged from the drainpipe where he had taken cover.A frame by frame analysis of this exclusive GlobalPost video clearly shows the rebel trying to insert some kind of stick or knife into Gaddafi’s rear end.InformationClearinghouse
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Gaddafi martyred by Western mercenariesFayha Asalah from Iraq24 October 2011Once Obama expressed his joy over murder of Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi, it may not be wrong to conclude that, current atrocities and lawlessness in Libya, which include numerous forms of crime including abduction, rape, looting etc are also duly endorsed by Washington and Obama and his palls must be help equally responsible for all such murders and rapes in Libya as well as rest of the Arab and Muslim world.
After murdering Muammar al-Gaddafi, now American President Obama and his gang of culprits in Libya are trying to get rest of the members of Gaddafi family back in Libya and similarly murder them as Gaddafi. Some insider sources in NTC even hinted to media that, on return, Gaddafi’s daughter “may face wrath of the angry Libyans and she may have to pay-back the debts of crime committed by her family, by being gang-raped before she would be brutally killed.”
Algeria has categorically refused extraditing any of the members of Gaddafi family as Libya’s National Transition Council [NTC] has repeatedly demanded their extradition for “facing trial”.
In response to NTC calls, Algerian government said, “We will not extradite Gaddafi’s relatives either to Libya or any other country. They were given refuge [in Algeria] on humanitarian grounds, and their status has not changed. The world has seen how Col. Gaddafi was slaughtered. We have respect for human life, and the ensuring security of Gaddafi’s family is a matter of honor for us.”WeeklyBlitz
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Poll: 27% of Blacks Lose Faith in Obama Over Libyan Attackby Dr. Boyce Watkins, Syracuse UniversityAccording to a recent survey conducted by YourBlackWorld.com, 27.3% of African American respondents claim that President Obamas most recent actions in Libya have reduced their faith in his leadership ability. Roughly 20.8% of respondents claim that the Libyan intervention has increased their faith in Obamas leadership. Equally interesting is that over half (51.8%) of all black respondents to the survey said that the Libyan intervention has no impact at all on their perception of President Obamas ability to lead. . . . Also, since more African Americans have lost faith in Obama as a result of the Libyan intervention (vs. the number that have increased their faith), it appears that the Libyan situation may result in a net loss of black support for the president.BoyceWatkins
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Analyzing Libya and Obamas Hatred for AfricaObi EgbunaThe decision for the First Lady and her two children to visit South Africa was hardly an innocent trip aimed at embracing our African roots . . . . The two highlights of this visit were the time they spent with the Freedom Fighter and former South African President Nelson Mandela, and the family of Hector Peterson, the first student to die in the Soweto Uprising in June of 1976. . . . Because of the respect Mandela had for Qadaffi, choosing to remain silent about the manner Obama and Sakorzy orchestrated a Julius Caesar like invasion of Libya, sends our people the message that he has lost the will to defend Africas territorial integrity.
When we take into consideration the South African government voted in favor of the no fly zone in their capacity of the UN Security Council, Mandelas voice and wisdom would have been timely. Since the bombing of Libya was still very much underway during this visit, one wonders if the First Lady and her children had been previously informed that they were in the company of a man who told the world no country in Africa did more in the fight against Apartheid than Libya.YourWorldNews
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US NATO bombings kill civilians in TripoliBy Bill Van Auken1 April 2011US-NATO air strikes on Tripoli and other Libyan cities have claimed growing numbers of civilian victims, according to the Vaticans top representative in the Libyan capital. The report represents a severe blow to the attempts by Washington and its NATO allies, backed by the overwhelming majority of the Western media, to dismiss the Libyan governments claims of civilian casualties as propaganda and portray the continuous air raids as a humanitarian defense of the population.
The so-called humanitarian air raids have taken the lives of dozens of civilians in various areas of Tripoli, Bishop Giovanni Innocenzo Martinelli, the Apostolic Vicar of Tripoli told Agenzia Fides, the Vatican news service.Of particular concern, in the district of Buslim, a building collapsed because of the bombing killing 40 people, he said Yesterday I reported that the bombing had affected some hospitals, albeit indirectly. I can now confirm that one of these hospitals is in Misda, a town about 110 miles south of Tripoli. The Euronews television channel reported that a bombing raid on an ammunition dump in Misda had caused damage to the hospital and nearby homes, wounding at least 13 civilians. WSWS
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Libya War Lies Worse Than IraqThomas C. Mountain23 July 2011Asmara, Eritrea: The lies used to justify the NATO war against Libya have surpassed those created to justify the invasion of Iraq. Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch both had honest observers on the ground for months following the rebellion in eastern Libya and both have repudiated every major charge used to justify the NATO war on Libya. According to the Amnesty observer, who is fluent in Arabic, there is not one confirmed instance of rape by the pro-Gadaffi fighters, not even a doctor who knew of one. All the Viagra mass rape stories were fabrications. Amnesty could not verify a single African mercenary fighting for Gaddafi story, and the highly charged international satellite television accounts of African mercenaries raping women that were used to panic much of the eastern Libyan population into fleeing their homes were fabrications. There were no confirmed accounts of helicopter gun ships attacking civilians and no jet fighters bombing people which completely invalidates any justification for the No-Fly Zone in Security Council resolution used as an excuse for NATO to launch its attacks on Libya. After three months on the ground in rebel controlled territory, the Amnesty investigator could only confirm 110 deaths in Benghazi which included Gadaffi supporters. Only 110 dead in Benghazi? Wait a minute, we were told thousands had died there, ten thousand even. No, only 110 lost their lives including pro-government people.No rapes, no African mercenaries, no helicopter gun ships or bombers, and only 110 ten deaths prior to the launch of the NATO bombing campaign, every reason was based on a lie.Today according to the Libyan Red Crescent Society, over 1,100 civilians have been killed by NATO bombs including over 400 women and children. Over 6,000 Libyan civilians have been injured or wounded by the bombing, many very seriously.InformationClearinghouse
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Something that has been covered by previous meetings would be resurrected by Gaddafi. He would overrule a decision taken by all other African Heads of State. Some of us were forced to come out and oppose his wrong position and, working with others, we repeatedly defeated his illogical position.
The third mistake has been the tendency by Col. Gaddafi to interfere in the internal affairs of many African countries using the little money Libya has compared to those countries. One blatant example was his involvement with cultural leaders of Black Africakings, chiefs, etc. Since the political leaders of Africa had refused to back his project of an African Government, Gaddafi, incredibly, thought that he could by-pass them and work with these kings to implement his wishes.
I warned Gaddafi in Addis Ababa that action would be taken against any Ugandan king that involved himself in politics because it was against our Constitution. I moved a motion in Addis Ababa to expunge from the records of the AU all references to kings (cultural leaders) who had made speeches in our forum because they had been invited there illegally by Col. Gaddafi.
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By Peter Heinlein
13 June 2011
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has called for African nations to sever ties with Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi and demand his removal. Speaking from a lectern where Gadhafi has often addressed African assemblies, the secretary of state acknowledged the Libyan leaders influence in the 53-member body. But she urged African leaders to stand up for the organizations democratic ideals and take the lead in demanding his ouster.”I know it is true over many years, Gadhafi played a major role in providing financial support for many African nations and institutions, including the African Union, but it has become clearer by the day he has lost his legitimacy to rule, and we are long past time when he can or should remain in power,” said Clinton. In the first-ever address by a U.S. secretary of state to the African Union, Clinton called for the continents leaders to isolate Gadhafi diplomatically.
I urge all African states to call for a genuine cease-fire and to call for Gadhafi to step aside,” she said. “I also urge you to suspend the operations of Gadhafis embassies in your countries, to expel pro-Gadhafi diplomats, and to increase contact and support for the [rebel] Transitional National Council.” Minister Farrakhan’s Conference on US, NATO attack on Libya (June 15, 2011)
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Col Gaddafi played a prominent role in the formation of the African Union (AU)a body in which he wielded enormous influence because he was one of its major financiers. . . . A spokesman for one of those traditional leadersUganda’s Tooro kingdomsays Col Gaddafi was a “visionary” and would be missed. “We saw the human side of himnot Gaddafi the colonel or the proverbial terrorist as the Americans and Europeans described him,” Philip Winyi said. “In spite of what many see as his weaknesses, he has done quite a lot for Africa, contributing to the building of infrastructure.” Col Gaddafi pushed for a United States of Africa to rival the US and the European Union (EU). “We want an African military to defend Africa. We want a single currency. We want one African passport,” he said. Africa’s other leaders paid lip-service to achieving this vision but none seemed very serious about putting it into practice.BBC
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China, Twitter and 20-Year-Olds vs. the Pyramidsby Thomas L. Friedman5 February 2011The Arab world has 100 million young people today between the ages of 15 and 29, many of them males who do not have the education to get a good job, buy an apartment and get married. That is trouble. Add in rising food prices, and the diffusion of Twitter, Facebook and texting, which finally gives them a voice to talk back to their leaders and directly to each other, and you have a very powerful change engine. I have not been to Jordan for a while, but my ears are ringing today with complaints about corruption, frustration with the king and queen, and disgust at the enormous gaps between rich and poor. King Abdullah, who sacked his cabinet last week and promised real reform and real political parties, has his work cut out for him. And given some of the blogs that my friends here have shared with me from the biggest local site, Ammonnews.net, the people are not going to settle for the same-old, same-old. They say so directly now, dropping the old pretense of signing antigovernment blog posts as Mohammed living in Sweden.NYTimes / Egypt unrest / The people have won!
Death for Libyansbillions for the WestBy Garikai ChenguPeople who think that the West’s intervention in Libya is just another oil grab are mistaken. Broadly speaking, for Britain military intervention is mainly about arms, Italy its natural gas, France its water and for the US its counter-terrorism and reconstruction contracts. Spreading democracy and saving the people of Benghazi form merely supposed tangential benefits used to justify these ends.
Lest we forget, NATO’s bombardment began because Mr Gaddafi “threatened to do to Benghazi” what NATO itself is poised to do in Sirte. . . .So what makes Libya so important to the West? Any real estate agent could tell you: location. Given that Libya sits atop the strategic intersection of the Mediterranean, African, and Arab worlds, control of the nation has always been a remarkably effective way to project power into these three regions and beyond. . . .
Even grimmer still is the fact that the approximately $1.1billion spent by the US government on bombarding Libya is a drop in the ocean compared to the profit that American contractors stand to make. Many of whom have strong ties to the upper echelons of the military and the Obama administration. . . . Nowadays, Mr Sarkozy’s interest in Libya lies in a commodity more precious than oil, namely water. . . . Today France’s global mega-water companies like Suez, Ondeo and Saur, control more than 45 per cent of the world’s water market and are rushing to privatize water, already a $400 billion global business. Mathab / Sarkozy and Cameron in Tripoli
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African women say rebels raped them in Libyan campDavid EndersSep. 08, 2011But the story that women tell is part of a larger picture of abuse of black Africans in Libya that is emerging in the wake of the rebel victory, born of allegations that Gadhafi often hired sub-Saharan Africans to fight for him.
Hundreds of black Africans have been swept up and are being held in makeshift prisons awaiting some sort of judicial finding of whether they were mercenaries or not. Thousands more are trapped in refugee camps. They can’t leave the camps, they say, for fear they’ll be targeted on the streets. They do not feel safe inside the camps, either.
Human rights advocates have decried what appears to be mistreatment of black African workers, and U.S. Ambassador Gene Cretz, speaking in Washington on Wednesday, admitted it’s a growing problem. “We’ve seen fairly credible reports that there has been some mistreatment of African migrants,” Cretz told McClatchy. He said the U.S. was trying to work with rebel leaders to prevent abuse, which he blamed on young rebels who are confusing Africans who might have fought as mercenaries for Gadhafi with the hundreds of thousands of sub-Saharan Africans who were working in Libya when the rebels took over.McClatchy
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Libya War to continue without UN MandateChristof Lehmann28 October 2011After the United Nations Security Counsel had lent apparent legitimacy for the war on Libya, a new resolution was passed yesterday, ending NATO´s U.N. Mandate. NATO proclaimed, that it will end operation Unified Protector on 31 October. As predicted in previous articles on nsnbc, the NATO installed Transitional National Counsel is asking NATO and a coalition of Friends of Libya to continue fighting the Libyan Resistance, led by Saif Islam Ghadafi, who continues to be the victim of intense disinformation. NATO will function as command and coordination structure. NATO Air Force has been tied to Libya for eight months. The possibility to withdraw significant air power from Libya after 31 October will significantly increase it´s capabilities for a long planned aggression against Syria. TNC leader Mustafa Abdul Jalil held the Libya Liberated Speech in Bengazi, not Tripoli. The fact that Jalil held this speech in Bengazi was not only based on his tribal preferences, but on the fact that Tripoli was shaken by heavy fighting.nsnbc
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Biggest success? NATO proud of Libya op which killed thousands 28 October, 2011Speaking in September, the health minister in the new Libyan government estimated that at least 30,000 people had been killed and 50,000 wounded during the first six months of the war. Some, however, have estimated that the real figure could be much higher. Writing back in September, Thomas C. Mountain, an independent journalist currently living in Africa who was a member of the 1st US Peace Delegation to Libya in 1987, estimated that NATO had dropped over 30,000 bombs on Libya, with an average of “two civilians killed in each attack. Thus, Mountain has estimated that some 60,000 Libyan civilians had been killed by NATO air strikes alone by the end of August.
Shortly thereafter, when rebel forces began the siege of Sirte, Moussa Ibrahim, a spokesman for the now-deceased Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, told Reuters via telephone on September 19 that “in the last 17 days, more than 2,000 residents of the city of Sirte were killed in NATO air strikes.” . . . Though it may never be known just how many died in the most successful operation in NATO history, the alliance has shown little interest in rebuilding a nation that has in many ways been wrecked by its seven-month military campaign. According to Palestinian human rights activist Shawan Jabarin, The military operation damaged everything in Libya, not just Gaddafi and his regime, but the society [as well]. Former MI5 agent Annie Machon went further, telling RT that NATOs intervention had plunged Libya back into the Stone Age.
Theyve had free education, free health, they could study abroad. When they got married they got a certain amount of money. So they were rather the envy of many other citizens of African countries. Now, of course, since NATOs humanitarian intervention, the infrastructure of their country has been bombed back to the Stone Age, Machon asserted. They will not have the same quality of life. Women probably will not have the same degree of emancipation under any new transitional government. The national wealth is probably going to be siphoned off by Western corporations. Perhaps the standard of living in Libya might have been slightly higher than it is now in America and the UK with the recession, she concluded.
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The New Invasion of Africa
By Amiri BarakaSo it wd be this way That they wd get a negro To bomb his own home To join with the actual colonial Powers, Britain, France, add Poison Hillary With Israeli and Saudi to make certain That revolution in Africa must have a stopper So call in the white people who long tasted our blood They would be the copper, overthrow Libya With some bullshit humanitarian scam With the negro yapping to make it seem right (far right) But that’s how Africa got enslaved by the white A negro selling his own folk, delivering us to slavery In the middle of the night. When will you learn poet And remember it so you know it Imperialism can look like anything Can be quiet and intelligent and even have A pretty wife. But in the end, it is insatiable And if it needs to, it will take your life.21 March 2011
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By Bill Van Auken
AP said that the grisly discovery raised the disturbing specter of mass killings of noncombatants, detainees and the wounded. Among the bodies of the executed the report added were several that had been shot in the head, with their hands tied behind their backs. A body in a doctors green hospital gown was found in the canal. The bodies were bloated.eporting from the same killing field, Reuters counted 30 bodies riddled with bullets. It noted that Five of the dead were at a field hospital nearby, with one in an ambulance strapped to a gurney with an intravenous drip still in his arm. Two of the bodies, it said, were charred beyond recognition.
Amnesty International has raised urgent concerns about the killing, torture and brutalization of people being rounded up by the rebels, particularly African migrant workers who have been singled out for retribution because of the color of their skin. In a report from a makeshift detention camp set up by the NATO-led forces in a Tripoli school, Amnesty stated:WSWS
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By Dinyar Godrej
16 Things Libya Will Never See Again
24 October 2011
1. There is no electricity bill in Libya; electricity is free for all its citizens.
2. There is no interest on loans, banks in Libya are state-owned and loans given to all its citizens at zero percent interest by law.
3. Having a home considered a human right in Libya.
4. All newlyweds in Libya receive $60,000 dinar (U.S.$50,000) by the government to buy their first apartment so to help start up the family.
5. Education and medical treatments are free in Libya. Before Gaddafi only 25 percent of Libyans were literate. Today, the figure is 83 percent.
6. Should Libyans want to take up farming career, they would receive farming land, a farming house, equipments, seeds and livestock to kickstart their farms are all for free.
7. If Libyans cannot find the education or medical facilities they need, the government funds them to go abroad, for it is not only paid for, but they get a U.S.$2,300/month for accommodation and car allowance.
8. If a Libyan buys a car, the government subsidizes 50 percent of the price.
9. The price of petrol in Libya is $0.14 per liter.
10. Libya has no external debt and its reserves amounting to $150 billion are now frozen globally.
11. If a Libyan is unable to get employment after graduation the state would pay the average salary of the profession, as if he or she is employed, until employment is found.
12. A portion of every Libyan oil sale is credited directly to the bank accounts of all Libyan citizens.
13. A mother who gives birth to a child receive U.S.$5,000.
14. 40 loaves of bread in Libya costs $0.15.
15. 25 percent of Libyans have a university degree.
16 Gaddafi carried out the worlds largest irrigation project, known as the Great Manmade River project, to make water readily available throughout the desert country.
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For 40 years, or was it longer, I . . . cant remember, I did all I could to give people houses, hospitals, schools, and when they were hungry, I gave them food, I even made Benghazi into farmland from the desert, I stood up to attacks from that cowboy Reagan, when he killed my adopted orphaned daughter, he was trying to kill me, instead he killed that poor innocent child, then I helped my brothers and sisters from Africa with money for the African Union, did all I could to help people understand the concept of real democracy, where peoples committees ran our country.
But that was never enough, as some told me, even people who had 10-room homes, new suits and furniture, were never satisfied, as selfish as they were they wanted more, and they told Americans and other visitors, they needed democracy and freedom, never realizing it was a cut throat system, where the biggest dog eats the rest, but they were enchanted with those words, never realizing that in America, there was no free medicine, no free hospitals, no free housing, no free education and no free food, except when people had to beg or go to long lines to get soup, no, no matter what I did, it was never enough for some.
But for others, they knew I was the son of Gamal Abdel Nasser, the only true Arab and Muslim leader weve had since Salah a Deen, when he claimed the Suez Canal for his people, as I claimed Libya, for my people, it was his footsteps I tried to follow, to keep my people free from colonial dominationfrom thieves who would steal from us.
Now, I am under attack by the biggest force in military history, my little African son, Obama wants to kill me, to take away the freedom of our country, to take away our free housing, our free medicine, our free education, our free food, and replace it with American style thievery, called capitalism. But all of us in the Third World know what that means, it means corporations run the countries, run the world, and the people suffer, so there is no alternative for me, I must make my stand, and if Allah wishes, I shall die by following his path, the path that has made our country rich with farmland, with food and health, and even allowed us to help our African and Arab brothers and sisters to work here with us, in the Libyan Jammohouriyah, I do not wish to die, but if it comes to that, to save this land, my people, all the thousands who are all my children, then so be it.
Let this testament be my voice to the world, that I stood up to crusader attacks of NATO, stood up to cruelty, stood up to betrayal, stood up the West and its colonialist ambitions, and that I stood with my African brothers, my true Arab and Muslim brothers, as a beacon of light, when others were building castles, I lived in a modest house, and in a tent, I never forgot my youth in Sirte, I did not spend our national treasury foolishly, and like Salahadeen, our great Muslim leader, who rescued Jerusalem for Islam, I took little for myself.
In the West, some have called me mad, crazy, but they know the truth but continue to lie, they know that our land is independent and free, not in the colonial grip, that my vision, my path, is, and has been clear and for my people and that I will fight to my last breath to keep us free, may Allah almighty help us to remain faithful and free.
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Last Will and Testament
By Muammar Gaddafi
This is my will. I, Muammar bin Mohammad bin Abdussalam bi Humayd bin Abu Manyar bin Humayd bin Nayil al Fuhsi Gaddafi, do swear that there is no other God but Allah and that Mohammad is God’s Prophet, peace be upon him. I pledge that I will die as Muslim. Should I be killed, I would like to be buried, according to Muslim rituals, in the clothes I was wearing at the time of my death and my body unwashed, in the cemetery of Sirte, next to my family and relatives.
I would like that my family, especially women and children, be treated well after my death. The Libyan people should protect its identity, achievements, history and the honorable image of its ancestors and heroes. The Libyan people should not relinquish the sacrifices of the free and best people. I call upon my supporters to continue the resistance, and fight any foreign aggressor against Libya, today, tomorrow and always. Let the free people of the world know that we could have bargained over and sold out our cause in return for a personal secure and stable life.
We received many offers to this effect but we chose to be at the vanguard of the confrontation as a badge of duty and honour. Even of we do not win immediately, we will give a lesson to future generations that choosing to protect the nation is an honour and selling it out is the greatest betrayal that history will remember forever despite the attempts of others to tell you otherwise.
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Western Mercenaries and Corporations Pouring Into LibyaGlen FordOf course, foreigners and their money were all over Tripoli before the Europeans and Americans decided that a Shock and Awe assault on Libya would put them in a better position to deal with the uncertainties of the Arab Spring. Foreign investment in Libya increased 25-fold between 2002 and 2010. Gaddafi, by all accounts, had come to an accommodation with foreign capital. European and Asian corporations were transforming the face of Tripoli. Corporate logos on countless construction sites testified to Gaddafis determination to normalize relations with the imperial powers and the world in general. In recent years, he released from prison hundreds of Islamic fighters, as part of that normalization. It would be his undoing.
So, before NATOs war, there was no question of western access to Libyaand certainly no threat of withholding oil. It is not access, but the terms of access, that makes the difference between war and peace with imperialism. For the Americans, the French and the British, the price of peace is ones national sovereignty. Ohand keeping out the Chinese, 30,000 of whom were forced to leave Libya when the bombs started falling. It is doubtful that they will be back in such numbers, until after the current regime is, itself, overthrown.
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Libyan Fighters Catch Qaddafis Last Fugitive Son19 November 2011Clifford Krauss and David KirkpatrickZintan, Libya Libyan militia fighters on Saturday captured Seif al-Islam el-Qaddafi, the last fugitive son and onetime heir apparent of Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi, setting off nationwide celebrations but also exposing a potential power struggle between former-rebel factions over his handling. Militia leaders based in Zintan, a western mountain town and stronghold of resistance to Colonel Qaddafis regime, said they captured Seif al-Islam early Saturday in the southwestern desert near Awbari, along with a small entourage. But while transitional government leaders in the capital, Tripoli, promised that Mr. Qaddafi would be closely guarded and turned over to the International Criminal Court to be tried on war crimes charges, leaders in Zintan insisted that they would not hand him over until a formal national government was formeda process that is in the works but at least a day or two away. Such insistence on factional power is at the heart of international concerns about Libyas future. And after Colonel Qaddafis capture and killing at the hands of militiamen a month ago, his sons case will be an important test of Libyas commitment to the rule of law. . . .
We are coordinating with the Justice Ministry to ensure that any solution is in accordance with the law, said the prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocampo. Leaders in Zintan promised that they would protect Mr. Qaddafi and that justice would take its course. We are arranging a very safe place for him, said Mussa Grife, a member of the Zintan revolutionary movements political committee. The people of Zintan want to leave a good impression for the world and treat Seif according to human rights and according to Islamic values.NYTimes
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The Real Reasons for the War in Libya
By Jean-Paul Pougala
The first African satellite RASCOM 1 It was Libyas Kadhafi who gave all of Africa its first real revolution in modern times: by ensuring universal coverage of the continent via telephone, television, radio-broadcast and the many other applications such as telemedicine and long-distance learning; for the first time in history, a low-cost connection became available across the continent, and even into rural areas thanks to a bridging WIMAX system. The story begins in 1992 when 45 African countries created the RASCOM organization to acquire an African satellite in order to bring down the cost of communications across the continent. At that time, calling from or to Africa had the most expensive call rates in the world, since there was a surcharge of 500 million dollars which Europeans collected annually on telephone conversations even within some African countries, just to transmit voice messages via European satellites like Intelsat.
An African satellite would barely cost 400 millions dollars payable once and thus avoiding the 500 million annual rental fees. Which banker wouldnt finance such a project? But the difficult part of the equation remained unsettled: how does a beggar gain their freedom from exploitation by their master by borrowing money from this same master to achieve this? And so, the World Bank, the IMF, USA, the European Union had needlessly been bilking these countries for over 14 years. It was in 2006 that Kadhafi put an end to the agony of senseless begging from those supposed benefactors in the West who only grant loans at predatory rates; the Libyan leaders put 300 million dollars on the table, the African Development Bank put 50 million, the West African Development Bank contributed 27 million and it is thus, Africa has owned its very own communications satellite since December 26th 2007; The very first communications satellite in its history.
In the meantime, China and Russia have jumped in, this time by donating their own technology which allowed the launching of more new satellites; South-Africa, Nigeria, Angola, Algerian and even a second African satellite was launched in July of 2010. And by 2020, we are expecting the very first satellite which would be 100% African and built on African soil, specifically in Algeria. This satellite is expected to be amongst the best in the world, but would cost ten times cheaper, a true achievement. This is how a simple gesture worth 300 millions dollars can change the lives on an entire continent. Kadhafis Libya had cost the West not only the 500 million dollars annually but billions of dollars from debt and interest which this debt would have generated ad infinitum and exponentially, and contributed towards sustaining the obscure system which continues to rob Africa blind.
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By M. Al Gathafi
Republished in a new translation, The Green Book provides fresh insight into the thinking of Muammar Al Qaddafi, and his Third Universal Theory for a new democratic society. Outlined first is his theory for direct democracy in society, or Jamahiriya, focusing on the authority of the people, renouncing representation or delegation of authority, and recognizing the need for organization of the people at lower levels of society. Part Two suggests an economic revolution, transforming societies of wage earners into companies of partners by applying a political and economic theory of social organization that gives the ownership, and regulation of production, distribution and exchange to the community as a whole. Part Three launches a social revolution, presenting solutions to man’s struggles in life, and the unsolved problems of man and woman, as well as tackling the situation of minorities by laying out sound principles of social life for all mankind.
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By Muammar Gaddafi and Edmond Jouve
This breezy but well-researched history takes a not-so-critical look at a man described by Nelson Mandela as “one of the greatest revolutionary legends of our times” and by President Ronald Reagan as “the mad dog of the Middle East.” The leader of Libya since 1969, Gaddafi’s life story is revealed through the interviews and research of Jouve, an expert in Third-World Africa who first met Gaddafi in 1979. Told from Gaddafi’s point of view, this book portrays him as a leader of conviction and consideration, committed to peaceably bettering the lives of his countrymen, historically threatened by the influence of the Zionists and the Western traditions they bring to the Middle East with them. Jouve details this anti-Zionism largely without critical commentwhich may bristle Western audiencesexcept for that provided by Gaddafi himself, who in 2004 gave up his nuclear weapons in order to reconcile with the West, a move Jouve says is “the result of deep thought and soul-searching.”
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By James Zogby
The Arab World is a region that has been vastly misunderstood in the West. Arab Voices asks the questions, collects the answers, and shares the results that will help us see Arabs clearly. The book will bring into stark relief the myths, assumptions, and biases that hold us back from understanding this important people. Here, James Zogby debuts a brand new, comprehensive poll, bringing numbers to life so that we can base policy and perception on the real world, rather than on a conjured reality. Based on a new poll run by Zogby International exclusively for this book, some of the surprising results revealed include:
* Despite the frustration with the peace process and the number of wars of the past few years, 74% of Arabs still support a two state solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. And over one-third of Lebanese, Saudis, and Jordanians think that their governments should do more to advance peace.
* Despite wars in and around their region and the worldwide economic crisis, when asked “Are you better off than you were 4 years ago?” 42% of those polled say they are better off, 19% worse off.
* Arabs like American people (59% favorable rating), values (52%) and products (69%), giving them all high ratings. And Canada gets high favorability ratings everywhere (an overall rating of 55% favorable and 32% unfavorable).
* However, Arabs overwhelmingly rate American society “more violent and war-like” (77%) or “less respectful of the rights of others” (78%) than their own society. Why? Because of the Iraq war and continuing fallout from Abu Ghraib, Guantanamo, and the treatment of Arab and Muslim immigrants and visitors to the United States.
* What type of TV show do Saudis and Egyptians prefer to watch? The answer is, “Movies,” which draws over 50% of the first and second choice votes. In Morocco, the top rated shows are “soap operas” and music and entertainment programs, drawing almost two-thirds of the first and second choice votes. Religious programs are near the bottom of the list of viewer preferences, garnering less than 10% of votes in all three countries.
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By Nicholas Draper
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Mandela Gives Gadhafi AwardWednesday, 29 October 1997ZUWARAH, Libya (AP)Returning to Libya for his second visit in a week, Nelson Mandela presented South Africa’s highest award for a foreigner to Moammar Gadhafi on Wednesday, praising the Libyan ruler as “my dear brother leader.”
The meeting, coming so quickly on the heels of the last one, prompted speculation that the South African president was trying to mediate an end to the 5-year-old U.N. sanctions against Libya. Mandela was accompanied by foreign reporters, so his visit gave Gadhafi a platform to heap scorn upon the United States.
As with his previous stop in Libya, and earlier visits to Cuba, the trip demonstrated Mandela’s willingness to risk U.S. wrath in maintaining close relationships with old friends.
Libya and Cuba were among the countries that provided early backing to Mandela’s African National Congress in its struggle against apartheid in South Africa. At a brief welcome ceremony with bagpipes, a guard raised a red Scottish tartan-plaid umbrella over Mandela’s head Wednesday to shield him from the sun. The two leaders linked hands as they walked toward a tent for a five-minute meeting. Libya used the gathering to lash out at Washington. . . . At Wednesday’s ceremony, a crowd of some 3,000 burst into rhythmic applause as Mandela draped a sash across Gadhafi’s chest and presented him with South Africa’s Order of Good Hope, that country’s highest honor for foreigners. . . . At one point, Mandela referred to Gadhafi as “my dear brother leader.” . . .The 79-year-old Mandela arrived by car from neighboring Tunisia so as not to violate the U.N. sanctions.Plane-Truth
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by Claudia Goldin and Lawrence F. Katz
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The Great Pax Whitie
By Nikki Giovanni
In the beginning was the word
And the word was
And the word was nigger
And the word was death to all niggers
And the word was death to all life
And the word was death to all
peace be still
The genesis was life
The genesis was death
In the genesis of death
Was the genesis of war
be still peace be still
In the name of peace
They waged the wars
aint they got no shame
In the name of peace
Lots wife is now a product of the Morton company
nah, they aint got no shame
Noah packing his wife and kiddies up for a holiday
row row row your boat
But whyd you leave the unicorns, noah
Huh? whyd you leave them
While our Black Madonna stood there
Eighteen feet high holding Him in her arms
Listening to the rumblings of peace
be still be still
CAN I GET A WITNESS? WITNESS? WITNESS?
He wanted to know
And peter only asked who is that dude?
Who is that Black dude?
Looks like a troublemaker to me
And the foundations of the mighty mighty
Ro Man Cat holic church were laid
nah, they aint got no shame
Cause they killed the Carthaginians
in the great appian way
And they killed the Moors
to civilize a nation
And they just killed the earth
And blew out the sun
In the name of a god
Whose genesis was white
And war wooed god
And america was born
Where war became peace
And genocide patriotism
And honor is a happy slave
cause all gods chillun need rhythm
And glory hallelujah why cant peace
The great emancipator was a bigot
aint they got no shame
And making the world safe for democracy
Were twenty millon slaves
nah, they aint got no shame
And they barbecued six million
To raise the price of beef
And crossed the 38th parallel
To control the price of rice
aint we never gonna see the light
And champagne was shipped out of the East
While kosher pork was introduced
Only the torch can show the way
In the beginning was the deed
And the deed was death
And the honkies are getting confused
peace be still
So the great white prince
Was shot like a nigger in texas
And our Black shining prince was murdered
like that thug in his cathedral
While our nigger in memphis
was shot like their prince in dallas
And my lord
aint we never gonna see the light
The rumblings of this peace must be stilled
be stilled be still
ahh Black people
aint we got no pride?
Nikki Giovanni, The Great Pax Whitie from Black Feeling, Black Talk/Black Judgment. Copyright © 1968, 1970 by Nikki Giovanni. Used with the permission of HarperCollins Publishers. Source: The Collected Poetry of Nikki Giovanni: 1968-1998
PEACE BE STILL/ Great Pax Whitey 9video)
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By Gerald A. Perreira
By Yao Lloyd D. McCarthy
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by Austin Bay
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was a Muslim visionary, revolutionary statesman, and founder of the Republic of Turkey. The West knows him best as the leading Ottoman officer in World War Is Battle of Gallipolia defeat for the Allies, and the Ottoman empires greatest victory. Gaining fame as an exemplary military officer, he went on to lead his people in the Turkish War of Independence, abolishing the Ottoman Sultanate, emancipating women, and adopting western dress. Deeply influenced by the Enlightenment, Atatürk sought to transform the empire into a modern and secular nation-state, and during his presidency, embarked upon a program of impressive political, economic, and cultural reforms. Militarily and politically he excelled at all levels of conflict, from the tactical, through the operational, to the strategic, and into the rarified realm of grand strategy.
His ability to integrate the immediate with the ultimate serves as an important lesson for leaders engaged in the twenty-first centurys great military struggles. He became the only leader in history to successfully turn a Muslim nation into a Western parliamentary democracy and secular state, leaving behind a legacy of modernization and military and political leadership.
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By Andrew Scott Cooper
The Oil Kings: How Nixon courted the shahJoan OleckThe transcripts of the oil deals reveal how Kissinger referred to Nixon as “that drunken lunatic” with “the meatball mind,” and how he negotiated a settlement with Iran that cost US oil companies their strategic hold in the Saudi oil industry.Rigged defence contracts also emerge in these pages, most notably the one fashioned by Nelson Rockefeller, then the governor of New York, who solicited Kissinger’s help to save New York-based Grumman Corporation from bankruptcy by pushing the shah to purchase the company’s F-14 jet fighter. That deal would help carry New York state for the Nixon-Agnew ticket in the 1972 election. For his part, the shah leapt at the opportunity. There’s more, such as the preparation of military contingency planswhich called for Iran to invade Kuwait and Saudi Arabiaand the war games that were held in the Mojave Desert to prepare for such an eventuality.
Then there are the millions of dollars in kickbacks paid by Grumman and Northrop to “middlemen” in Iran, facilitating all those weapons sales. And the scariest deal of all: Nixon’s agreement to sell nuclear power plants and fuel to Iran, with no apparent concern for the wider implications such a transaction might hold. TheNational
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By Simon Sebag Montefiore
Jerusalem is the universal city, the capital of two peoples, the shrine of three faiths; it is the prize of empires, the site of Judgment Day and the battlefield of todays clash of civilizations. From King David to Barack Obama, from the birth of Judaism, Christianity and Islam to the Israel-Palestine conflict, this is the epic history of three thousand years of faith, slaughter, fanaticism and coexistence. How did this small, remote town become the Holy City, the center of the world and now the key to peace in the Middle East? In a gripping narrative, Simon Sebag Montefiore reveals this ever-changing city in its many incarnations, bringing every epoch and character blazingly to life. Jerusalems biography is told through the wars, love affairs and revelations of the men and womenkings, empresses, prophets, poets, saints, conquerors and whoreswho created, destroyed, chronicled and believed in Jerusalem.
As well as the many ordinary Jerusalemites who have left their mark on the city, its cast varies from Solomon, Saladin and Suleiman the Magnificent to Cleopatra, Caligula and Churchill; from Abraham to Jesus and Muhammad; from the ancient world of Jezebel, Nebuchadnezzar, Herod and Nero to the modern times of the Kaiser, Disraeli, Mark Twain, Lincoln, Rasputin, Lawrence of Arabia and Moshe Dayan. Drawing on new archives, current scholarship, his own family papers and a lifetimes study, Montefiore illuminates the essence of sanctity and mysticism, identity and empire in a unique chronicle of the city that many believe will be the setting for the Apocalypse. This is how Jerusalem became Jerusalem, and the only city that exists twicein heaven and on earth.
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By Robin Wright
While Wright’s book, which examines the multifaceted “counter-jihad”the phenomenon of moderate Muslims confronting violent and authoritarian interpretations of Islamis consistently engaging, it too often feels more like advocacy than analysis, and tends to be overly coloured by optimism. Wright’s Rock the Casbahtaken from the title of the famous Middle East-themed song by The Clashpicks up where her earlier Dreams and Shadows: The Future of the Middle East left off. And that’s the problem. Wright finds new reform-minded Muslims to praise, but conceptually, this book is almost identical to her previous one. An award-winning journalist, Wright originally set out to write about the counter-jihad in both the Middle East and the West. (The book’s working subtitlestill found on some websiteswas How Sheikhs, Comedians, Rappers, and Women Are Challenging Osama Bin Laden.) Her overview of this subject proves quite appealing.TheNational
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By Ilan Pappe
It is amazing, according to Pappe, how the media had not managed to see the similarities between the ethnic cleansing that was happening in Bosnia with the one that is happening in Palestine. According to Drazen Petrovic (pg.2-3), who has dealt with the definition of ethnic cleansing, ethnic cleansing is associated with nationalism, the making of new nation states and national struggle all of which are the driving force within the Zionist ideology of Israel. The consultancy council had used the exact same methods as the methods that were later to be used by the Serbs in Bosnia. In fact Pappe argues that such methods were employed in order to establish the state of Israel in 1948.
The book is divided into 12 chapters with 19 illustrations in black and white, with 7 maps of Palestine and 2 tables. These include old photographs of refugee camps, and maps of Palestine before and after the ethnic cleansing of 1948. Pappe continues his writing as a revisionist historian with the intention of stating the bitter truth to his Israeli contemporaries and the fact that they have to face the truth of their nation being built upon an ethnic cleansing of the population of Palestine.
One can sense an optimistic hope in Pappes writing when he talks about the few who are in Israel who are aware of their countrys brutal past especially 1948 and the foundation of the state upon ethnic cleansing of the Palestinians.PaLint
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By Ayad Akhtar
American Dervish is a brilliantly written, nuanced, and emotionally forceful look inside the interplay of religion and modern life. Ayad Akhtar was raised in the Midwest himself, and through Hayat Shah he shows readers vividly the powerful forces at work on young men and women growing up Muslim in America. This is an intimate, personal first novel that will stay with readers long after they turn the last page. Mina is Hayat’s mother’s oldest friend from Pakistan. She is independent, beautiful and intelligent, and arrives on the Shah’s doorstep when her disastrous marriage in Pakistan disintegrates. Even Hayat’s skeptical father can’t deny the liveliness and happiness that accompanies Mina into their home. Her deep spirituality brings the family’s Muslim faith to life in a way that resonates with Hayat as nothing has before. Studying the Quran by Mina’s side and basking in the glow of her attention, he feels an entirely new purpose mingled with a growing infatuation for his teacher.
When Mina meets and begins dating a man, Hayat is confused by his feelings of betrayal. His growing passions, both spiritual and romantic, force him to question all that he has come to believe is true. Just as Mina finds happiness, Hayat is compelled to actwith devastating consequences for all those he loves most.
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By Sylviane Diouf
Despite the explosion in work on African American and religious history, little is known about Black Muslims who came to America as slaves. Most assume that what Muslim faith any Africans did bring with them was quickly absorbed into the new Christian milieu. But, surprisingly, as Sylviane Diouf shows in this new, meticulously researched volume, Islam flourished during slavery on a large scale.
Servants of Allah presents a history of African Muslim slaves, following them from Africa to the Americas. It details how, even while enslaved many Black Muslims managed to follow most of the precepts of their religion. Literate, urban, and well traveled, Black Muslims drew on their organization and the strength of their beliefs to play a major part in the most well known slave uprisings. Though Islam did not survive in the Americas in its orthodox form, its mark can be found in certain religions, traditions, and artistic creations of people of African descent.
But for all their accomplishments and contributions to the cultures of the African Diaspora, the Muslim slaves have been largely ignored.
Servants of Allah is the first book to examine the role of Islam in the lives of both individual practitioners and in the American slave community as a whole, while also shedding light on the legacy of Islam in today’s American and Caribbean cultures.
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By Nidaa Khoury
Khoury’s poetry is fired by belief in the human and the spiritual at a time when many of us feel unreal and often spiritually hollow.Yair Huri, Ben-Gurion University
Written in water and ink, in between the shed blood. Nidaa Khoury’s poems take us to the bosom of an ancient woman . . . an archetype revived. The secret she whispers is ‘smaller than words.’Karin Karakasli, author, Turkey
Nidaa Khoury was born in Fassouta, Upper Galilee, in 1959. Khoury is the author of seven books published in Arabic and several other languages, including The Barefoot River, which appeared in Arabic and Hebrew and The Bitter Crown, censored in Jordan. The Palestinian poet is studied in Israeli universities and widely reviewed by the Arab press. The founder of the Association of Survival, an NGO for minorities in Israel, Khoury has participated in over 30 international literary and human rights conferences and festivals. Khoury is the subject of the award-winning film, Nidaa Through Silence.
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By Irshad Manji
In Allah, Liberty and Love, Irshad Manji paves a path for Muslims and non-Muslims to transcend the fears that stop so many of us from living with honest-to-God integrity: the fear of offending others in a multicultural world as well as the fear of questioning our own communities. Since publishing her international bestseller, The Trouble with Islam Today, Manji has moved from anger to aspiration. She shows how any of us can reconcile faith with freedom and thus discover the Allah of liberty and lovethe universal God that loves us enough to give us choices and the capacity to make them. Among the most visible Muslim reformers of our era, Manji draws on her experience in the trenches to share stories that are deeply poignant, frequently funny and always revealing about these morally confused times. What prevents young Muslims, even in the West, from expressing their need for religious reinterpretation?
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posted 25 October 2011