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THE FUTURE OF THE NIGERIAN NATION: Structure and Governance System for Nigeria’s Six Zones

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Structure and Governance System for Nigeria’s Six Zones
by Dr. S. Okechukwu Mezu


The Igbos of the Lower Niger River, like the Hausas in the Upper Niger stretching to Niger, Chad and Sudan, Fula in Guinea, the Yoruba in the West of the River Niger extending to Benin Republic, like other ethnic nationalities, existed and had a structure and governance system  before the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885, where Europeans, in a scramble for Africa, partitioned and destroyed African nations’ respective self-governance and autonomy leading in 1914 to the Amalgamation by Britain of the Southern and Northern Protectorates to create an unstable entity that is called today Nigeria.

Independence in 1960 added political instability to the centrifugal forces of geography and ethnicity. Rather than wish away one hundred years of an acrimonious marriage blessed with children, even if they are quarrelsome, Nigeria needs decolonization. To realize this, we start from the known and generally accepted to the unknown – the entrenchment of the Six Zone structure as a basis for a confederation and a transformation and renaming of “Nigeria” to create federating units based on the Zonal structure, with the Southeast Zone for example, transforming itself following a referendum to Ala Igbo (Igbo Nation). Other zones will have the right to exercise similar options. Nigeria, thus decolonized, ceases to exist, becomes transformed into the United Nations of Africa.

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Nigeria, Ojukwu, Azikiwe, Biafra & Beyond The Rising Sun

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NIGERIA, OJUKWU, AZIKIWE, BIAFRA & BEYOND THE RISING SUN deals with the post independence climate in Nigeria, the Nigeria/Biafra Civil War, with particular reference to the central role played by General Odumegwu Ojukwu and the tangential part played by Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe. It examines the post-war politics of leadership and the lack thereof in present-day Nigeria that continues to be plagued with repeating echoes from the past. The book offers suggestions as to a possible road map for the future.

Some of the works of Dr. S. Okechukwu Mezu include The Philosophy of Pan-Africanism, (Georgetown University Press, 1965), The Tropical Dawn, poems, (1966); Leopold Sédar Senghor et la défense et illustration de la civilisation noire, (Marcel Didier, 1968); Black Leaders of the Centuries; Behind the Rising Sun, a novel about the Biafran war. (William Heinemann, Ltd., 1971)' (African Writers Series, No. 113); Modern Black Literature, (1971); The Literary Works of Senghor, (Heinemann Educational Books, 1972); Igbo Market Literature, 5 vols., (1972, 4000 p.); The Meaning of Africa to Afro-Americans: A Comparative Study Of Race & Racism, (1972); Umu Ejima (The Twins, 1975), Leopold Sedar Senghor, (Heinemann, 1973); Ken Saro-Wiwa: the life and times, and so many other works.


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A Befitting Monument for Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu

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by Dr. S. Okechukwu Mezu

"Would Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe have seceded from Nigeria and declared Biafra's Independence if he were in control of the situation. The answer is definitely NO. Would Dr. Azikiwe have worked out an accommodation under the Aburi Accord that projected a Confederation. The answer is definitely YES.  General Ojukwu is General Ojukwu and Zik of Africa is Zik of Africa and never, never the twain shall meet. The above is a veiled and indirect response to the entreaty from John Okiyi viz: "I will write Dr. Mezu to weigh in and give us his honest view [about Dr. Azikiwe and General Ojukwu]. Our elders are still alive and can guide us." There will be time to talk about Ojukwu, the war and Ojukwu's return to Nigeria. I was privileged to hold a private and extended discussion with him after his return from exile. It would be inappropriate to delve into those discussions at this time." quoted from  "Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe," by Dr. S. Okechukwu Mezu,

After writing the above on November 16, 2011, little did I know then that Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, born November 4, 1933 would die ten days later on 26 November 2011.

What would have been the nature and shape of my life, my forty-three years of marriage to my wife, Dr. Rose Ure Mezu, our family, the number of children (ten) we have? What direction would life have taken me,  my family, the family of Dr. S. Okechukwu and Dr. Rose Ure Mezu, if, if my life and that of Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu had not intersected during the Nigeria-Biafra War?

"Are you married?" asked Ojukwu finally.

"No," replied Dr. S. Okechukwu Mezu. "But I have a fiancée. We were engaged on June 10, 1968."

"You must get married immediately," continued Ojukwu. "I am sending you to Abidjan, Ivory Coast, as Biafra's Ambassador. You are a young man. I want you to travel with your wife. I have not allowed any Biafran diplomat or elder to travel out with their wife during this war - Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, Dr. Kenneth Dike, Dr. Michael Okpara, Dr. Pius Okigbo, Dr. Otue, Sir Louis Mbanefo, Chief C. C. Mojekwu etc. -  If they leave Biafra with their wives, I know they will never come back to Biafra. You are different. You were abroad, joined us from there. I can trust you fully. Tomorrow, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will prepare your passport and that of your wife and the two of you will leave for Abidjan with the next flight out of Uli Airport. They will also prepare the necessary letters of authority."

General Ojukwu did not even ask for my opinion.  He seemed not to care whether I was from Owerri or Onitsha or Nnewi, or Calabar. He knew of my work for Biafra in Paris from all his emmissaries that came there. He probably saw something in me. Our ideas about the war, our fears about its prosecution were identical. We could communicate without talking. He was simple, calm and ponderous. He had no illusions about the daunting tasks ahead and the immense suffering of our people. He knew I would accept. I did accept. I was then twenty-seven years old. He was thirty three.


Mbakwe or M I Okpara who was better Governor?

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This is a brief attempt to answer the question below from Igboville:

[" Facebook Group - IGBOVILLE QUESTION"
Please help me out here. A young friend of mine asked me who is the greatest governor of Igbo origin. Am torn between Chief Samuel Iheonunaka Mbakwe and Sir Michael Okpara. What do you think? Please give reasons for your position.]Images courtesy of: biafranigeriaworld & wikipedia

ATTEMPT AT AN ANSWER - by Dr. S. Okechukwu Mezu

They lived in different times and clime. Dr. Michael Okpara was the Premier of Eastern Nigeria (Today's South-Eastern states  (Imo, Anambra, Abia, Enugu, Ebonyi) and parts of South-South states (Rivers, Akwa Ibom and Cross Rivers). He was not elected but chosen over Barrister R. Amanze Njoku and Prof. Eyo Ita and leader of NCNC in the Eastern House of Assembly by Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe who was heading back to the national scene Lagos preparatory to the Independence of Nigeria. The headquarters of Eastern Nigeria was at Enugu. There were initially three regions - Eastern Nigeria, Western Nigeria and Northern Nigeria. A fourth Region was added later Mid-Western Nigeria comprising present Delta, Edo and Bayelsa states more or less. Nigeria during Dr. Michael Okpara's time was a Federation and the Regions could exercise almost the full powers of a nation with the exclusion of non-concurrent powers like Defense & Police Affairs, External Affairs, etc.) Each Region depended mostly on internally generated revenue - East Nigeria on Palm Oil, Western Nigeria on Cocoa, Northern Nigeria on Groundnuts and their pyramids.


THE LOUD DRUMS OF CIVIL WAR ARE SOUNDING IN NIGERIA: No Six Year Term for President and Governors

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The proposed bill from President Goodluck Jonathan for a Six Year term for Governors and the President (whether motivated by selfish reasons or not) is a totally unnecessary distraction and a disingenuous misplacement of priorities.

A new macabre dance of death has commenced in the Nigerian nation as nationals of one ethnic group rise up against another and sometimes against themselves, as Muslim clerics issue threats of war against Christians and Christian clergy respond that no one has a monopoly of violence. This appears to be a replay of the events that preceded the Nigeria-Biafra War (1967-1970), a war that was long in duration, murderous in intensity, cruel in its execution, disastrous in its consequences and long lasting in its humiliating effects on the Igbos who were vanquished and continue to suffer infrastructural neglect and political relegation nearly fifty years after. No nation survives a civil war two times. The times call for reason and for the leaders and the people to rise above selfishness and bigotry.

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